• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In what ways did Lenin's economic policies, in the period to 1924, attempt to solve the problems facing the Bolsheviks in 1918?

Extracts from this document...


Sophie Lakes March 2nd 2005 (A) In what ways did Lenin's economic policies, in the period to 1924, attempt to solve the problems facing the Bolsheviks in 1918? When the Bolsheviks seized power in October 1917 they inherited many of the problems faced by the old Tsarist regime as well as those of the Provisional Government after the Tsars abdication. Lenin, as leader of the Bolsheviks took many measures to try and solve these problems, each with varying degrees of success. This essay will, therefore, go on to look at and discuss the various measures that Lenin and the Bolshevik party took, and, whether these measures created more problems for Russia in the end or in fact made significant progress towards the communist society that Lenin had prophesised for Russia. In the early days of Bolshevik rule, there were many problems facing Lenin. As communication was poor to the rural areas of Russia, the peasants had little or no knowledge of political parties and so did not support the Bolsheviks in their takeover. When the Bolsheviks changed to the Communist party in 1918, many peasants believed these to be a new party challenging Bolshevism and so made banners saying 'Down with the Communists, Long live the Bolsheviks!' ...read more.


Land was taken from the nobility, including the Tsar, the church and all other landowners and given to the peasants who had control over it themselves through peasant soviets. This simply made legal what the peasants had been doing since 1916. All grain was put under state control to feed the starving people in the towns and cities and requisition squads were sent out to forcibly take excess grain from those who did not wish to give it. Along with this, industries such as large factories, banks, mines and railways, were put under state control however the smaller factories were handed over to the workers, as promised. The 'Supreme Council of the National Economy' was introduced to oversee the entire economy but Lenin still had a long way to go. The start of the civil war in 1918 saw the inauguration of 'War Communism'. Lenin saw this as the first step toward socialism and wanted workers and peasants to have a much greater role in the future development of Russia. Many promises made before the seizure of power remained unresolved and now, with more and more dilemmas being brought on by civil war and with ...read more.


With this policy, Lenin was trying to boost the production in towns, cities and the countryside and so the abhorrent practise of grain requisitioning was ended. Instead of this, peasants were able to sell grain for a profit, giving 10% of this in tax to the government. Although the larger factories remained under state control, smaller factories were returned back to private ownership and the militaristic rule over factories was stopped. Money was reinstated and anyone could set up a shop and sell or hire goods for a profit. Lenin remained adamant that this was not a permanent back track to capitalism, it was a temporary measure, and once the economy picked up the NEP would be eradicated. The NEP's results were unexpected. The starvation in the towns and cities, which had driven some to cannibalism, was over and life began to flow back into the cities. Grain became so readily available that the prices dropped, causing more unwillingness to sell grain. The government responded by bringing prices down on industrial goods to balance the problem. The NEP appeared to be the answer to all of Russia's problems but Lenin insisted that communism was not dead, it was simply on hold. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. How did the Bolsheviks consolidate their power: 1917 - 1924?

    The Bolshevik's also agreed to pay huge reparations to Germany. Although Lenin had to reach this humiliating agreement with Germany his eye was on the bigger picture. He believed that eventually the German's would be defeated by the combined might of Great Britain, France and more recently America, making any previous agreements with Germany null and void.

  2. The Hidden Facets of Bolshevism - Friends and Foes of the Working Class.

    After leading the October Revolution, Lenin served as the first and only chairman of the R.S.F.S.R.. In 1919 Lenin founded the Communist International. Every man in Lenin's cabinet, with the exception of Trotsky and Tchicherin, had been working with him for over twenty years; they really were his disciples.

  1. Describe the problems that faced the Bolsheviks in their first year in government and ...

    timing of the Treaty and the chaos of World War One gave them an excuse to break free. Polish and Ukrainian independence had been greatly encouraged by the Germans, as they saw it would stir up trouble within Russia. Along with Poland and Ukraine; Transcaucasia2, Don Cossacks, Byelorussia, Latvia, Estonia, Finland and Lithuania all claimed their independence from Russia.

  2. consolidation of Bolshevism

    To Lenin, the solution would be to dissolve the assembly and keep control by using only one party; he used the excuse that the assembly is purely a bourgeoisie instrument. Lenin used the All-Russian soviets as an instrument to gain support to replace the assembly.

  1. What measures did the Bolsheviks take to maintain power and address the problems of ...

    Despite meeting the promises of the Bolsheviks for peace, the treaty created yet more opposition within Russia. Lenin's methods for dealing with opposition were ruthless, repression and dictatorship. As Russia moved closer to a civil war, Lenin became increasingly like the Tsar in his way of rule.

  2. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    from 1933 onwards, grain output was measured in ‘biological yield’, the maximum possible yield as the grain stood in the fields. USSR claimed to have achieved Socialism as a result of the 1930s industrialisation. This was because by Soviet definition, Socialism meant ‘social’ ownership of the means of production ï

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work