• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In what ways was England stable during the reign of Richard III?

Extracts from this document...


In what ways was England stable during the reign of Richard III? There are many arguments stating that in the reign of Richard III there were no stabilities in England by any means. I have to disagree with this based on the evidence I have found stating otherwise. This evidence includes the facts that he passed the most progressive laws on record for the Fifteenth Century. He set up a council of advisors that cautiously included Lancastrian supporters, administered justice for the poor as well as the rich, and established a series of posting stations for royal messengers between the North and London. By marrying Anne Neville, the Earl of Warwick's daughter, he inherited Warwick's authority in the North. Richard built on this to produce, for himself, a vast territory virtually making himself a sub-king in the region. Richard had governed the North of England effectively for Edward after 1471 and had given no indication of treachery. After the death of Richard III it was proved that he was popular in the North because the City Council in York recorded on paper its sadness of hearing about his death at the Battle of Wakefield. This may have been because he received much of the support from the Yorkists due to previous loyalty to Edward IV. ...read more.


I think that because of the 'Princes in the Tower' theory Richard was never going to have an trouble-free reign especially as the mother of the two Princes, the murdered (Edward V and Richard of York) Elizabeth Woodville was on Henry Tudor's side and to prove this she wanted her daughter Elizabeth of York to marry him. Four months into his reign he repressed a rebellion led by his former supporter Henry Stafford, Duke of Buckingham, who wanted the installation of Henry Tudor, a weak Lancaster, to the throne. The rebellion was unsuccessful, however Richard realized that he would be under threat from further rebellion throughout his reign making it extremely unstable. It is a fact that England would never be stable if the North and South were not united. Richard failed to do this meaning that the instability in England was greatly increased. Richard caused resentment in that there was patronage of the northerners in the South. A good example of this is that Richard gave many of the lands in the South to the Northern supporters. This subjected England to instability and created years of uncertainty, rebellion and danger according to the fact that he had destroyed the peace further. England's government was corrupt and had a continuance of the same personnel, for example, of Richards 54 councillors, 24 had served Edward IV, and 9 were to serve Henry VII (Henry Tudor.) ...read more.


I think this may be partly due to the Wars of the Roses taking place between 1455 and 1487. The war was between the House Of Lancaster and the House of York. Richard III was never going to have a simple reign due to all the propaganda against him so you cant really say that if the king is unsuccessful then the country will be stable. I also believe that it is very difficult to reform a country and make it stable after so many years of instability before Richard III came to the throne. I think the only thing that was stable in the reign of Richard III was the Council of the North. However if there had been created a Council in the South as well he would not have been so unfair. I think it would be fair to say that because of the image problems that Richard III had he was vulnerable to negative propaganda about the death of his wife Queen Anne and about his appearance (having a deformity.) It also goes to say that because he never produced his nephews to contradict rumours of their murders, he may have been guilty. All of theses things add together to make the people wonder about whether Richard was a good king or not and if he had no one on his side it would be very difficult to be in power over the country. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Explain why Richard III was able to usurp the throne of England in June ...

    4 star(s)

    Richard was released from sanctuary with his mother to join his brother in the council. Now all of the possible heirs to the throne were under Richards control this included his brother George Duke of Clarence's son who was next inline after the princes.

  2. Discuss Shakespeare's presentation of women in Richard III. Are they convincing characters?

    She asks that his wife be 'more miserable by the death if him/ Than I am made by my young lord and thee.' Here she id unknowingly cursing herself, proving that cursing is a dangerous game. It is here that Richard steps in determined to marry her, as a path to the throne.

  1. How effective was Richard III as a king from 1483 - 1485?

    This stated the marriage of Elizabeth Woodville and Edward IV was invalid; therefore any children were illegitimate; that the children of Clarence were debarred from the succession by his attainder; condemned the government of Edward IV due to the Woodville influence, described as harmful to English security, immoral and corrupt.

  2. How important was foreign support for Henry Tudor in explaining Richard III

    Around those who joined Henry in his march to Bosworth was Rhys ap Thomas who Tudor had promised the lieutenancy of Wales to if he were to become king; in this way it can b suggest that Tudor's cunning is an important factor to him becoming king by using propositions to get people on his side.

  1. Explain why Richard, Duke of Gloucester, made himself King in 1483.

    The Duke of Buckingham and Lord Hastings were two of Gloucester's main allies throughout the power struggle. Buckingham (Henry Stafford) had a remote claim to the throne, being descended from Edward III's youngest son. He controlled mostly lands in the Midlands and south-east Wales.

  2. How effective was Richard III as King of England?

    Therefore it was vital that he gained the support from the three remaining magnates Thomas Lord Stanley, Earl of Northumberland and John Howard Duke of Norfolk all received patronage from the King. Norfolk was his main beneficiary and he could trust him yet Northumberland disliked the King and Stanley was devious and unreliable.

  1. Why was Henry Tudor able to overthrow Richard III?

    and powerful leader, determined to do anything to get what he wanted. This can be seen as a positive aspect to his character, but this also becomes a negative one. His tendency to act quickly (shown by his actions at Bosworth)

  2. The Prince.

    Mind you though, the last time they'd dated the prince had been 15 and she'd been 14 - long time ago. Between dances (and in dances sometimes as well) they were quite conversational. "You were late arriving, Hailey," the prince said.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work