• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Joan of Arc Biography

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

French National Hero, Joan of Arc, who became a Saint of the Roman Catholic Church because of her great achievements. Joan was a simple farming peasant girl who rescued France from defeat in one of the darkest periods of the "Hundred years' war" with England. She led the French army to victory against the English in many battles and paved the way for the coronation of King Charles VII. Joan has become one of the most admired characters in European history. As France was struggling during the hundred years' war, a young peasant girl was born in the small town of Domrémy. Joan was born on January 6, 1412 (not known exactly), which was a very unstable time for France. The English and Burgundians ruled much of the country and France was suffering. The Royal Family was weak, the King was insane and defeat was not far away. Joan was born a peasant, however, she was to bring the French new inspiration and succeed in driving out the English. ...read more.

Middle

Joan inspired the French and she brought on a new hope by encouraging them that God was with them. Joan spoke little and did not like big meetings and crowds, which she avoided as much as possible. Her soldiers admired her honesty and simplicity and she enjoyed speaking with them. Although she was not trained in warfare, she gave orders as a leader. It was these characteristics that brought success in the battles fought. Guided by her voices, she led the French army in a momentous victory at Orleans, which had been under siege for eight months. The fighting was furious and inspired by Joan, as the French Army pushed the English out of Orleans. The battle Joan became known as the "Maid of Orleans". She continued to lead the army in a victorious battle in Patay, and succeeded in at last opening the road to Rheims where the coronation for King Charles the VII was held. ...read more.

Conclusion

She was soon sold to the English and brought to Rouen were she was held captive. Her soldiers grieved yet King Charles VII made no effort to come to her rescue. In the court of Rouen, Joan was tried for witchcraft and heresy. After months of interrogation, Joan was tricked into confessing. However she quickly retracted her confession and was then condemned. Her judges declared her visions Satanic and on May 30, 1431 Joan was burned at the Stake in the marketplace in Rouen. However, that was not the last of Joan. In 1456 a second trial was held and she was declared innocent of the charges against her. In 1475, King Louis XI signed a treaty with England and the Hundred years' war was finally over. Joan's place in history is assured. She never lived to see the victory she earned; however, as the years went by, Joan became known as France's national heroine and statues and monuments have been put up all over France in her memory and honor. In 1920, Joan was canonized and became known as Saint Joan of Arc, a title she well deserved. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Historical Periods section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Historical Periods essays

  1. The Pendle Witches - A Story of Witchcraft and Revenge

    Demdike immediately confessed to her evil deeds, and claimed that the devil had sucked her blood and driven her mad. All four of the accused were sent to Lancaster Gaol until trial. Shortly afterwards, it was reported to the authorities that there had been a gathering at Malkin Tower, the home of Old Demdike, on Good Friday.

  2. The Third English Civil War

    organized regiments under Royalist officers and with no regular army in front of him. He hoped, too, to rally not merely the old faithful Royalists, but also the overwhelming numerical strength of the English Presbyterians to his standard. His army was kept well in hand, no excesses were allowed, and

  1. The First English Civil War

    Lord Fairfax of Cameron and his son Sir Thomas Fairfax, who commanded for the Parliament in Yorkshire, had to retire to the district between Hull and Selby, and Newcastle was now free to turn his attention to the Puritan "clothing towns" of the West Riding, Leeds, Halifax and Bradford.

  2. Assess the factors that lead to the defeat of Boudica and the Iceni in ...

    In a move that proved to be crucial to the achievement of Roman victory Suetonius chose a good geographical position in which to place his troops. In order to mitigate the Celts numerical superiority he chose to place his troops in a narrow gorge that widened to an open plain.

  1. William's Victory

    The Bishop of Amiens describes William as '...the humble and God-fearing duke...' which explains Williams' belief in his faith. Fourthly, the skill of the Norman army proved to be of huge importance to their conquest. The Norman's feint fooled the English twice, breaking their shield wall of defence.

  2. Roman Army

    right wing nature of ancient societies made sure that expansion abroad was high on the political agenda. "It has already become clear that in various ways Rome's small town Republican constitution was - for all the famous 'balance' between the classes, stressed by the Greek historian Polybius - unfitted for imperial responsibilities.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work