• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Lenin and his life

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Lenin It has been said, by Winston Churchill no less, that "The Russian people's worst misfortune was his birth; their next was his death." There is much truth in this statement, because Churchill was able to see that as Lenin matured, so did his policies, and these lead to improving conditions for the Russian people. As Lenin matured as a leader, so did his policies; as Lenin died his policies died with him. When Lenin first found himself with power over the Soviets, he was in a Civil war, and from such a situation arose War Communism. Over time however, Lenin was able to see the flaws of this policy and had the maturity to admit that he may have made a mistake. From this the New Economic Policy was born, and conditions in Russia improved immensely. However, Stalin did not have such a capacity to see error, and reverted to pure communism, undoing all of the good work that Lenin had finally managed to achieve. Before Lenin can be seen as the leader of Russia under the Bolshevik party, we must see Lenin as an opportunist. He was ruthless in all of his dealings, and capitalised on every opportunity that came knocking. He used the conditions in Russia at the time, namely the fear and despair created by Germany in WWI. ...read more.

Middle

He had faced opposition from outside of what he controlled, and defeated it, yet he had not even begun to look at things within his power. The efforts of both the White Army and the Red Army had seen the peasants of Russia hard pressed for both food and new recruits. This pressure manifested itself in the Tambov Rebellion, amongst the peasants, and even more so in the Kronstadt Rebellion of March 1921. The rebellion in the military barracks full of some of his most loyal supporters had a shocking effect on Lenin. It was here that Lenin realised that: This peculiar situation demands of us an ability to adopt ourselves...(Russian Revolution. Lenin in October 1917 [www]) This is the time when Lenin realised that his revolution had created a new kind of peasant in Russia, one that was previously politically oblivious for so long, but had been thrown into the throes of political awareness (Russian Revolution. Lenin in October 1917 [www]). Lenin had shown them that they had the power to get what they wanted, and had started on the path to get what Lenin had promised them in the beginning: "Land, Bread, Peace". It was this realisation, this development in maturity that led Lenin to create and introduce the New Economic Policy in the hopes of giving the peasants what they wanted, while staying in power and driving Russia towards true communism. ...read more.

Conclusion

suffering of the Russian people, and a return to the neglect of a leader who did not have the depth of character to see his own flaws. Over fifty years the Russian people have achieved much, and endured much. An industrial transformation in history from Lenin's victory of the civil war to a personal freedom that was greater than at any time under Tsar Nicholas." (Welles ,O. Ten days that shook the world [Video]) This was Lenin's life. He had achieved this for the Russian people while he was alive. However, with his death, the years of suffering and tragedies became for naught, and very soon the peasants of Russia were once again locked in a perpetual stranglehold with no means of escape. In his lifetime, Lenin had proved that he was a wise leader, who had great depth of character. It has been said that "a wise communist will not be afraid of learning from a capitalist". (Lenin's NEP [www]) Lenin proved that he was both very wise and brave, for embracing aspects of capitalism while still retaining his overriding ideals. He was one of the only leaders in history that was able to create policies that suited his people, not who tried to change his people to suit his policies, and for this he will always be remembered as a unique man, who led a people to a new level of freedom, albeit it short lived. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Stalins Russia, 1924-53 revision guide

    the peasants should be treated more vigorously and forced to produce more. * Lenin's political Testament was 'shelved'; it was not made public and quietly ignored. Why had Stalin amassed such power by 1924? * People's Commissar for Nationalities 1917.

  2. The Significance of Lenin in the Bolshevik Revolution (1917-1923)

    They set bad examples by drinking and taking drugs. The fact that there were many different groups within the White Army led to fighting within the troops. Disagreements over political beliefs meant that many quarrels broke out giving an unfriendly atmosphere amongst soldiers. For example, Tsarists who had a completely different agenda to Revolutionaries found it hard to work together.

  1. During his lifetime, Lenin made many important decisions and policies which affected every citizen ...

    Although the April Theses consisted of four main points, its effect on the population was widespread and it was a positive impact for almost everyone. Every point in the theses was exactly what everyone wanted to hear and it helped to build support for the Bolsheviks.

  2. Lenin and the Bolshevik revolution.

    role for himself if he held out for a joint congress of the Bolsheviks and Mezhraionsty. Still, by early June, only a month after his return, Trotsky and Lenin were co-operating in the preparation of demonstrations denouncing the "Ten Capitalist Ministers".

  1. Assess the Impact Lenin Had On Russia and Its People Lenin was a great ...

    Thus, thousands of workers became unemployed. Now these workers could not even buy any food because they had no income. The state in Russia was going to get even worse if there was nothing drastic done. Lenin and the Bolsheviks opposed the war and they told the public that they wanted the war to be ended

  2. AS Level Edexcel History Spain 1931-33 Revision Notes

    Anti-clericalism was growing. Attacks on Church property and burning of churches and nunneries were common and, even through the hostility, the Bishops never made a move towards connecting with the workers and peasants. As a result of this radical governments of 1931-33 passed many anti-church laws.

  1. 1798 Irish Rebellion notes

    Around 50,000 rebels were involved in the uprising. 5. The four main centres of violence were central Leinster, eastern Ulster, County Wexford, and Connacht, the latter largely as a response to a French landing at Killala Bay, County Mayo, in late August.

  2. Compare the characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin.

    Th whites aim was to defeat the Bolsheviks. The Whites had the advantage of support from foreign powers suh as Britain, France, Japan and the USA, along with several other countries. Their governments did not want to see Bolshevism spread out in Europe.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work