• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'Italy was put together just as though it were a piece of lifeless mosaic' (Mazzini). How far do the sources taken together support his views?

Extracts from this document...


'Italy was put together just as though it were a piece of lifeless mosaic' (Mazzini). How far do the sources taken together support his views? Giuseppe Mazzini born in Genoa in 1805 was seen in many Italians' eyes as a very brave and respected man, where as in others he was deemed a terrorist. These split views immediately point to the fact Mazzini was a character appealing to a certain kind of person and quotes what they want to hear. For example the above quote made by Mazzini was likely to have been aimed at the lower middle classes who felt left out in the decision and forced into the unification of Italy. Thus making references on the reliability and solidarity of sources immediately less useful due to the initial quote being debatable. Source one on the sheet is a letter from Cavour to Victor Emmanuel giving his version of a meeting between himself and Napoleon III. Instantly the letter starts Cavour confesses '... you will be impatient to receive an exact ... narration.' Showing immediately the letter will be altered to put Cavour in a good light. Many times throughout the letter Cavour emphasises his dominating role by stating things such as 'I felt obliged to treat that question..., First I suggested..., This was a reasonable objection....' ...read more.


It is showing that people did want unification. In 1859 people got rid of the leaders in order to unify Italy, these are all great signs of people getting involved and wanting a unified Italy. Though in Tuscany there were rifts between the main supporters and the supporters of annexation to Piedmont. This source really goes against Mazzini as it is showing support from people and in heavy numbers also. Although there is support the source does not specifically state they are supporting unification. The reliability of this source although secondary evidence is quite good, and the basis of this judgement is relied on the agreement of this source with source 3 highlighting the opposition to unification in Tuscany. Source 3 'A new boot for old shoes'. Cavour to Victor Emmanuel. 'Push hard, it has to give way Right down the toe! It will fit you like a glove!' (Satirical cartoon by Florentine cartoonist Sanesi in Il Lampione of 15 May 1860). The source shows Cavour trying to force a boot on to Victor Emmanuel's foot, like in the title quote 'Push hard' implying the boot (Italy: also boot shaped) not fitting, the unification is being forced. The caricature also has people in the background these being Napoleon, Duchess of Parma appears to be representing the rulers that will be no more. ...read more.


By making such a statement immediately confirming Mazzini's claim in the title. Although Cavour's idea to use the people did not consult them it would at least gain the support of some of the Piedmontese population therefore gaining his popularity within his state. The idea of 'live forces' was opted for n this letter and by using this tactic Cavour and Napoleon therefore could not be lifeless like Mazzini claims. The aim of this letter was to persuade Napoleon to fight Austria and relieve Italy of Austrian troops. Cavour tried to do this by aiming to provoke Napoleon into war by accusing Austria of using France. The basis of this source further justifies Mazzini's claim by the persuasion of war and hopeful evasion of revolts yet there are points in the source disagreeing with Mazzini by stating the use of 'live forces'. The reliability of this source is good as it is an official letter from Cavour, in this type of letter there is always going to be a hint of biasness. On the whole I feel the majority of sources agreed with Mazzini's statement and were vastly backed up by evidence. These sources were generally from political figureheads discussing unification with few people opinions being expressed. Although the majority were for Mazzini's claim was the evidence to disagree with this and with more evidence Mazzini would have been disagreed with more often. WORD COUNT 1,420 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Contrast The Contribution Made By Mazzini, Cavour and Garibaldi to Italian Unification

    4 star(s)

    Because of the favorable circumstances, Garibaldi was able to make a journey towards the South and gradually gain the southern Italian states like Sicily or Naples. As a military leader, Garibaldi had to make decisions connected with politics and ideology.

  2. Who was more responsible for the success of Italian Unification up to 1861? Cavour, ...

    In addition in Cavour's opinion Sicily like the rest of the south was too poor and backward to be ready for a takeover by Piedmont." (The Unification Of Italy 1815-70 Andrina Stiles) Garibaldi successfully conquered Sicily even though it was occupied by around 25,000 Neapolitan troops.

  1. Compare & Contrast Cavour & Garibaldi's Contributions to the Unification.

    Cavour understood that war was essential to drive away Austrian influence in Italy, but he wanted to use intelligent diplomacy in order to isolate Austria and receive help from France. Garibaldi, with help from his guerrilla training in South America, used and manipulated naval forces to fight against the state rulers in Naples and Sicily.

  2. "Cavour put himself first while Garibaldi put Italy first" - Discuss.

    Cavour did not want to accept the Treaty of Villafranca, and resigned. This proved that he was not calm enough and did not put Italy first. He did not think of if not accepting the treaty, France might be angered, and Lombardy might be lost also.

  1. Leni Riefenstahl The Propagandist or Artist? A Historiographical Debate.

    * Showed Germany to be a peaceful country - playing games, not preparing for war, tells people that the SA are not a threat to law and order. * Germany is also shown to be happy and contented - the people are depicted as smiling, fit and healthy.

  2. Compare and contrast Cavour and Garibaldi's contributions to Unification.

    Both Cavour and Garibaldi put a great deal of effort into the unification process - Cavour in mostly diplomatic means and Garibaldi in mostly military. When comparing the roles of Cavour and Garibaldi in Italian unification, it is necessary to take a look at the two parties' eagerness for the cause.

  1. Fascist Italy

    The myth that was "The Great Mussolini" however was a strong enough image to direct the public's attention from these faults and from the fact that the Fascist Party had little or no policies of substance. One of the items of Fascist parties agenda Mussolini launched was to create an

  2. How far do you agree that Cavour made the most significant contribution to Italian ...

    Garibaldi was a passionate supporter of Italian unification. Heavily influenced by Mazzini, Garibaldi had been involved in several earlier revolutions in the Italian states. He hoped to take advantage of what Cavour has achieved in the north to complete the unification process.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work