• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What were Stalin's Motives for Soviet expansion, defensive or expansionist ?

Extracts from this document...


History, Miss Cook, Cold War. What was Stalin's Motives for soviet expansion, defensive or expansionist ? By 1920 the Bolsheviks were in a very weak position and Russia as a whole had to come to terms with its own vulnerability in a hostile world. Stalin decided on the extension of the soviet control to eastern Europe. This policy aimed to protect the interests rather than stirring up world revolution. In other words it was too become defensive rather than aggressive, however the west refused to believe this and still had there minds set that Stalin was planning the spread of world revolution. This is what I will discuss in my essay, was it defensive or expansionist? Firstly I'll look at why the people believed it was expansionist, in other words to spread world communism. ...read more.


the takeover of Czechoslovakia in 1948 and the soviet blockade of Berlin in 1948-9 were all seen as evidence of Stalin's intention to spread communism. One last key reason was Keenan views, he said that foreign threats would mobilise the population in order to secure its own position. However this view by the West and communism was misleading as they based there views on assumptions. They didn't have a understanding of the motives and the reality of the soviet position in 1945. On the other hand some say that Stalin's motives appeared to be more defensive. Soviet foreign policy must be seen within the context of western hostility in the USSR, which has existed since its beginning, One reasons people see it as defensive and some solid evidence of this was the buffer zone which was created by Stalin, this was to protect the soviet union from invasion from the west. ...read more.


It wasn't until later than Stalin insisted on communist regimes in the Stalinist model as a response to a us policy towards the USSR. Shortly after this free elections saw Stalin agree to the Yalta would not guarantee the USSR the security it needed. Greece could be left to the west but eastern Europe was not negotiable. This resulted in the soviet union feeling they deserved the right to impose control of the region to secure its defensive needs. However communism was spread to eastern Europe Overall I believe that the soviet union was bait defensive and a bit expansionist. Soviet foreign policy under Stalin was dominated by the cautions implementation of the defensive strategy to secure the interests of the USSR. However the US government clouded by notions of world communism revolution failed to understand this and they misunderstood the whole situation, and Stalin's lack of skills led the Misconceptions around the world. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. How EffectIVE Was Soviet Political Control In Eastern Europe In The 1950's & 1960's?

    This political tactic seems effective, however the fact that there was opposition shows that it wasn't entirely successful. Tito created a following via, "Titoism", showing that there would be opposition to how the Soviets were running things. In 1955, the Warsaw Pact was set up.

  2. Russian Nationalism and the Soviet Revolution

    of 1649 in which restrictions of peasant mobility, combined with an alteration of the peasant's juridical status, was to convert the peasant into an object akin to the lord's personal property; a position somewhat comparable to that of the slave, to whom similar measures were applicable.

  1. Would you agree with the view that conflict over Berlin in the period 1945-1990 ...

    enable democracy to prosper after the years of Nazi dictatorship and so that their own economies would prosper. It was also agreed that free elections would be held in the countries conquered during the war to enable these to re establish their independence.

  2. Russia and the Soviet Union 1917-1924

    Everyone poured into the streets protested about the war. They all to the Bolsheviks to lead them but they turned them away. Kerensky produced letters incriminating Lenin. This forced Lenin to flee to Finland. * The war distinguished the Bolsheviks from other groups because thy opposed the war. 6.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work