• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In what ways and to what extent did the issue of expansion widen the gulf between the North and South in the period 1819-1854?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

In what ways and to what extent did the issue of expansion widen the gulf between the North and South in the period 1819-1854? This period between 1819 and 1845 covers many important moments in American history. In 1819 however, there were 22 states, 11 free and 11 slave states, this was in equilibrium so both sides the North and the South were happy, despite the fact that the Northern states were pushing for any new states to become free and the Southern states vice versa. The Northern states were any states above the Mason Dixon Line and the Southern States were any below. The Mason Dixon line was an imaginary line which separated mainly Pennsylvania and Maryland. This line came into the spotlight of the Missouri Compromise of 1820; this was when the territory of Missouri requested to join the Union as a slave state. This would result in the balance of slave states and free stated not being equal, so Northern members of Congress contested the application. However, Henry Clay came to the rescue to stop the rift between North and South increasing, in the way of the Missouri Compromise this was an agreement that if a slave state was admitted, a free state would also be so that the balance stayed equal, so Maine along with Missouri was welcomed into the Union. A new line, the line of the latitude 36 30 was introduced, so any state north of the line would be automatically free and any below would be a slave state. ...read more.

Middle

The north did not agree with this war and did not agree with the existing gain, however the South wanted Polk to ask for more from Mexico, but so as not to alienate the North Polk changed his mind and didn't. The treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo was opposed by some of Polk's own party, which was a sign that Polk was prejudiced on the side of the South. One opponent David Wilmot, proposed an agreement which suggested that all territory gained from the war should stay free from slavery, saying it would be used to protect jobs for white men and so there would be less competition for the jobs. This was put to congress and was almost passed with all Northern congress men voting for the idea and all Southern against. This led to the idea of the south seceding from the union completely. The debate over this idea shows how the slavery was amplifying the political gulf between the North and the South, as secession was suggested. In order to bridge the gulf between North and South, the theory of popular sovereignty was suggested by Lewis Cass and Stephen Douglas. They said that the answer to all the problems would be to let the individual territories about to become states choose whether they wanted to be free or slave states. Many thought this was a good idea and the fairest, but one such problem of this was that it inferred that the Missouri Compromise would then be unconstitutional as it shad said that all states North of the latitude line of 36 30 would be free and all below would be slave states. ...read more.

Conclusion

He also believed that the South would not mind if the states would get to chose because if they did choose slavery, then that was an area which has allowed slavery to expand. The North, however were very unhappy as this bill opened the idea of all the new territories possibly becoming slave states. Some Northerners depicted the bill as a betrayal of the whole spirit of America as a land of opportunity and the American dreams of travelling west and making a fortune by labour as the allowance of slaves would mean that white people would have to compete for jobs. On the other hand, the South, were primarily content with the Bill, but after the criticism of the North they became desperate to pass the bill for southern honour, a very important perception in the South. The Bill led to sectional voting and the bill was passed to the shock of the North. The 1854 elections caused the Democratic Party to suffer severely as the Northern Democrats thought their party was representing the interests of the South at their sacrifices. Before the Mexican War in 1846, events had shown that expansion created grave dangers for the United States of America. Expansion could all too easily ignite sectional jealousy and result in confrontations. In 1849-50, some Southerners had even talked of leaving the Union all together. The 1850 compromise had succeeded in resolving the problems of the time, but not the underlying problem of slavery expansion. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. History of the United States

    By March 1776 the British evacuated Boston, moving to take and hold New York City. Within days of the British arrival in New York, however, the Congress in Philadelphia issued (July 4) the DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. In December 1776, Gen.

  2. The Nature of Southern Segregation

    More than half the county's residents were Black, but only one percent of Blacks were registered to vote. After Sheriff Jim Clark arrested a highly respected community leader, local teachers and other groups marched in protest. But the Selma campaign escalated further after violence broke out during a nighttime march in Marion, a neighboring town.

  1. The 50 year period between 1900 and 1950 remains as perhaps the most important ...

    Following the steep drop in stocks, consumers across the nation began selling their own shares and thus pushed the nation even deeper into the hole. Enter Franklin Delano Roosevelt and the New Deal. Roosevelt was inaugurated on March 4, 1933 and in the process ushered in a 4 term administration

  2. Westward Expansion.

    The struggle over new Western territories would continue to affect migration routes and numbers in accordance to their position upon slavery. Westward Expansion consequentially caused the loss of power land to the Mexicans and Native Indians, while it also aroused the issue of slavery between the North and South.

  1. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    merely a function of their shared opposition to a common enemy, Israel. Terrorist activity resumed, and between June and August 1983, at least twenty car bombs exploded throughout Lebanon, killing over seventy people. Lebanon's prime minister narrowly escaped death in one explosion.

  2. The California Gold Rush.

    There, people joined wagon trains and headed west. One route took a 1200-mile trek through the Rocky Mountains to southern Oregon followed by an 800-mile journey south to California through the Sierra Nevada Mountains. (See figure 1)6 Another trail was longer and less popular, but avoided the mountains.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work