• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Life on the home front during WW2.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

World War 2 started in early September 1939 and lasted until November 1945, for 6 years. Not everyone went to fight, but everyone helped in the 'war effort' in some way or other. In this project I am going to look at the way the war affected people at home and how they helped in the 'war effort.' Recruitment Conscription was put into effect from the start of World War 2, unlike in World War 1. When war was declared on 3rd September, all men between 18-40 were conscripted, with the exception of certain important professions. But just as important as the soldiers were the air-raid wardens and home guard. Air-raid wardens had to make sure people were prepared for attack, had a gas mask and an air-raid shelter nearby Meanwhile the Home Guard helped protect the country against invaders. ...read more.

Middle

Rationing The food situation in World War 2 gradually worsened as the German u-boats sank the merchant ships. By 1940 the situation was very bad and the country introduced rationing on the 5th January, each person was allowed a small amount of butter, meat and bread. Children were given a small bottle of milk at school and concentrated orange juice was available for the very young. Each household would cultivate their gardens for vegetables, and in some areas commons and public grounds were ploughed up for the staple foods such as wheat, oats and barley. As the U-boats were sunk and the situation was relieved somewhat the food from the prairies of North America and Canada helped enormously, though the rationing of food and clothing remained for some years after the war. Evacuation On the 1st September 1939, even before Britain went to war with Germany, the first Evacuation began. ...read more.

Conclusion

The blackout came into force on 1st September 1939. This was an attempt to stop the German bombers seeing their targets, and involved every source of light being put out. The air-raid precautions were looked after by air-raid wardens who were a major factor in Britain's relatively successful defense o the Blitz. Propaganda and Censorship As in World War 1, propaganda mainly targeted men, persuading them to join the army. However there were also a lot of posters aimed at women, asking them to work and not to waste food. Censorship in the war was very high as The Ministry of Information was very concerned about German spies. Newspapers and radio were told to concentrate on British heroism not true facts. In conclusion life on the home front was very difficult in the time of war, with the Blitz, and food shortages. But British Bulldog Spirit helped pull the British through, and stop the Germans invading. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. British Domestic life During WW2.

    People missed their families because they were either at war fighting, or they had been evacuated. However the blitz ended in the summer of 1941 because the German bombers were needed in an offensive on the USSR. This meant that the bombing of the British cities lessened.

  2. The Home Front

    Now the unimaginable had happened. German U-boats had sunk one in four British merchant ships in the Atlantic Ocean. This was devastating. In April Britain only had six weeks' supply of wheat left. It was even thought that London's supplies were behind by a few days.

  1. The Home Front - source related study

    of women during the war was not particularly significant as otherwise they would have not risked being so nasty as this would have greatly lowered women's morale. The reliability of the Source also has to be questioned as it is not stated who took the photograph, when it was taken or what the purpose of taking it was.

  2. The home front (source based work) 1914 - 1918.

    3. Source D can be useful in helping me understand the importance of the work of women in industry during the First World War, as it shows us that women did work in the munitions factories to help their country win the war.

  1. Women and Work on the Home Front.

    It was not only the kinds of jobs that changed, but also the need for women to perform these jobs. Source A3 also describes the increase of women doing army driving by 1943 (80%). This could be down to the conscription of women, but other sources (like sources D2 and D3 from section D)

  2. The Home Front – Cambridge During World War II

    Some are more helpful than others, but from each of them I can learn something about the way in which Cambridge prepared for the effects of bombing. Source 'B' is the most helpful source of the three. It is helpful because it is a Newspaper article telling us ways in which Cambridge prepared for the effects of bombing.

  1. The Blitz

    food and resources, many other cartoon figures were drawn up as well to imply other messages and other scenarios, the worlds most famous scenario is the: "Care less talk costs lives" This literally meant that no matter where you are there maybe a spy behind your back, this was used

  2. What role did the media play in the war effort on the home front?

    It reassured the young with the soothing voice of 'Uncle Mac' (Derek McCullah). It also has humorous characters such as 'Larry the Lamb' and 'Dennis' the Dachshund. The aim of this programme was to make children forget about the war for a little while and have fun.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work