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Nazi-Soviet Pact and Appeasement.

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Introduction

Nazi-Soviet Pact and Appeasement What was the Nazi-Soviet Pact? The Nazi-Soviet was a non-aggression pact signed by the foreign ministers of Germany and Russia on 23 August 1939. When Germany and Russia reached this promise not to fight each other, they made a secret pact to invade and divide Poland and give the Baltic States to Russia. By signing the Pact, Germany was able to invade Poland from the west and the Soviet Union gained the eastern half of Poland as well as the Baltic States as well as gaining time to prepare for war against Germany. Why was the signing of the Pact a surprise? The signing of the pact was a total surprise because everyone knew that Fascist Germany and the Communist Soviet Union were political enemies. ...read more.

Middle

The talks broke down, but no-one would have expected Russia to sign a Pact with their enemy, Germany, a few days later. The following are all reasons why war broke out in September 1939: (i) the invasion of Poland by Germany (ii) the signing of the Nazi-Soviet Pact (iii) Britain's policy of appeasement. Which of (i), (ii) and (iii) do you think was the most important? Explain your answer. In September of 1939, World War II broke out. There were three main reasons for the outbreak of war. When Germany invaded Poland, Britain and France finally had to do something as they had signed an alliance with Poland on 25 August 1939. This time they couldn't back down in the face of Nazi aggression. ...read more.

Conclusion

I believe it was a combination of long-term and short-term factors which made war inevitable. The long term policy of appeasement finally collapsed in September 1939, and resulted in war being declared on Germany. However, I think that it was probably the short-term policy of the signing of the Nazi-Soviet pact, when Stalin had finally decided he could not trust Britain, which caused the outbreak of war. Had the Pact not been signed when it was, although Germany would have invaded Poland, the invasion might not have happened in September 1939, even though war would have broken out sooner rather than later. In my opinion, therefore, it was the policy of appeasement which was the single most important reason for war breaking out on 3rd September 1939. However it was the short-term policy of the Nazi-Soviet Pact, resulting in the invasion of Poland, which acted as a catalyst for war breaking out on 3rd September 1939. ...read more.

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