• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Lenins leadership was the main reason for the success of the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917. How far do you agree?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

?Lenin?s leadership was the main reason for the success of the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917?. How far do you agree? The Bolsheviks were able to seize power in 1917 for a variety of contributing factors. The weaknesses of the Provisional Government brought forward by their inability to deal with land and food issues, and their failure to end the war, made them unpopular and distrusted amongst the Russian people. Lenin?s ability to capitalise on the Provisional Government?s mistakes and ability to inspire and drive his party undoubtedly was also detriment to Bolshevik success. Alternatively, one could argue that other factors such as the Kornilov revolt and the part played by Trotsky, contributed to the success of the Bolsheviks. Although Lenin was a great orator and had the ability to inspire others in a united course, his leadership was not the most important factor contributing to Bolshevik success. Lenin acted as a trigger, capitalizing on the faults of the Provisional Government; Lenin promised ?peace, bread and land?, the three things the Provisional Government had failed to provide. Lenin?s leadership was pivotal in the success of the Bolsheviks. He was a dedicated, determined and capable leader. ...read more.

Middle

One of the major weaknesses of the Provisional Government was its lack of credibility and authority. For the masses of Russian people the government did not bring any immediate change. They were unable to distinguish themselves from the Tsar?s government; in fact many in the government were also in the government of the Tsar including the leader Prince Lvov, Milyukov, leader of the Kadets and Kerensky, war minister. Association with the Tsar made them unpopular and distrusted from the start. The Soviets had a better claim to legitimacy as they had been formed from representatives of the workers; an idea that the Bolsheviks used as a vehicle to gain legitimate power. The weaknesses of the Provisional Government was the main reason for Bolshevik success. Their political and social failures ultimately allowed Lenin and the Bolsheviks the opportunity to gain popularity amongst the industrial and peasant classes, whilst destroying the reputation of those parties affiliated with them. Had the Provisional Government been able to end the war and re-establish command over the army, then they would have been able to restore order in Petrograd and arrest the Bolsheviks, alike what Kornilov attempted. Another aspect contributing to the Provisional Government?s failure was the decisions made by their Prime Minister, Kerensky. ...read more.

Conclusion

Although, Trotsky?s role was important to Bolshevik success, it can be deemed a contributing factor. If it were not for the inability of provisional Government to provide its own, reliable military the MRC would have been largely ineffective. Similarly, the weaknesses of the Soviet in allowing Trotsky and the Bolsheviks to dominate can all be considered the underlying factors. Undoubtedly Lenin?s leadership was detriment to Bolshevik success, his ability to inspire and unite the Bolsheviks created a new breed of politician: utterly self-confident, scornful of all other parties and ideas and totally loyal to their leader, without him the party may never have been able to fully capitalise on the mistakes made by the Provisional Government, under Kamenev?s leadership they may have merged with Mensheviks and been consigned to the ?garbage heap of history?. The effect of the Kornilov Revolt and the role of Trotsky are contributing factors to the October Revolution. However, the underlying reason for the success of the Bolsheviks is the failures of the Provisional Government. Their inability to address Russia?s problems gave Lenin and the Bolsheviks the opportunity to gain the support of not only the people of Petrograd, but of Russia. Lenin?s role was a trigger factor, capitalising on the government?s mistakes and seizing the opportunity provided. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Reasons for Napoleon's Success (to 1807).

    * Training, to the modern way of thinking, was of the slightest for the new recruit, and continued to follow the programme, intended to combine enthusiasm with discipline, laid down for the Revolution armies in the early 1790s. A week in the home base, a hardening-off march of 50 or

  2. Lenin and the Bolshevik revolution.

    Statistical evidence can easily be provided which demonstrates that the Bolshevik popularity grew as a result (if not actually proportion to) this increasing unity of interest between the party and the groups to which it was appealing. In view of the fact that no attempt is being made to present

  1. How far can the October revolution be considered a popular revolution?

    came to realize that still many of their demands were not being carried out: an end to the Russian war effort, the calling up of the Constituent Assembly, and a solution to the land issue. By failing to solve these problems, or at least to initiate some kind of action,

  2. Assess Lenins strengths and weaknesses as leader of Russia from 1917 to 1924.

    Lenin was pragmatic; a utopian thinker, but one who was able to adjust his policies in the interests of political survival.

  1. How far do you agree that WW1 was mainly responsible for the February Revolution ...

    Russia was nowhere near as militarily modernised as the other European powers, but the Tsar continued fighting an increasingly hopeless war with a huge social cost at his disposal; the lives of millions of men. The endless military defeats throughout the whole war campaign drained the initial patriotic morale of

  2. How far was the Provisional Government of Russia doomed from the start?

    While the government survived this incident it gave their enemy?s something to critise and they lost much of their credibility from the soldiers and workers. The government was also faced with a crumbling economic situation, food shortages had swept across Russia due to the number of men at war, there

  1. To what extent was Lenin the key to the Bolshevik success of 1917? ...

    Another individual also participated in the Bolshevik success and this was Trotsky, Lenin?s right hand man.

  2. The Bolsheviks were able to seize power in October 1917 mainly because of the ...

    This was very important in alienating the rank and file members of the soviet, who felt they were being ignored. This was an advantage to the Bolsheviks, whose support in the soviet was weak at the beginning of 1917, and provided an opportunity they were to make good use of after July.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work