• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Levels of Literacy in France during seventeenth-century French absolutism under Louis XIV and during the reign of Louis XVI immediately before the French Revolution of 1789

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Levels of Literacy in France during seventeenth-century French absolutism under Louis XIV and during the reign of Louis XVI immediately before the French Revolution of 1789 During the reign of Louis XIV, the French society was divided into three estates. Ninety-Seven percent of the population of France did not have many rights. They were excluded from any type of decision-making in governmental issues. The increase in the levels of literacy let the French citizens express their interests, literacy would allow the French to become more intelligent. From 1689 to 1789 France was the most powerful nation in Europe at the time. France was admired throughout Europe. They were admired and known for having one of the strongest and most powerful armies in all of Europe. There then was a division in France's society. ...read more.

Middle

Less than twenty percent of women in mostly the northern region were literate in the sixteenth-century. Before the French Revolution the percentage of women literacy increased in the next century. But almost all of the women in the south remained illiterate. Most of the French peasants, which was a population of over eighty percent did not need to have reading and/or writing skills. Less than twenty percent of the villages in the south had schools, and also a teacher. The villages in the south could not afford schools. The southern French villages in 1789 were poor. The villages in the north were a lot more wealthy than the villages in the south. They were able to afford schooling and teachers. They had better soil and their villages were neater and more organized. ...read more.

Conclusion

The increase of literacy of the people created a revolutionary situation. A French bishop wrote a letter mentioning that education will help people get out of poverty. School will educate the children things such as learning how to read and write and engaging in commerce. This will allow the children to pull themselves out of poverty and get a good job. The education of the French peasants, women and others would be limited on their occupations. The superintendents of schools in France wanted to stop the spread of literacy. The skill of reading and/or writing spread and increased in France From the year 1689. The peasants, women, artisans understand their place and can possibly read about being in a different social class. They were able to have revolutionary writers and they could spread and express their ideas. Reading and writing became the reason for success in the French revolution. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Major Causes of French Revolution

    4 star(s)

    However, the important aspect was the economy couldn't provide decent living conditions for the people. Anger towards the 'well-off' spread. "Hatred grows more bitter and the state is divided into two classes: the greedy and the insensitive, and the murmuring malcontents"8 France's system of government was still the absolute system

  2. 'The French Revolution was directed by the middle class.' How valid is this comment ...

    Many agreed with the aims of the bourgeois and the Assembly, and many did not want to overthrow the Assembly when they were benefiting well from the changes taking place. The peasants, for example, did not wholly agree with what was happening in France, but they did not attempt to

  1. Was the French Revolution a success or a failure for France?

    Now, as with every revolution ushered by the unchecked public rage instead of calculated and planned objectives, the French Revolution was at the same time a success and a failure. In so far as the establishment of democracy is concerned, the French Revolution was, no doubt, a great success for

  2. In the process of consolidating his position, Napoleons reforms, had by 1808, destroyed the ...

    Under the Civil Code, the abolition of feudalism was confirmed - the financial or work obligations imposed on the peasantry by landowners. In the elimination of this, the gap between the rich landowners and the poor peasantry was bridged; and therefore, equality was recognised.

  1. Why did the French Revolution end in 1799?

    The peasantry had suffered the most pain and turmoil of all the classes. They lived in poverty and although some of them had been able to purchase land with the new policies of the government, for the most part they to had not achieved any victories during the Revolution.

  2. How successful was Louis XVIII as the King of France?

    Therefore the reign of Louis XVIII would be very different to that of any other previous French monarch The reintroduction of the Bourbon Dynasty and the introduction of the charter divided France. The Ultra-royalists were very much in favour of the King and the powers he should have, whereas the

  1. Notes and Reading on the causes of the French Revolution.

    Unpopular for their authoritarian ways 6. 13 parlements 7. Paris jurisdiction 1/3 of France 8. Selling of offices How France was arranges socially 1. Buying and selling of privileges 2. Clergy 3. Nobles 4. Kingdoms lacks of uniformity obvious structure of privileges 5.

  2. The French Revolution Broke Out Because Of a Shortage of Bread Discuss.

    The middle class did not like the fact that the aristocrats were getting all the top jobs in the government and the armed forces either. They expressed their opinions through pamphlets and newspapers, though the government soon banned this. New Ideas Louis XIV and Louis XV had fought many wars with England, but they had always been defeated.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work