• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'Nazi attempts to control the German Churches had limited success in the years 1933 to 1945. Explain why you agree or disagree with this view. (24 marks)

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

?Nazi attempts to control the German Churches had limited success in the years 1933 to 1945.? Explain why you agree or disagree with this view. (24 marks) During the years 1933 to 1945 Hitler tended to avoid direct attacks on the Churches. Moreover number 24 of his 25-point plan spoke in favour of 'positive Christianity?, which was closely linked to racial and national views. However there can be little doubt that Nazism was based on fundamentally anti-Christian philosophy. Despite this the Church was willing to neither condone nor condemn Hitler so long as he did not interfere with religious policy. Therefore the Nazi?s were able to control the churches with a certain amount of success. Firstly, I disagree that the Nazis had limited success as many clergymen welcomed Nazism and found much common ground on issues such as race, politics, women?s rights and homosexuality, pro-family, anti-abortion and anti-contraception. This therefore meant that the clergymen could influence the views of the people in the clergy therefore controlling the people of the German Churches. ...read more.

Middle

As Niemoeller was able to form the Confessional Church. The confessional church opposed the Nazification of German Protestant churches. This once again could be seen as the Nazis being weak and unable to control the German Churches. Another way in which someone may disagree with this statement is by saying that the Nazis signed a Concordat with the German Churches in July 1933. This was a hugely successful attempt in controlling German Churches as it stopped the involvement of the church in politics. Furthermore it weakened their influence on the German people. Pope Pius XI hoped that the Concordat would allow the Catholic Church in Germany to operate free from any interference. This therefore meant that the church had to conform to the Nazis in order to protect and restrict the Nazification of Catholicism in Germany. However as Hitler had just became Chancellor it meant he had to power to control certain aspects, which the Church once controlled. For example schools and youth organisations. Catholic schools were not subjected to the level of propaganda that state schools were, therefore Nazis believed that this would lead people to oppose them. ...read more.

Conclusion

Finally, someone may disagree as the Churches welcomed the Nazi stance on Communism and the Weimar Republic. This consequently meant that the Churches created few obstacles to Nazi policies for the most part were seen as compliant. This can be supported by the fact that the German Churches throughout the years 1933-1945 did not openly riot or go against the Nazi?s on a mass scale and instead attempted to support them in many ways. To conclude it is difficult to calculate the general level of success for numerous reasons. First and foremost from 1935 onwards Nazi tactics developed into a kind of war of attrition with the Churches. This may indicate the difficulty faced by the Nazi regime in knowing how to deal with the German Churches. Catholics had become alarmed, soon after signing the Concordat, when Catholic minister, Erich Klausener was murdered in 1934, with the banning of crucifixes in schools in 1935 and the increasing pagan ideology of Nazi radicals. Likewise the banning of Catholic youth groups in 1936 and the publication of ?With Burning Concern? in 1937 showed elements of tension. However the Nazi?s successfully managed to control politics without the influence of the churches therefore showing how they controlled the German churches successfully. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Reasons for Napoleon's Success (to 1807).

    His normal strategy was to keep at least one of these major powers as an ally while be dealt with the others. i) The Second Coalition 1799 * In the spring of 1799 the second coalition of Britain, Russia, Austria and the Ottoman Empire was at war with France.

  2. How successful were Nazi methods to indoctrinate and control the German people?

    A significant example of such would be the fact that the Nazi's could not ban newspapers, but were just able to censor them. This was because the Nazi's knew the politically educated class read the newspaper and could easily distinguish propaganda from the truth.

  1. Hitler and the Nazi Regime - revision sheet.

    The Racial Purity Law (15 September 1935) took away German citizenship from the Jews, and forbade sex between Germans and Jews. Other key dates include Kristallnacht (9-10 November 1938) and the Wansee Conference (January 1942). Many Germans approved of this racism. II. ESTABLISHMENT OF AUTHORITARIAN AND SINGLE PARTY STATES A.

  2. Why did Hindenburg appoint Hitler as Chancellor in 1933?

    action, which could be offered by the SA, could bring Germany out of the depression. The people wanted to believe in the Nazi party, they needed to have the hope that they would no longer be in dyer need of help.

  1. Using all Sources and your own knowledge, assess the view that the Nazis successfully ...

    For example the radio was used to transmit Hitler speeches to everyone across the country. This is shown in source B where a journalist reports on the response of Germans to a Hitler speech in a Berlin caf�. This implies that important things like this were played in local places so that everyone could hear.

  2. Explain why the Nazi government made a concordat with the Catholic Church in July ...

    often supported their centre party, Catholics opted to send their children to catholic schools over state schools and finally parents chose to send their children to the catholic youth movement rather than the Hitler youth. Therefore by making the concordat the Nazis hoped that many of the Catholics would willingly

  1. Albert Speers Role as German Armaments Minister during the War

    Hitler and Speer were in constant contact with each other. On most days they would gather with other party leaders to have lunch and dinner and would occasionally watch a movie. Speer was soon one of Hitler?s confidants. At the Nuremberg trial in 1946 Speer claimed ?If Hitler had actually

  2. Britains attempts to appease Mussolini in the 1930s were successful Explain why you agree ...

    As during the time of the crisis, Hitler supported Mussolini and gained his favour, which ended up in them two signing pacts such as the Rome-Berlin axis and the pact of steel. The policy of appeasement failed wholly in some respects, because Britain did not achieve her aim of keeping Mussolini on her side, which was what Britain wanted.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work