• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Lenin's leadership was the main reason why the Bolsheviks were able to seize power in October 1917. Discuss this view (50)

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Danial Alam ?Lenin?s Leadership was the main reason for the success of the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917? How far do you agree? The Bolsheviks, under the leadership of Vladimir Lenin managed to overturn the Provisional Government making the October Revolution the second of the year. The strengths of the Bolshevik party, including figures like Leon Trotsky as well the weaknesses of Kerensky were both important factors that led to the Bolshevik Revolution. Lenin?s role in the revolution was vital; however, Lenin would have been unable to seize power in October if it were not for the most crucial factor that caused the Revolution which was the failures of the Provisional Government. Lenin?s charisma, his orating skills and his determination to take power was a key component to the success of the Bolshevik revolution. Lenin boosted the Bolshevik popularity and reached out to the peasants by means of the April Theses, where he spoke of ?Peace, bread and land?. Lenin?s April Theses reached out to the Russian people and separated the Bolsheviks from the Provisional Government and the socialist parties that chose to cooperate with Kerensky?s government. ...read more.

Middle

Trotsky managed to convince Lenin to wait until the All-Russian Congress of Soviets before the revolution as when the other parties stormed out the Bolsheviks had a majority; allowing to claim power in the name of the Soviet, the true demands of the people of Russia. As well as this, Trotsky?s planning and the formation of the Military Revolutionary Committee gave the Bolsheviks the means to strike and seize the Winter Palace. Although important, the successes of the Bolsheviks were mainly due to the failures of the Provisional Government and other socialist parties; the Red Guard could not have been armed if it not for the failure of Kerensky in the Kornilov affair. Therefore, the revolution was not solely the success of the Bolsheviks, but they were willing to take action once the failures of the Government and the socialist parties had put them in a position to do so. Kerensky?s poor decisions played into the Bolsheviks hands and strengthened the putting them in a position to act against the Provisional Government in October. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Provisional Government?s decision to continue the war was detrimental to its failure. It crippled the Russian economy, soldiers no longer wanted to fight the War as casualties were in the millions and the debacle of the Milukov telegram that contradicted the statement that Russia would only fight a defensive war further damaged the integrity of the Provisional Government and the socialist parties that supported the Provisional Government and left the Bolsheviks as the only party opposed to the War. Because of these actions the Provisional Government had few supporters by October 1917 and its mistakes gave the Bolsheviks the opportunity to strike in October. Although Lenin played a key role in forcing through the October Revolution, it is evident that the main reason why the October Revolution occurred was not the successes of the Bolsheviks and Lenin but that the failures of the Provisional Government and Kerensky gave the Bolsheviks the opportunity and ability to start a revolution as by October the Provisional Government was loathed and the socialist parties were not unified like the Bolsheviks were, this left the Bolsheviks in the position to seize power which Lenin and the Bolsheviks took advantage of in October 1917. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. "Why were the Bolsheviks able to seize power in Oct/Nov of 1917

    It simply gave them land, which was all that they wanted - another failure by the Provisional Government which proves just how weak it was.

  2. Assess the view that the failures of the Congress of Vienna outweighed the successes.

    'I can reign without ministers.'12 This distaste for constitutions among the eastern powers was further shown by Russia, Prussia and Austria all refusing to adopt one. Thus, the statesmen did make some provisions for liberalism, but the reactionary attitudes of Russia and Austria, can be considered a failure of the settlement, and hence provides some support of the view.

  1. Lenin and the Bolshevik revolution.

    who could see an additional reason for moving the capital to Moscow or elsewhere. In so doing, they felt, they would be freeing the government from the stranglehold of the radicalized soldiers and workers. Naturally, the radicalized workers dreaded the prospect of the removal of the seat of government, especially

  2. Why were the Bolsheviks able to seize power in October 1917?

    The Provisional Government did nothing amount the deteriorating economy, there were food shortages and rising prices. This radicalised workers who would eventually contribute to the Bolshevik takeover. Another contribution were the mistakes by Kerensky. In June 1917 he launched a new offensive against Germany that was a huge failure.

  1. Why were the Bolsheviks able to seize power successfully in November 1917?

    These riots showed unhappiness in Russia. But maybe most importantly Lenin escaped, allowing him to eventually plan the oust of the Provisional government. Finally the succession of events of the November 1917 revolution. As the Bolsheviks had people like Lenin, professional revolutionaries, the Bolsheviks used some very clever tactics.

  2. The Bolsheviks were able to seize power in October 1917 mainly because of the ...

    This gave them the money to mount their publicity campaigns. The provisional government were formed on the 2nd of March after the abdication of the Tsar as a result of the February revolution; they had the job of ruling Russia until a Constituent Assembly could be formed.

  1. Lenins leadership was the main reason for the success of the Bolshevik Revolution in ...

    Crucially, Lenin outlined that he wanted to abandon all co-operation with other parties and overthrow the Provisional Government. In doing this, the Bolshevik Party disassociated itself with the failures of the government to deal with food and land issues, as well as the continuing of the war with Germany.

  2. How far do you agree with the view that Lenins leadership was the main ...

    The policies had some appeal to everyone in society, and they were therefore more likely to gain support than other political parties. Lenin was responsible for this because he led the initiative, and was responsible for delivering the party?s ideas.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work