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How far was Russia Politically Stable from 1905-1914?

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Introduction

How far was Russia Politically Stable from 1905-1914? 1905 was a significant year, politically, for Russia. The October 'nearly' Revolution brought about much needed change. The Tsar had to give away some of his power to the politically minded 'commoners'. It was a way to calm down the disorder that was spreading among the people and also to try to prevent another 'nearly' revolution. However, Nicholas II wasn't happy, and his actions over the years, up to 1914, led the opposition underground. The first movement of 1905 was Bloody Sunday. This was a march led by Father Georgi Gapon, as a way to let the Tsar know the troubles of his people, however, it was misinterpreted by the police force, and it is thought that 200 marchers were killed. This was the beginning of the October 'nearly' Revolution, which displayed the unrest of the country and showed that 1905 was the year that would release the built-up tensions from the loss against the Japanese and also the general unhappiness of the population. This event led on to the rest of the revolution and caused the Social Revolutionaries (SR's) to take actions in organising strikes, which showed that 1905 was a year of political instability, in that people were taking part in political strikes, commenced by an anti-government group. ...read more.

Middle

Indeed, it was filled with anti-Tsarist deputies, who directed their strong views by attacking the way that the imperial army was organised and deployed, thus causing the SR's and SD's to be accused of subversion and the Duma to be dissolved. Once again, the instability within the Duma suggests that Russia wasn't generally politically stable, due to the fact that, so far, a Duma couldn't last more than a few months without Nicholas II dissolving it because he was upset at the way the deputies within the Duma, elected by the public, tried to indirectly point out the fault of his leadership, such as the attack on the way the army was organised. This shows, yet again, the political instability within Russia in 1907. However, Stolypin found a way to 'get rid of' the political unrest by rigging the election for the next Duma, November 1907-June 1912, producing a more co-operative assembly of Octobrists and Rightists, 154 and 147, respectively. This suggests that at least Nicholas' ministers, if not he, himself, could see the political instability, and tried to do something about it. The heavy dominance of pro-Tsarist deputies allowed the passing of 2571 bills. The next Duma, November 1912-August 1914, was also heavily right-wing, allowing this positive work to continue, suggesting that the third Duma was ...read more.

Conclusion

The years 1905-1914 could be considered as a power struggle, with Nicholas II trying to retain his autocratic rights, but the public wanted a more democratic approach within Russia. The fact that Nicholas never completely got rid of the Duma's suggests that he knew he had to give away some of that power of his in order to prevent a political uprising. The number of strikes, political and social, mirrored how the Duma was operating: poorly at first, then better, but becoming worse towards the end. Stolypin saw the political instability within the Duma and tried to change this by rigging elections so that the third Duma was pro-Tsarist, but in doing so, he drove the opposition underground and made matters worse by creating this 'coiled spring' that could easily have spoilt the new-found stability, but also, the rest of the time, the strains shown by the public, the Duma deputies and Nicholas' power battle suggest that Russia was politically unstable, for much of the duration of the period 1905-1914, with an almost peace for the duration of the third Duma. However, the shock of the 1917 February Revolution shows politics wasn't the main problem within Russia. ...read more.

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