• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'Nazi attempts to control the German Churches had limited success in the years 1933 to 1945. Explain why you agree or disagree with this view. (24 marks)

Extracts from this document...


?Nazi attempts to control the German Churches had limited success in the years 1933 to 1945.? Explain why you agree or disagree with this view. (24 marks) During the years 1933 to 1945 Hitler tended to avoid direct attacks on the Churches. Moreover number 24 of his 25-point plan spoke in favour of 'positive Christianity?, which was closely linked to racial and national views. However there can be little doubt that Nazism was based on fundamentally anti-Christian philosophy. Despite this the Church was willing to neither condone nor condemn Hitler so long as he did not interfere with religious policy. Therefore the Nazi?s were able to control the churches with a certain amount of success. Firstly, I disagree that the Nazis had limited success as many clergymen welcomed Nazism and found much common ground on issues such as race, politics, women?s rights and homosexuality, pro-family, anti-abortion and anti-contraception. This therefore meant that the clergymen could influence the views of the people in the clergy therefore controlling the people of the German Churches. ...read more.


As Niemoeller was able to form the Confessional Church. The confessional church opposed the Nazification of German Protestant churches. This once again could be seen as the Nazis being weak and unable to control the German Churches. Another way in which someone may disagree with this statement is by saying that the Nazis signed a Concordat with the German Churches in July 1933. This was a hugely successful attempt in controlling German Churches as it stopped the involvement of the church in politics. Furthermore it weakened their influence on the German people. Pope Pius XI hoped that the Concordat would allow the Catholic Church in Germany to operate free from any interference. This therefore meant that the church had to conform to the Nazis in order to protect and restrict the Nazification of Catholicism in Germany. However as Hitler had just became Chancellor it meant he had to power to control certain aspects, which the Church once controlled. For example schools and youth organisations. Catholic schools were not subjected to the level of propaganda that state schools were, therefore Nazis believed that this would lead people to oppose them. ...read more.


Finally, someone may disagree as the Churches welcomed the Nazi stance on Communism and the Weimar Republic. This consequently meant that the Churches created few obstacles to Nazi policies for the most part were seen as compliant. This can be supported by the fact that the German Churches throughout the years 1933-1945 did not openly riot or go against the Nazi?s on a mass scale and instead attempted to support them in many ways. To conclude it is difficult to calculate the general level of success for numerous reasons. First and foremost from 1935 onwards Nazi tactics developed into a kind of war of attrition with the Churches. This may indicate the difficulty faced by the Nazi regime in knowing how to deal with the German Churches. Catholics had become alarmed, soon after signing the Concordat, when Catholic minister, Erich Klausener was murdered in 1934, with the banning of crucifixes in schools in 1935 and the increasing pagan ideology of Nazi radicals. Likewise the banning of Catholic youth groups in 1936 and the publication of ?With Burning Concern? in 1937 showed elements of tension. However the Nazi?s successfully managed to control politics without the influence of the churches therefore showing how they controlled the German churches successfully. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. How successful were Nazi methods to indoctrinate and control the German people?

    A significant example of such would be the fact that the Nazi's could not ban newspapers, but were just able to censor them. This was because the Nazi's knew the politically educated class read the newspaper and could easily distinguish propaganda from the truth.

  2. "Foreign success; domestic failure." How fair is this summary of Bismarck's governance of Germany

    This thus ended in diplomatic French victory. There was still a Balkan Crisis, lasting until 1878. Bismarck, however, did not have much to do with diplomatic arrangements. It was lucky for Bismarck that Tsar Alexander II and his foreign Minister Gorchakov preferred international discussion to unilateral action.

  1. Reasons for Napoleon's Success (to 1807).

    The army consisted, therefore, of a mixture of old and young, experience and inexperience, combined under one command. * Military historians have disputed the size of Napoleon's Grand Armee at length. For the years before 1805 estimates vary from about 300,000 upwards.

  2. Why did Hindenburg appoint Hitler as Chancellor in 1933?

    Others were terrified of the SA, they were scared they would try and over power the government and believing that Hitler was the only one who could control them, they voted for him. The Nazi Party was also extremely well organised, they split the party up into areas (Gaue)

  1. Life in Nazi Germany, 1933-1945

    has become a favourite game for youths', the willingness of the source to express the negative side of the Nazi youth policies does put the reliability of the source into some doubt. This is opposed by the content of the memoirs in source A, which expresses beliefs and views a

  2. Hitler and the Nazi Regime - revision sheet.

    On the Night of the Long Knives (13 June 1934) Hitler used his legal power to assassinate all his opponents within the Nazi Party, 3. Propaganda The German people were subjected to continual propaganda, under the control of Josef Goebbels.

  1. To What Extent was Self-Preservation the Prime Motive of the Catholic Church's subservience to ...

    time as Niem�ller and Bonh�ffer broke away to form the Confessional Church for the same reasons. With this in mind the source above seems very useful when deciding what motives were really behind Pacelli's signing of the Concordat since von Galen's view as a fellow nationalist would have been somewhat in line with Pacelli's.

  2. Albert Speers Role as German Armaments Minister during the War

    Nevertheless, neither were homosexual, Speer was married with children and Hitler was married to Eva Braun at the end of the war. However, their relationship was mutually beneficial, for as much as Hitler needed Speer for his architectural knowledge and organizational skills, Speer needed Hitler.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work