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Lloyd Georges fall from power in 1922 was the result of his own mistakes Discuss.

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Introduction

?Lloyd George?s fall from power in 1922 was the result of his own mistakes? David Lloyd George (LG) was credited as the ?man who won the war?, thus earning him a reputation with the British public of which the Conservatives thought they could use to their advantage. Lloyd George's personal popularity and support at the time was summed up by Bonar Law, who said "Lloyd George can be Prime Minister for life if he wants". Yet with Lloyd George gaining less than half the votes the strength of his coalition was already questioned. With Conservative MPs outnumbering Liberals, LG was in effect a PM without a party and a ?prisoner of the Conservatives?. In time both the Conservatives and Liberals were dissatisfied partly due to various financial and immoral scandals such as the Honours list. There were many reasons for his resignation at the famous meeting at the Carlton Club on 19 October 1922. His handling of the Irish Rising did much to damage his reputation with the electorate due to the atrocities committed by British forces. Furthermore, by nearly drawing Britain into another war over the Chanak incident, proved for many to be the final straw. ...read more.

Middle

Most famous and significant of them was the Honours scandal. The Honours list of July 1922 created a storm of disapproval and LG was accused of selling peerages and honours not least to individuals of questionable character and background such as Sir William Vesley (a tax evader). The Conservatives were enraged particularly with the face that their social club had been intruded with miscreants. The honours scandal also enraged King George who described it as a disgrace to the Crown. Furthermore, LG had not shared the funds collected from selling the honours with the Conservatives which angered them further. Although the issue was shocking, it was not surprising due to the notable reputation of LG. The scandal did much harm to LG?s reputation and the Conservatives no-longer regarded him as a vote winner and that the House of Lords was their house whose integrity must not be stained with the likes of the criminals on the honours list. Therefore, the scandal cost LG considerable support and severely damaged his reputation which had a key impact to his downfall. However, there were other external factors which contributed to the Lloyd George?s fall. ...read more.

Conclusion

Perhaps the timing of the Chanak incident was crucial as the Irish settlement had broken down and news of the Honours Scandal had begun to emerge. For many, Chanak was the final straw with the Conservatives calling a meeting at the Carlton Club on 19 Oct 1922, passing a motion in favour of fighting the next general election alone. Therefore, this shows that LG?s handling of foreign affairs cost him support and faith from both the electorate and more importantly the Conservatives which consequently led to his resignation in 1922. Overall, although there were several external factors which led to the downfall of Lloyd George such as the post war economic crisis and the fact that he did not have a political party of his own, certain key errors on his part cost him his leadership. Numerous scandals such as the Honours scandal severely damaged his reputation and lost him considerable support. His handling of foreign affairs such as the Irish Rising and more significantly Chanak further damaged his political base which was already fragile. Although he did consult cabinet on key issues such as Chanak, his political need to dominate events ? inherent in the nature of the coalition government ? meant that the policy was seen as his own and was blamed accordingly. ...read more.

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