• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

menhotep IV changed his name Akhenaten and began a revolutionary period in Egyptian history called the Amarna Period.[1] Although this period lasted only a relatively short time, it had a profound impact on Egyptian civilisation.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did Akhenaten, originally Amenhotep (IV), choose? Experts all over the world have been puzzled with this occurrence. Why did he do such an act, and how did this affect his power, the length of his reign and above all, his people. It amazes me that someone can turn his back on what his predecessors had done thousands of years before him; this essay has been created to show you an in-depth explanation on why Akhenaten chose monotheism over polytheism. Amenhotep IV changed his name Akhenaten and began a revolutionary period in Egyptian history called the Amarna Period.1 Although this period lasted only a relatively short time, it had a profound impact on Egyptian civilisation. The nature of Akhenaten's revolution is well established--he overthrew Egyptian polytheism in favour of the worship of a single god, Aten, but the reason behind it is still unknown. ...read more.

Middle

Akhenaten introduced a new religion to Egypt. Akhenaten only worshipped one god who was Aten which translated to the light that was in the sun. This light was believed to provide life for the Earth and to keep it alive.4 This new god was depicted as a sun disk emanating rays that ended in hands, and in order to worship the Aten, Akhenaten had a new type of temple constructed, these of which resembled the sun temples of the Fifth Dynasty (2500-2350 B.C.E) nearly 1,000 years earlier. These temples consisted of a series of open courts oriented towards the east so when the sun rises the rays illuminate the centre of the altar. Such temples were built at Thebes, Memphis, Heliopolis, and of course, Akhenaten. He attacked the cults of other deities in Egypt, especially Amon. Sites of Amon were desecrated and any evidence of worship to this god destroyed. ...read more.

Conclusion

Akhenaten died in his 17th year as Pharaoh, and without him his religious movement fell apart. He was succeeded by Tutankhaten (popularly known as "King Tut"), who may have been his son. Tutankhaten changed his name from Tutankhaten, which means "living image of Aten," to Tutankhamun, which means "living image of Amun," and reversed the religious revolution, restoring the old order. 8 It cannot be denied that Amenhotep IV or Akhenaten as he is more widely known had a very large and significant impact on Egyptian religion and art during his reign as pharaoh. The effects and impacts of his reign spread across many aspects of Egyptian life and ranged from the art of Akhenaten and to religion and the Cult of Aten to building at this period but clearly, his changes were not well met by the ancient Egyptians and their refusal to his heresy, upon his death, was quick. 1 http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/amarnaperiod.htm 2 http://www.heptune.com/Akhnaten.html 3 http://www.ancient-egypt-online.com/facts-on-akhenaton.html 4 http://encyclopedia.jrank.org/articles/pages/114/Akhenaten.html 5 http://www.kingtutone.com/akhenaten/ 6 http://www.ancient-egypt-online.com/facts-on-akhenaton.html 7 http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/amarnaperiod.htm 8 http://egyptian-history.suite101.com/article.cfm/the_pharaoh_akhenaten ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Historical Periods section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Historical Periods essays

  1. What was the impact of the Norman Conquest

    But many Englishmen failed to adapt to the new military style and William realised he needed a professional mounted force, so then he acted "so that the kingdom of England should always have 60,000 knights at the ready and produce them immediately at the king's command as necessity required."3 He

  2. In this essay, I shall use primary sources to measure the short term significance ...

    In a speech to visiting Indian Chiefs in early 1806 Jefferson stresses his wish for peaceable trade9. The French, English and Spanish have agreed 'to retire from all the country which you & we hold....We are now your fathers; and you shall not lose by the change' ie the Indians should trade solely with the United States.

  1. What was the short term significance of the Amritsar Massacre?

    The word "even" suggests that Chaudhuri was one of those who strongly supported the Empire; therefore his denunciation of the Empire suggests that other previous pro-British Indians began to oppose British rule following the Massacre. Although the elites were few in number, their alienation was significant, as they could affect the opinions of many people.

  2. Assess the Reign of Amenhotep III

    The success of Amenhotep III's building schemes, and as result the economic prosperity and stability of Egypt, was reflected in the efficient administration led by talented officials and bureaucracy. Such was Amenhotep Son of Hapu, who was oversaw the recruiting of civil and military workers as well as the supervision of buildings.

  1. Russian History. A period of great achievement To what extent do you agree with ...

    Taking advantage of a courtroom never open to a woman in her position, she utilized her connections, making allies and formally planning on securing the throne. As Fedor?s poor health caught up to him, Sophia immediately erupted onto the political scene, attending her late brother?s funeral and causing a commotion while doing so.

  2. Reaction essay on the article From Black Africa Arose the Pharaohs, by Richard Po

    For example; one of greeks first scholars, philosopher, mathematician, and scientist was named Thales. Thales was the forefather for the teachings learned by Plato and Aristotle. Before being a scholar Thales traveled to what we now know to be Egypt in order to learn the science of geometry.

  1. To What Extent Does History show that there is no such thing as absolute ...

    This meant that people were coming together not to celebrate a GOD but GODS, which proves that Tutankhamen did not have absolute power as he gifted the people a chance to worship another. Another addition to the argument that there is no such thing as absolute power is the speculation that Tutankhamen was assassinated at the age of nineteen.

  2. Discuss the impact of religious change on European society.

    All former Holy Roman church property, and all of the subjects, were gained as property of the Nobility, thus increasing their wealth and power. ( http://members.aol.com/RAToepfer/webdoc7x.htm) Meanwhile in the science community during 1564-1642, Galileo had found out that many previously held beliefs about nature to be false.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work