• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Japanese pre-war imperialistic activities from the late 1890s to 1945

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Japanese pre-war imperialistic activities from the late 1890s to 1945 were motivated by the ambition of expanding the boundaries of its outer territories for resources by colonizing neighboring countries: Taiwan (1895-1945), Korea (1910-1945), Micronesia (1914-1945), China (1931-1945), and southeast Asia (1942-1945) such as the Philippines, Singapore, Indonesia, Burma and other areas. The aim of this paper is to introduce and discuss how did Japanese imperialism shape East Asia between 1910 and 1945, which is the period of that Japan has regression in many East Asia countries, by viewing the aspect of militaristic/political, economic and cultural hegemony. Therefore, the structure of this discussion is going to be divided into four main parts which are included the influences of that Japanese imperialism dominated the polity, economy and culture of four significant colonies, which are Taiwan, Korea, China and southeast Asia, between 1910-1945. Taiwan The Japanese colonization of Taiwan was divided into three periods: Armed Uprising (1895-1919), Non-violent Resistance (1919-1936) and Resumption of Military Rule (1936-1945). Thus the period of 1910 to 1945 have come through these three periods. In the first period, there are two persons resisted to the Japanese imperialism, Lin Shao-mao who was executed in May 1902 and Yu Ching-fan who rebelled from 1907 through 1915. Before 1919, Japanese imperialism sent military governors to Taiwan with absolute executive, legislative and judicial powers conferred by the Japanese Diet. During this period, there were more than 100 uprising in Taiwan in addition to tens of thousands people dead. ...read more.

Middle

Therefore, because the reaction became more and more enthusiastic, anti-Japanese attitudes were becoming main basis for growing national consciousness. The second periodization of that Korea was ruling under Japanese Empire was 1920-1935. As China became new Japanese periphery since 1930s, Korea and Taiwan were less tightly. Thus Japanese imperialism carried out the assimilation in Korea. Similar patterns of educational goal and practice were employed by the Korea Government-General since Japan annexed Korea in 1910. In 1911 the Korea Education Rescript was legislated, stressing cultivating in Korean children qualities of Japanese nationals and diffusing the national language. The same emphasis on ethics education, as the Imperial Rescript on Education stated, and Japanese teaching was employed as the educational goal in Korea as well as in Taiwanese education. Revision also was made several times. The third revision in 1938 abolished Korean language teaching, leaving it voluntary and stressed the teaching of imperialization/Japanization in the curriculum contents. From 1930s to 1945, Korea was colonized in an imperial subjectification period. Militarism became a fashion all around the world. Therefore, more and more roads, railroads, telegraph lines and factories were built in order to supply sufficient resources that Japanese used during World War II. Even some Koreans were sent to Japan to work in factories. In a word, Korea was the subordinate of imperial Japan between 1910 and 1945. China As we all know, for nearly a hundred years China has been a semi-colonial country jointly dominated by several imperialist powers and Japanese imperialism was one of them. ...read more.

Conclusion

The 600 Malay and 45,000 Indian troops were assembled by the Japanese and urged to transfer their allegiance to the emperor of Japan. Many refused and were executed, tortured, imprisoned, or sent as forced laborers to Tailand or Sumatra. Serious disruption of not only the economy but the whole fabric of society marked the occupation years in Singapore. Food and basic materials were in short supply since the allocative trade that Singapore depended on to provide most goods was severely curtailed by the war. But because of the time that Singapore was regressed was not the long as that Japanese did in Taiwan, Korea and China, the economy and civil system was rebuilt quickly after Japan surrendered. And since 1980s, Singapore became one of the four richest countries with HongKong, Korea and Japan in East Asia. To sum up, Japanese imperialism influenced almost all the East Asia deeply between 1910 and 1945. On one hand, Japanese brutal regression destroyed the industries, economies and social system of many poor countries such as Taiwan, Korea, China and Southeast Asia countries. They killed millions of people and changed the order of those poor countries' society, which was the intention that Japanese wished to shaped East Asia as its territory. On the other hand, to some positive extent, Japanese had developed East Asia's cultural and industrial technology and brought many investments to East Asia more or less, which pushed other countries forward. But anyway, the activities all Japanese imperialism did for other East Asia countries were cruel and harmful and people who lived or used to be lived in those under-colonized countries will not forget that huge disaster for them forever. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did Mao Zedong introduce a second five year plan in 1958 and to ...

    This open engagement in what Marx called exploitation, would never have been allowed in Maoist China. In education, only 80,000 out of one billion peop from coursework.info le received university education, Mao had decided the future of young intellectuals and made sure they would never become to powerful, they were

  2. North Korea and South Korea after the Korean war.

    However, progress has been made, especially through inter-Korean economic transactions and the changing popular opinion among the Korean people. This new hope and determination to reunite this single nation which is radiating from the new generation of Koreans who have either forgotten or did not know the Korean war.

  1. British Imperialism in India.

    In 1905, the British government tried to divide the state of Bengal into a Hindu and a Muslim section. The Indian people protested against violently this and started to boycott British goods. To stop this the British did the Morley-Minto Reforms of 1905, which stated that the viceroy's council should

  2. The Hollywood Ten - House Un-American Activities Committee.

    with Boris Karloff; the anti-fascist Hitler's Children (1943); the noirs Murder, My Sweet (1944) and Cornered (1945), starring Dick Powell; and Crossfire (1947), one of the first Hollywood films to confront anti-Semitism. In 1948 Dmytryk became one of the "Hollywood Ten" when he was accused of having ties to the

  1. American Imperialist Ambition

    As a country the United States is one of the most powerful nations of the western hemisphere who is seeking the complete world supremacy to spread the spheres pf influence and gain power to benefit their people. Bush new administration seeks the total gaining of power by creating alliance partners

  2. A Bloody Revolt: The Kikuyu Reaction to Colonization

    This was because the British only managed to capture the political leadership of the Nairobi Central Committee, while the military leaders took refuge in the wilderness, and the military leaders encouraged local rebel committees to strike back. Eventually, the Nairobi Central Committee repopulated its senior ranks and by January 1953,

  1. Site visit to Hong Kongs Museum of Coastal Defense

    Contacts with the outside world, particularly with Japan, and foreign trade increased considerably. Yongle Emperor strenuously tried to extend China's influence beyond her borders by encouraging other rulers to send ambassadors to China to present tribute. The Chinese armies reconquered Annam and blocked Mongol expansionism, while the Chinese fleet sailed

  2. Introduction - US policy to Southeast Asia in general

    American aims of seeing an economically healthy France were being thwarted by her struggle against the Viet Minh nationalists in Indochina, which was damaging the economy and weakening the government. By 1952, the war was costing France twice as much as the amount of aid received by the Marshall plan.6There

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work