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Is there sufficient evidence in sources A to E to explain why there was an anti war movement in the United Statesduring the late 1960's and early 1970's?

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Introduction

Is there sufficient evidence in sources A to E to explain why there was an anti war movement in the United States during the late 1960's and early 1970's? In the early sixties the public opinion was favorable towards USA's involvement in the war. From 64-65 a poll showed that 80 percent of the population agreed with Johnson and were for the war. At first, most Americans supported the war as the Domino theory was very popular and so people were prepared to let Johnson stop it at nearly any cost. Source A is a secondary Source from Four Hours in My Lai by Michael Bilton published in 1992. The Source says the army was willing to recruit less able soldiers and says that recruits were less intelligent. Heavy casualties took place because of the inexperience of soldiers. As they began gaining experience they were sent home, there was no experienced comrade's which explains the "rookie army". In 1967 Johnson had introduced the Conscription Act. The Act for a period excluded people between the age of 18 and 21 and people who went to college. As this largely applied to the middle and upper class white section of society, this was seen as a deliberate act to fill the army with the lower classes and black people. ...read more.

Middle

The American government was not concerned about how many people were killed or how many they were killing just as long it stopped communism. This article went towards the anti-war feelings. Source 'C' backs up source 'B' in the way of attacking/killing innocent civilians. It shows how it is immoral and not the way to persuade the people of the evil of communism. The bombing of civilians gave people a reason to protest against war, as war was obviously not the way to achieve the aims of the US. This source gives a reason for socialists to protest against the war, as they believe that the Vietnamese have a right to rule themselves, or elect who they want to rule. Anti-war slogans show how the US public felt about the war and the USA's involvement in it. These include "Make love not War," "who are we to police the world" and "giving peace a chance". Source 'D' is a cartoon from a British magazine in 1967. It shows President Johnson ruining his 'great society's programme, which is going up in smoke, in Vietnam. It shows that the money from the great society is being spent on Vietnam through the US economy, (around $20billion a year). ...read more.

Conclusion

Sources 'A' and 'C' talked of US tactics not working and related to Source 'D' in the waste of US tax money going up in smoke, with president after president draining the nation of resource's. Millions of people suffered sacrifices, with men from poor areas of the country going to war, getting injured, coming home and not being able to work. This left families with out a primary source of income and left many of them claiming benefits, which were receiving less money from the national budget every year. I believe there were three main factors to the increase of the Anti-war movement. One was the way the media portrayed the war in Vietnam, with wave after wave of image's showing the horrors of napalm and other chemical weapons. Second their was the veterans. The veterans came home injured or psychologically damaged with what they have gone through. They knew what was happening in Vietnam was wrong and stood up against it. Thirdly was the fact that soldiers with low intelligence were sent to Vietnam and sent back home if they had managed to survive. The experience they had gained was wasted and possibly led to the increase of US casualties. James Allen 11.7 ...read more.

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