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Is Australia a safer country since the end of the Cold War? Discuss with reference to changing security issues since 1991.

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Introduction

POL 168 Q1) Is Australia a safer country since the end of the Cold War? Discuss with reference to changing security issues since 1991. Australia is not as safe as it was during the Cold War because the world has transformed from a system of bipolarity into unipolarity1. The hegemony of the United States has been strengthened immensely since the conclusion of the arms race between the U.S.S.R and America. Therefore, inevitably smaller states will balance against it, in an attempt to rebalance global power, which will lead to an even more insecure world.2 Australia as a close ally with the United States, has thus been perceived as a threat to other countries during and after the Cold War, especially those who yearn for increased power on a global scale. Yet, the primary difference during and after the Cold War, is that there was an obvious enemy before - the Communists. However nowadays various factions and governments are contending against the supremacy of the Western world, yet since they are often unknown and concealed, it is difficult for Australia and its allies to contend with. ...read more.

Middle

These events do threaten the security of Australia because they are regional, and thus have an immediate effect on Australia, for not only do they create instability in our region, but can increase the flow of refugees onto Australian shores and thus forcing our economy to accommodate them.12 The UN has attempted to resolve anarchy within these nation states. During the early 1990's many of these peacekeeping missions were a success, such as the Gulf War in 1991, however the UN shifted from peace keepers into peace enforcers during missions in Somalia and Bosnia.13 The Gulf War in 2003 has revealed the ability of the United States and its belief of supremacy over the UN, through invading Iraq without the support of the UN. Thus revealing the unipolar system that has existed since the end of the Cold War. Fukuyama believed that the end of the Cold War would be the end of history, in the sense that ideological challenges to liberal democratic principles were effectively dead and incapable of resurrection.14 However, during this post Cold War period a system of unilateralism will eventually provoke a counter coalition,15 because nation states are threatened by any large concentration of power, and thus in due course they will take action in order to restore a balance. ...read more.

Conclusion

p. 226 5 ibid. p. 170 6 ibid. p. 172 7 Millar, T.B, Australia in Peace and War, Australian National University Press 1991, p. 312 8 ibid. p. 310 9 Ibid. 10 Kelly, Paul, The End of Certainty, Allen & Unwin, Sydney, 1994 11 In most circumstances. Waltz, Kenneth, op cit (n 1) 12 Muraview, Alexey D, Australia's Security in the 21st Century, University of Queensland Press, 2001 13 Firth, Stewart, Australia in International Politics: An Introduction to Australian Foreign Policy, Allen & Unwin 1999 14 Fukuyama, F, The End of History and the Last Man, Glencoe, IL: Free Press and Hammondsworth: Penguin, 1992 15 possibly they will have a different ideology to that of America. Waltz, Kenneth, op cit (n 1) 16 Layne, Chris, op cit (n 2) 17 Gilpin, R, War and Change in World Politics, Cambridge University Press, 1981, p. 13 18 Posen, B.R & Ross, A.L, Competing Visions for U.S. Grand Strategy, International Security, Vol.21, No.3 (Winter 1996/97) p. 5-53 19 ASIO website -http://www.asio.gov.au/Review/comp.htm 20 Firth, Stewart, op cit (n 13) 21 Report of the Canberra Commission on the Elimination of Nuclear Weapons, Canberra, 1996, p. 7 in Firth, Stewart, op cit (n 13) Elizabeth Herbert - 40328104 1 ...read more.

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