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AS and A Level: Modern European History, 1789-1945

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  1. Use Sources A and B and your own knowledge. Explain how far the views in Source B differ from those in Source A in relation to the Berlin Olympic Games of 1936. [12 marks]

    On the other hand, there are more differences between the views presented in the sources than similarities. For example, only Wolfe explicitly shows some Germans didn?t enjoy the Berlin Olympics, describing how his ?German girlfriend began to feel oppressed by it?.

    • Word count: 471
  2. How far were the difficulties in governing Russia likely to cause problems for the Tsarist government in the first decades of the twentieth century

    leader like it appeared the Tsarist government was doing and so Russia was treated with a fusion of suspicion and awe by other world leaders. It was not that heavily involved in affairs of other countries, defeat in the Crimean war pushed Russians to make Russia into an industrialising country, although Slavophil?s and westerners views sometimes clashed this was something that they both agreed would help empower Russia except. in 1904 there was a war against Japan which after years of fighting was subsequently lost bringing great shame to the people of Russia especially when the Tsar ordered a seven month voyage to Manchuria and three out of the seven Russian Baltic ships were destroyed by Manc hurian ones.

    • Word count: 1320
  3. Stalinism and the transformation of Russia.

    This system gave Stalin effective control over the entire economy, and thereby the Soviet people. The most effective means of increasing Stalin?s power was collectivisation. This involved the elimination of private ownership of agricultural land, and its replacement with a system of state-owned and collectively-owned farms. The peasants who worked on these farms were under the control of the Party, which in turn was under the control of Stalin. Inadvertently, collectivisation also gave Stalin the opportunity to eliminate large numbers of ?class enemies? ? the kulaks ? and to steel Party members to wholesale murder.

    • Word count: 1636
  4. To what extent was Stalins position within the party and his manipulation of the competing power blocks of 1924-29 responsible for the defeat of his rivals?

    He was able to promote supporters within the party and remove opponents and even though most of his support was from people with barely any power within the party the amount of people who supported him was what was important. The majority of people that joined the Bolshevik Party through Lenin enrolment were largely uneducated about politics they owed their position in the party to Stalin and so were loyal to him. Stalin?s personality helped him to assess his rivals and recognise when he needed to change his tactics in order to rise to power and his manipulation of the power blocks successfully is evidence of this.

    • Word count: 1107
  5. Germany was more responsible than Britain for the naval race before the First World War. Discuss.

    "1905 Britain was building 4 large warships and Germany 2. In 1906 great Britain reduced to3 large warships and Germany increased to 3 in 1907 great Britain built 3 large warships and Germany built 3 in 1908 great Britain further reduced to 2 large warships and Germany further increased to 4." The British government further explained that they tried to reduce the naval rivalry but because of Germany not cooperating they were forced to take measures to ensure national security.

    • Word count: 1829
  6. Compare the characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin.

    Despite the fact that Stalin reveal and developed much more this �� quality,�� we can prove this statement as reliable information due to their ruthless methods and terror to stay in power. However they did not lack ability or at least that�s what they showed us. One of the key points which allowed them to stay in power apart from having clear ideas since they were the leaders was their excellent leadership qualities.

    • Word count: 6398

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