• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'Lenin leadership was the most important factor in the Bolshevik triumph in 1917.' Discuss

Extracts from this document...


'Lenin leadership was the most important factor in the Bolshevik triumph in 1917.' Discuss The country of Russia faced many problems before and after the fall of the Tsarist regime, and some of those still existed after the fall of the Tsarist Regime in Russia. The main problems that faced the Tsar Nicholas II, were extreme poverty for most of the population of Russia and the redemption payments that peasants that the peasants faced. Also there was no freedom of speech and there was a growing sense of nationalism. The effects of the First World War, added to the anxiety and suffering of the Russian people. It also brought food shortages, death and destruction, loss of arable land and there was a low morale in the army, which finally caused the collapse of Tsarist Russia. ...read more.


Lenin also summed up the solutions to Russia's problems in his slogan: 'Peace, Bread, Land.' The people of Russia wanted peace, and many soldiers deserted from the frontline, with the figure reaching as high as 2 million desertions. Many of the soldiers were returning home, because the peasants back home were seizing land, and as many of the soldiers were peasants, they were eager to get their share of the land. The Provisional Government had set up a Land Commission, which had the objective of redistributing the land, but the Land Commission was dominated by mostly landowners, who were not particularly keen on land reform. Also Lenin had no particular policy on land and just adopted the SR's, to gain the support of the peasants and this caused a division in the SRs. ...read more.


Lenin used the advantage of his small group, who were well disciplined and very loyal. The key positions were seized by the Bolshevik Red Guard units, who were under direction of the Military Revolutionary committee, which was co-ordinated by Trotsky. The Bolsheviks took Petrograd in 3 days, because they faced very little resistance. The success of the Bolshevik Party was determined by many factors, such as the failure of the provisional Government to govern the country and its weaknesses in dealing with threats such as the Kornliov Coup. Also the Bolshevik party itself was well organised and well disciplined, due to the tactics of leader. The involvement of Trotsky in the October Revolution was crucial as he held a key position in the Petrograd Soviet. All these factors did contribute to the Bolshevik success, but in my opinion, without Lenin's influential leadership skills, tactics and organisation of the Bolshevik party, the Bolsheviks could not have gained power in October 1917. By Hyder Mushtaq ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Explain how the effects of the First World War caused the collapse of the ...

    4 star(s)

    The Bolsheviks were going to seize power. Another way in which the unpopularity of the Provisional Government and Lenin's leadership worked together to help the Bolsheviks seize power was the support they had. The Provisional Government had no support. On the other hand, the Bolsheviks had the support of the army, the workers and the peasants.

  2. Lenin and the Bolshevik revolution.

    There were, in October, 15-20,000 Red Guards in Petrograd and between 10,000 and 15,000 in Moscow. Their numbers nationwide at the time of the revolution have been estimated at 70-100,000. Poorly trained and armed, they were a much less formidable force than either the sailors or the garrison troops, but the Bolsheviks nonetheless considered them to be an important asset.

  1. Russia 1905-1941 'Explain how the unpopularity of the Provisional Government contributed to the Bolshevik ...

    However, Lenin did stand up and take control and in so doing gave the people a leader. Lenin had excellent leadership skills because he was able to give confidence to ordinary Russians to stand up and fight for what they believed in.

  2. Goebbels was more influential than Himmler. Discuss

    His relationship with Hitler enabled him to influence others through use of his campaigns as this included refusals to pay reparations, and most significantly, overcome the economic corruption that was closely attributed to the Jewish population. In comparison to Goebbels, Himmler was the Reich Fuhrer of the SS and Hitler's

  1. Evaluate the role of lenins leadership in the success of the bolshevik revolution of ...

    group, Lenin proved to be a skilled political thinker, however, his interpretation of Marxist work differed from the rest of the social democrats, He believed that a Revolutionary party could only be achieved through restricted membership to professional revolutionaries and that the Bourgeois stage of revolution could be skipped, he

  2. The significance of Lenin in the Bolshevik Revolution (1917-1923).

    Gregory Zinoviev, another Bolshevik leader helped with the 1905 revolution by joining in the organisation of it. Zinoviev worked with Lenin and Kamenev while in exile to produce many propaganda magazines and pamplets.Lev Kamenev toured Russia making many propaganda speeches, he was also responsible for the railway strike in St.Petersberg during the 1905 revolution.

  1. How important was the Bolshevik threat to Tsardom during the reign of Nicholas II?

    in debate and seemed impressed by the machinery of democracy, as well as similar positive appraisal of the United States congress on an official visit to the United States as Tsarevitch, Nicholas turned his back on any notion of giving away any power to elected representatives in Russia.

  2. How important was the Bolshevik threat to Tsardom in the reign of Nicholas II

    in great poverty and very poor conditions, ?Excrement was simply set in piles in the backyards and collected by workers at night? (Waller, S. 2009). Consequently, this consolidation of migrant workers into urban areas and subsequent despondency gave those opposed to the Tsar a broader base to communicate their ideas.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work