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Legacy of Communist Leaders - Twentieth Century Russian History

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Legacy of Communist Leaders. The History of modern Russia (twentieth century) is the period of communist government. After the revolution in 1917 Russia became the first communist state, which survived until 1991. Seventy-four years of rapid changes left an enormous mark in the history of Russia. This period of history introduced us to the greatest communist leaders. History doesn't happen by itself. There must be Individuals who make it. And in our history those individuals are Lenin, Stalin, Khrushchev, Brezhnev, Gorbachev and Yeltsin. To understand how this period of history affected the present and then future we must look at each leader at a time to see what were his purposes and actions and make an opinion. Before 1917 Russia was an empire with tsars from Romanov dynasty. It was a powerful Empire with some weaknesses, which each empire has. Before the revolution in 1917 there was the First Russian Revolution in 1905 knows as the Bloody Sunday. There were three parties - Social-Democratic Labour Party (1898), Party Socialist-Revolutionaries and the Constitutional-Democratic Party. The Social-Democratic Labour Party split into two half: The Bolsheviks (Majority) led by Vladimir Lenin and The Mensheviks (Minority) led by Martov. Vladimir Lenin (born in 1840) began his political career already in University from which he was expelled as a radical troublemaker. In 1890 he went abroad and joined The Marxists - Plekhanov and Martov. He traveled a lot and had a chance to talk to well educated people. ...read more.


After his death in 1953 began the Khrushchev Era. The period from the mid 1950 to mid 1960is the time when Khrushchev was the leader of Russia. This period is characterized as the time of Destalinisation. A time for people to have rest. Khrushchev is known for his housing constitution. He understood that it is not right to live in one flat for several families. So he started to build five-floor houses, which provided comfortable flats for people. Khrushchev served as the first secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) from 1953- 1964 and Soviet Prime Minister from 1958- 1964. He was aiming to increase in agricultural output, raise standards of living and reorganize the party. Virgin Lands occurred during this period. This was an opportunity for people to go away from all problems, to work. But again, it was more based upon collective work and not individualization. It is the period of Cultural Thaw. Socialist Realism was still questioned bit still dominated. Foreign policy under Khrushchev was peaceful. Began cooperation with the Third World and Non- Allied movements (India, Egypt, Cuba, Yugoslavia). The Berlin Wall was established. The legacy of Khrushchev as a Communist leader is very important as it gave a chance to people to have a break, to start live again with no fear and with a smile on their faces. ...read more.


1993 - Yeltsin Constitution (Election of first Federal Assembly of Russia and referendum to ratify Russian Constitution). The Chechnya War began in 1993. It is still going and at the present time it seems as if there is no end. In 1998 there was the August crisis that led to inflation and fall of economy. It is hard to talk about the legacy if his Era because it just ended and we will understand the meaning of it later. The Legacy of Communist Leaders is enormous. If we take a look at the Lenin's and Stalin's Era we will see straight away that people were living in a constant feeling of fear and uncertainty of what will happen next. Beginning from Khrushchev's Era and Brezhnev's the country started to move away from the communism system. It happened very slowly but the fact that it started is obvious. The mentality of Soviet people will remain for some time. Our country will not accept individualities because they are afraid of them. And I think it is not only in Russia. It is everywhere. The Communist system stopped the natural development of our country. We are far away behind the European countries. The Ideology of communism is amazing but it cannot work on such huge territory as Russia. Utopia is not possible in our world and it is strange how the communist leaders could even think of realizing their dreams. Individuals rule world and you cannot admit it. You cannot force history. No matter what it will go its own way, direction. ...read more.

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