• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Is there sufficient evidence in sources A to E to explain why there was an anti war movement in the United Statesduring the late 1960's and early 1970's?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Is there sufficient evidence in sources A to E to explain why there was an anti war movement in the United States during the late 1960's and early 1970's? In the early sixties the public opinion was favorable towards USA's involvement in the war. From 64-65 a poll showed that 80 percent of the population agreed with Johnson and were for the war. At first, most Americans supported the war as the Domino theory was very popular and so people were prepared to let Johnson stop it at nearly any cost. Source A is a secondary Source from Four Hours in My Lai by Michael Bilton published in 1992. The Source says the army was willing to recruit less able soldiers and says that recruits were less intelligent. Heavy casualties took place because of the inexperience of soldiers. As they began gaining experience they were sent home, there was no experienced comrade's which explains the "rookie army". In 1967 Johnson had introduced the Conscription Act. The Act for a period excluded people between the age of 18 and 21 and people who went to college. As this largely applied to the middle and upper class white section of society, this was seen as a deliberate act to fill the army with the lower classes and black people. ...read more.

Middle

The American government was not concerned about how many people were killed or how many they were killing just as long it stopped communism. This article went towards the anti-war feelings. Source 'C' backs up source 'B' in the way of attacking/killing innocent civilians. It shows how it is immoral and not the way to persuade the people of the evil of communism. The bombing of civilians gave people a reason to protest against war, as war was obviously not the way to achieve the aims of the US. This source gives a reason for socialists to protest against the war, as they believe that the Vietnamese have a right to rule themselves, or elect who they want to rule. Anti-war slogans show how the US public felt about the war and the USA's involvement in it. These include "Make love not War," "who are we to police the world" and "giving peace a chance". Source 'D' is a cartoon from a British magazine in 1967. It shows President Johnson ruining his 'great society's programme, which is going up in smoke, in Vietnam. It shows that the money from the great society is being spent on Vietnam through the US economy, (around $20billion a year). ...read more.

Conclusion

Sources 'A' and 'C' talked of US tactics not working and related to Source 'D' in the waste of US tax money going up in smoke, with president after president draining the nation of resource's. Millions of people suffered sacrifices, with men from poor areas of the country going to war, getting injured, coming home and not being able to work. This left families with out a primary source of income and left many of them claiming benefits, which were receiving less money from the national budget every year. I believe there were three main factors to the increase of the Anti-war movement. One was the way the media portrayed the war in Vietnam, with wave after wave of image's showing the horrors of napalm and other chemical weapons. Second their was the veterans. The veterans came home injured or psychologically damaged with what they have gone through. They knew what was happening in Vietnam was wrong and stood up against it. Thirdly was the fact that soldiers with low intelligence were sent to Vietnam and sent back home if they had managed to survive. The experience they had gained was wasted and possibly led to the increase of US casualties. James Allen 11.7 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did the USA pursue a policy of detente in the early 1970's?

    American dollar, made other countries revalue their currencies in relation to the dollar.5 During the late 1960's and early 1970's, America's military power was dramatically diminished. Although caught up in the Vietnam War, which Kissenger described as "A war we could not win but also seemed unable to end."6 America

  2. Why did the United States become involved in Vietnam in the 1950's and 1960's?

    The Communists were within reach of victory as the security situation continued to deteriorate due to the chaos in politics. In July of this year, President Kennedy had repeated the domino theory, "In my opinion for us to withdraw from the effort would mean a collapse, not only of Vietnam, but of South East Asia.

  1. How was opposition to the Vietnam War portrayed in Contemporary Literature, Film and popular ...

    communism, but that was not the way Johnson was portraying the people as he was trying to get the American public to believe that the Vietnamese were against communism. Johnson tried to sway the public by offering America as a country that is loyal to the needy and weak countries,

  2. Why did a student movement develop in the 1960's and 1970's In the USA

    By the end of 1965, the SDS had 10,000 members at 150 colleges and universities. These members held anti-war marched and in April of 1965, over 20,000 students marched on Washington DC to demand the withdrawal of troops from Vietnam.

  1. Why did the USA become involved in Vietnam in the 1950s and 1960s?

    Many villagers were 'justifiably' murdered on these occasions. The Massacres of My Lai are an example of this. Throughout the war, there was the High Body Count tactic, where it was believed that if the Americans just killed as many people as they possibly could, they would win the war.

  2. I will be looking at how the U.S became increasingly involved Vietnam, the problems ...

    many more Vietnamese peasants joined the rebellion. This meant that the Americans were facing opposition in their own bases as well as in the jungles and in the South. "A mortar shell lands right in the middle of the patrol.

  1. How was opposition to the Vietnam War portrayed in contemporary literature, film and popular ...

    It literally took two weeks to write, record and release an antiwar song as opposed to the long duration it took to make a film or book. Many of the public's favourite artists such as Johnny Cash and County Joe and the Fish were in the centre of these new unheard of antiwar songs.

  2. Use the sources and your knowledge of American history to explain why there has ...

    This shows that FDR was right in the extra power that he gave the executive branch, because the situation required the President to have such a role. In addition, Source B heavily supports FDR in the way that he governed the country, and supports the policies that he introduced.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work