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It was the New Model Army which gave victory to Parliament, How far do you agree?

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It was the New Model Army which gave victory to Parliament, How far do you agree? In the closing stages of 1644, Oliver Cromwell realised that the existing parliamentary armies were less than ideal. Using his influence in parliament, he proposed the Self-Denying Ordinance. This stated that any member of the House of Commons or the House of Lords holding a military commission should resign it. This was intended to remove the aristocratic leaders, such as the Earl of Essex, and the Earl of Manchester, from the armies, allowing true military leaders to take their place. In addition to this, the armies were to be combined and reorganised into the "New Model". The personal regiments would be split up and pay standardised. Food and provisions of clothing would be guaranteed to all in order to encourage soldiers to agree to the changes. The "Soldier's Catechism" was drawn up, which laid down rules and regulations, as well as correct drill procedures, in order that the soldiers would know what was expected of them. This army was proposed in February 1645, and began to come into being in April 1645. ...read more.


Although the Royalists were skilled soldiers, they lacked discipline, they pillaged villages and were reckless and rude, and as a result of this many neutrals in the war were more inclined to support Parliament as they were so disciplined. While Charles had many of the skilled soldiers at the start of the war, he was less effective as conscripting new people into his army than Parliament were, he also failed to control the conflicting aids and ambitions of his commanders and advisers. He had too many chiefs and not enough troops. In 1643 the northern and western alliances were supposed to meet in Oxford but all the leaders started arguing, their self interests were more important, they didn't focus on the greater good and the whole picture of events. The King was also a poor leader and many royalist troops argued over what their objectives were, they didn't know what they were really fighting for and didn't know what they wanted out of the war. Charles was also poor at collecting tax, at the start of the war he relied on handouts from aristocrats, an as their money ran out, he asked for more, he did not have a steady supply of money causing troops to be poorly looked after and malnourished. ...read more.


the 'middle' party, with the most powerful of all Parliaments MP's, including Pym, Cromwell and Hampden, Parliament could focus on how they could win the war. With John Pym in control of the middle party, his mediating skills could be shown to there greatest effect. Pym could bring together the two opposing parties, he learned from Parliaments mistakes and utilised them for greatest effect. He also persuaded other MP's to use compulsory taxation on a weekly basis meaning Parliament had a regular financial structure and didn't have to worry about where there money would be coming from, like the Royalists did, Parliament introduced Weekly Assessment and Excise tax which were put into effect all over the country. Parliament also had a good use of time. They spent time negotiating for allies with the Scottish Covenanters. And Pym brought in the Solemn League and Covenant, compromising on the Religious settlement with the Scots. So was it purely the New Model Army that gave victory to Parliament? Considering all factors of both the Royalists and the Parliamentarians, and their negotiations and tactics, the New Model Army may have won the Battles, but they didn't win the War. ...read more.

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