• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Lenin and Stalin

Extracts from this document...


Sam Gunningham DEPTH STUDY B: Russia 1905 - 1941 Assignment A: 1. Compare the characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin 2. Assess the impact Lenin had on Russia and the Russian People 3. Assess the impact Stalin had on Russia and the Russian People 4. Who was the more important figure in Russian history, Lenin or Stalin? Lenin and Stalin had many similarities, yet there were vast and fundamental differences between their personalities and ideas about communism. Lenin was from a middle class background, was highly educated, and very intelligent and intellectual. On the other hand, Stalin was from a working class background. He was never educated to a high standard, was not a refined intellectual, and often did the dirty work for the party and faced numerous punishments in his revolutionary years; this made him strong, tough tactful, and with a feeling of revenge and hated. Despite being pushed back many times, Lenin returned to Russia from exile in 1917, after the Tsar had been overthrown, and led the November revolution. ...read more.


Stalin wanted Russia to become one of the most industrialised countries in the world, and the NEP was increasing the peasant's wealth not the states. Lenin's NEP, which was considered to be anti-communist by some actually gave more equality to the peasants, whereas Stalin's grain selling to other countries policy was more of a large form of capitalism. Lenin had been responsible for the November revolution and the Bolshevik seizing of power. If it wasn't for Lenin, them Russia probably would not have become the USSR as we knew it, and the whole of the post WWI history would have been changed. This is a large impact for one person to have on a country, especially one the size of Russia. In introducing communism, Lenin had been responsible for many changes. However, the way that Lenin was ruling the country was not dissimilar to the way the old Tsar had ruled. Like the Tsar, Lenin ruled by force and terror: he used the secret police to maintain power. ...read more.


His paranoid purges caused more terror amongst his people. Stalin also helped to bring down the iron curtain, which had a tremendous effect on the Russian people. Stalin stopped the NEP, and brought about the five point plans and collectivised farming. This turned transformed Russia into a powerful industrial nation, but the people suffered greatly, and the quality of goods was low. Both Lenin and Stalin were massive figures in Russian history, but who was greater? Stalin ruled for many years longer than Lenin, and his politics were more extreme: he had more people killed, and he was more widely feared. Stalin had realized his dream, in a way, of turning Russia into a rich industrialised nation, if you believe that the end justifies the means. During his lifetime, Stalin's propaganda made sure that he was the most important figure in Russian history: he was trying to portray himself as a god. However, I believe that Lenin was a more important figure, because he actually started the revolution. Lenin had brought Russia into communism and Stalin had just continued it - whatever Stalin had done, it would not have been possible if it weren't for Lenin. Information Wrom: EXCAXZOWCONEUQZAAFXISHJEXXIMQZUIVOTQNQEMSFDULHPQQWOYIYZUNNYCGPKY ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Compare the characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin Both Vladimir Lenin and Joseph ...

    features: an amazingly fresh and pink face, a little reddish beard, slightly jutting cheek-bones, eyes horizontal but apparently slanted because of the laughter lines, a grey-green gaze at people, and a surpassing air of geniality and cheerful malice..". J. Laver (Coursework Booklet) Stalin was a very unforgiving and untrusting man.

  2. .Compare the Characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin. Lenin and Stalin had many ...

    This shows his evil character. "Death solves all problems. No man, no problem". This again illustrates murder poses no problem for Stalin. In terms of their beliefs both believed in Marxism. Marx saw Capitalism as wrong and history as a process of change. They therefore both believed in violent revolution by the workers after which the means of production would be for every ones benefit and shared (Communism).

  1. Causes of show trials + purges of 1930s.

    known as 'The Case of the Anti-Soviet Trotskyist Centre.'[49] After a short and submissive trial, thirteen of the defendants were shot, while the four others received ten year prison sentences.[50] In the interim between the second and third major show trials, a secret trial was held to regulate the Red Army.

  2. Compare the Characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin

    Both Lenin and Stalin were strong minded and determined leaders with the target of changing Russia to a complete communist country. They both seized power through revolution but unlike Lenin, Stalin used ruthless methods to gin power after Lenin's death, for example the removal of the prospective leader Trotsky from a the leadership line-up.

  1. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    2. Once peasants had been organised into state farms, it was easier to bombard them with propaganda. 3. Peasants more likely to be literate. 4. Party likely to have had more success in influencing those in towns and cities, where an increasing number of party members were trained as organisers of meetings in factories.

  2. Compare the characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin.

    A nother difference to add to this list is that Lenin proved to be a very good speaker, evidence for this is when he made that speech demanding for various conditions, later it became known as the April Theses. Lenin argued that there should be a second revolution ( socialist revolution ), but obviously determined.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work