• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Nazi Ideology and Government.

Extracts from this document...


Nazi Ideology and Government. Ideology What did the Nazis believe in: * Nationalism * Anti-Semitism * Social-Darwinism * Anti-Democracy - All powerful leader * Lebensraum * Anti-Capitalist * Anti-Communist Inspired By: * Nietzsche - Wrote "A daring and ruler race is building itself up...the aim should be to prepare a new set of values for a particularly strong kind of man...this man and his elite around him will become 'Lords of the Earth.' Hitler saw himself and his party as the 'superman' that Nietzsche talked about. When Nieztsche talked about this 'superman' he envisioned no one special people, least of all the Germans, but to the ideologists of National Socialism the basic idea of this was so close to their own conception of the ideal German that they appropriated it without regard for the main tenants of Nietzsche's writing. Nazi ideologists stole two basic ideas from Nietzsche to use in there own Weltanschauung, or ideology, 1) the concept of a superman and 2) ...read more.


Nazi ideology drew on the Nationalism, Anti-Semitism and heroism of these people and was particularly articulated by Hitler in Mein Kampf. It was later elaborated by the fanatical Albert Rosenberg and was not a system of well defined principles, but rather a glorification of prejudice and myth. It's mainstays were the doctrines of racial inequality and of adherence to the leader, or Fuhrer. Government. By the end of 1934 Hitler had destroyed the Weimar Republic. Democracy had been superseded by dictatorship and institutionilised terror. The traditional view is that this was an efficient and tightly organised for of government with Hitler in complete control. This view has undergone recent modification however. It is believed that the German dictatorship was far less orderly than supposed, even with elements of chaos. Basically there was in the Third Reich two competing factions, those with revolutionary activism in mind for the Nazi movement, and those who persisted for traditional institutions and structures. The result of this was duplication and conflict, at both central and local government. ...read more.


Rauchning was a Nazi. 1960's - New Beliefs. * Two schools of thought. a) Historians who took Nazism seriously as a theory, doctrine and principle. b) Historians sceptical and cynical of the Nazi self presentation a) * Historians including Fest, Davidson and Rich. * Believe that Hitler is formatively important to the focus of the Reich and State. * Political development of the state was driven by the primacy of Hitler as the centrepiece of Nazi society and government. * Stress on understanding Hitler. i.e. Holocaust planned, developed and led from the centre by Hitler. b) * Historians including Broszat and Mommsen. * Hitler could not be the centre of the Nazi state. Argues that National Socialism was not original and behaved in a manner no more than it's propaganda and slogans dictated. Hitler was an invention of the propaganda ministry. * No clear plan for government, state, society, civil service etc. * Short term ideology, but no capacity for long term stability. Mommsen argued that Hitler's foreign policy and government does not relate to his ideological aims in Mein Kampf. The chaos of the party simply staggered from crisis to crisis. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Causes of show trials + purges of 1930s.

    In addition there was the unsuccessful Duma in 1906, the conflicts between powers, World War One and more importantly the rise of Lenin and the increasing support of his Bolshevik Party. In the time before the 1917 Revolution Marxism was growing in support.

  2. The Holocaust

    During 1937 the SS was keen to establish themselves as having an important role in the formation of anti-Jewish policies. The SS had been formed in 1925 as an elite bodyguard for Hitler and in 1929 Heinrich Himmler had become their leader.

  1. How far was the holocaust a long term plan of nazi racial policy?

    punish the Jews and Hitler's violent nature, but nonetheless, Hitler did not link these three components together within it. Dawidowicz, uses the benefit of hindsight to draw these links together and although this is a logical step, we should not assume that Hitler personally made these links.

  2. No Hitler: No Holocaust How far is this statement by the historian Michael Marrus ...

    setting up the early concentraition camps and Heydrich and the Final Solution (1941), all approved by Hitler ofcourse. Each individual gives clear evidence of minipulation of Hitler's ideology, in order to increase anti-semitism and careerism (the boost of their own positions with the State).

  1. Soviet State

    Instead of a 'planned' economy running according to carefully formulated plans, there appeared a 'command' economy, running according to the orders and priorities of the government. As collectivisation had showed, however the political will and determination to fulfil these targets, whatever the cost now existed.

  2. Hitler and the Nazi Regime - revision sheet.

    anyone suffering from a hereditary disease/ deemed to be mentally/physically unfit Doctors, hospitals, homes, prisons reported 400,000 names 1935 law prohibited a marriage if either party suffered from a mental derangement or had hereditary disease Eugenics - only those who have desirable characteristics allowed to breed Treatment of German Jews

  1. Assess the impact of Nazi ideology on the Social Classes.

    Many Nazi policies were introduced with the benefit of the working class in mind and the most immediate and valuable benefit was a job. Hitler attempted to win the support of the workers through a combination of material improvement and state welfare and the creation of around six million jobs after 1933 was vital in attracting their support.

  2. "Although Nazi government was confused and chaotic, it worked because it was guided by ...

    This, in turn, indicates that even with Hitler's lack of involvement he still managed to retain absolute control. Moreover, it could be said that his lack of participation in the conventional routines of government placed him in a position of strength, not weakness, since by remaining aloof he protected himself from criticism.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work