• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Nazi Youth - Baldur von Schirach

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Baldur von Schirach (1907-74) Early Life/ Pre-Nazi background * Born in Berlin in 1907, the son of an aristocratic German father and American mother * Studied art history at university and developed anti-Semitic and anti-Christian views Membership of NSDAP and Role Pre 1933 * An early member of the NSDAP, Schirach joined in 1924 * Schirach began organising high school and university students for the NSDAP * Schirach was devoted to Hitler, who he was highly regarded by as he wrote poems describing Hitler as "Germany's greatest son" * In 1929, he was made head of the Nationalist Socialist German Students' League and by 1931 he was mad Nazi Youth Leader Job/Role 1939-45 and Personal Empire * In May 1993, he was made Youth Leader of the German Reich in charge of all the youth movements. * Built up the Hitler Youth to a movement of around 8million in 1939, which had the aim of drilling Nazi ideology into the German youth. * Under Schirach, the German youth were to drilled into acceptance of character, discipline, obedience, leadership and they were to be moulded into a new race of "supermen" * Schirach was presented as a kind of semi-divine person and ...read more.

Middle

In addition to the successful economic recovery Hitler's successful foreign policy also maintained popular support. The tearing up of the hated Treaty of Versailles and the reoccupation of the Rhineland were greeted with enthusiastic support from most Germans, and as source 6 claims, this 'internal rebuilding of the country and the national triumphs all attributed to (Hitler's) genius'. (5) Many people were never to change their view about Hitler and indeed the success of Goebbel's Hitler Myth reinforced the image of Hitler as the saviour of Germany. (6) Even as Hitler . began to turn inwards and even as the war came onto the horizon people would be 'clamouring for him'. (Source 5) However source 5 also suggests that increasingly morale was in decline as war approached and the regime found it necessary to 'organise cheering crowds' this suggests that the success of the regime was declining as Hitler's territorial ambitions brought war closer and with an increase in restriction on people and fear of what war would bring. However there was no sudden backlash against Hitler though there were increased grumblings and criticisms about other leading Nazis. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, KD Bracher has pointed out that Hitler was always master in the Third Reich, suggesting that his regime was strong, stable and successful and that he deliberately ruled by 'divide and rule'. (12) It is clear that, to a large extent, the Hitler regime was strong, stable and successful in the period 1933 to 1939. Certainly on the surface it maintained this image. The absence of any real challenge to Hitler or his regime points to strength and success and many in Germany were happy to accept the 'booming economy' and the restoration of 'law and order' as 'few were concerned if civil liberties had been destroyed'. Additionally, whilst there certainly existed grumblings, no real criticisms or challenges came to the fore until the outbreak of war. It is therefore possible to accept the existence of some opposition without denying the essential stability of the regime, based on its success as well as its methods of repression. What was perhaps more significant was the hint of tension as war approached, and the nature of Hitler's control, which promoted internal rivalry and extremism, threatening stability, but not in the immediate situation. Only with the lack of military success as the war progressed did the strength and stability of the regime begin to crack. (13) ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Assess the view that the failures of the Congress of Vienna outweighed the successes.

    the two countries' aims were completely satisfied; but enough territory was handed over to pacify them both. This therefore was a success as Russian desires were restrained in Poland and Prussian greed in North Germany, and therefore the Settlement was a reasonable compromise.

  2. Was Hitler a weak dictator?

    This shows how great as an opposing force towards Hitler they were. The Christian and Protestant churches were the major churches in Germany. Hitler saw their ideology as contradictive with the Nazi one. So he used several tactics in order to eliminate them.

  1. Reasons for Napoleon's Success (to 1807).

    For example, there would be no Middle East campaign. If the Peninsular campaign was meant to tighten the Continental Blockade, it had proved an expensive failure. British goods poured through Portugal and trade increased sixfold. What French weakness did the Wagram campaign of 1809 expose? * In 1808, Austria planned to recover lost pride - it wanted to reclaim

  2. Hitler and the Nazi Regime - revision sheet.

    o All other parties were banned, and their leaders were put in prison. o Nazi Party members, however, got the best jobs, better houses and special privileges. o Many businessmen joined the Nazi Party purely to get orders. 2 Terror The Nazis took over local government and the police.

  1. How far had Hitler achieved his Third Reich?

    Then again, the expectancy of war progressively meant that the activities emphasised more on political and military attributes. Many found the stern regimentation and military drills as tedious. The strictness was often discouraging and several parents and teachers made complaints regarding the brutality.

  2. Evaluate the Nazis economic policies from 1933 - 1939. To what extent were the ...

    This statement could easily be proved by some of the earlier memoirs. For example, in General Georg Thomas's memoir "Gedanken und Ereignisse", it is said that, "Keitel interrupted me... and declared that Hitler would never bring about a world war"36. Also, many historians believed that Hitler was supportive of "Blitzkrieg".

  1. Hitlers Germany

    the Netherlands and Belgium, which was to give Germany a large area on the Channel coast as a base for naval and aerial operations against Britain, preliminary to the grand assault on the Western Allies in France. As the date of execution of his plan he set November 12.

  2. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    Although many party members were expelled, this did not mean arrest, imprisonment or death, some just ?sacked? from their job as a party member. Not many party members were prepared to stand up to the regime, even when they had doubt.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work