• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

No more than a fringe irritant on Weimar politics. How far does this description define the Nazi Party in the 1920s?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

?No more than a fringe irritant on Weimar politics?. How far does this description define the Nazi Party in the 1920s? In 1920, the NSDAP, which had been founded by Drexler in 1919, drew up its 25-point programme and Hitler quickly became the driving force behind the party. It has been argued that the Nazi party can be described as ?no more than a fringe irritant on Weimar politics? during the 1920s based on their fluctuating electoral support, internal divides, as well as being just one amongst an array of other extremist parties during this period. However, although this is true to an extent, it is also clear that after the onset of the Great Depression in 1929, the Nazi Party exploited the weaknesses of the Weimar Republic which in turn lead to electoral success. Thus, from this point on Hitler and the Nazi Party were of much more significance on Weimar politics. At the start of the 1920s, the NSDAP was a minute force, and even Hitler described at the time that the party was operating ?at a low club level form?. Under Anton Drexler?s leadership, the DAP were very much a fringe irritant contained to a beer hall, designed to air nationalist views and calls for Bavarian Independence. ...read more.

Middle

This was miniscule in comparison to the SPD who won 29.8% of the vote and the Centre Party who won 12.1% of the vote. This serves as evidence of the fact that even in 1928, the Nazi Party was not nationally successful and could therefore still be described as a ?fringe irritant?. However, although the momentum of the party may not have picked up until 1929, the failure of the Munich Putsch in 1923 did have some advantages for Hitler. He turned his trial into a great propaganda success both for himself and for the Nazi cause as he won respect from right-wing nationalists. He played on all his rhetorical skills and evoked admiration for patriotism, thus making himself a national figure for the first time. Hitler?s time in prison, which was reduced to 9 months due to bias of the judiciary, gave him time to write Mein Kampf, formulate his political ideas (although they were still unclear), as well as to accept that the party would need to take power through legal means. Thus, it can be seen that following his release from prison, Hitler worked to make sure that his Party would be in a position to exploit the political situation once circumstances changed in his favour. ...read more.

Conclusion

The increase in rural support along with the fact that Hitler joined the Anti-Young Plan helped to distance himself from the Weimar Republic as well as granting himself and his party respectability and legitimacy. In conclusion, it is undoubtedly true that by 1929 it seemed that Nazism had not taken root and there was no real sign that it could flourish in Germany. The party had few seats in the Reichstag, the Munich Putsch was a failure in terms of taking control, the ?Golden Years? decreased the support for extremist parties and the Nazi Party was very much constrained to Bavaria. However, it is also clear that the onset of the Great Depression provided the circumstances which the Nazi Party, having re-established itself and invested in modern and effective technological propaganda techniques, could exploit in their favour. Thus in 1929, as the party shifted its emphasis to target the depressed agricultural sector; its membership began to rapidly increase again. The Nazi Party may therefore have been not more than a ?fringe irritant? by 1929 but as soon as the Depression was to take effect, the party had constructed an effective party machine with a leader of tremendous political skill and charisma to take advantage of the crisis. From 1929 onwards the Nazi party went from strength to strength, and Hitler?s appointment as Chancellor in 1933 represented the collapse of Weimar politics. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. How successful were Nazi policies towards women?

    of the state, was making family relationships very difficult and was pulling families apart in a complete contradiction to Nazi propaganda. The new regime also shaped a clear policy in their negative view towards women at work and in particular educated women who were in professional jobs and the education

  2. Assess the reasons why the Weimar Republic faced so many problems in the 1920s

    Even though the government had very little choice in signing the Treaty, many Germans seemed to blame them for the war defeat, even though it had been under the authoritarian government that the war had been lost. When the terms of the Treaty were known in Germany, there were storms

  1. How and why did the Weimar Governments collapse between October 1929 and January 1933?

    The increase of support for the NSDAP cannot be solely credited to the suffering economy and pitifully lacking government, although these did play a majority part in the rise of Hitler and his party. Hitler was very aware that getting above his opponents would require more than sheer reliance on

  2. Hitlers Germany

    This world-wide revulsion was directed not only at the top Nazis but also at the German people as a whole; they stood condemned in the eyes of the world as the most bestial murderers in history. This was in 1946.

  1. Impact of The Great Famine on Irelands Society, Economy and Politics

    In the years before and during the famine, Irish people relied heavily on the potato crop as a means of life. The fact that the potato blight was so easily spread, made Ireland an ideal location for the blight to prosper, given the climate and weather, as Mary E, Daly depicts in 'The Famine in Ireland' (1986, p53)

  2. How stable was the Weimar Republic 1924-29 ?

    Improvement in hospitals, electricity supplies, and 40% of federal government expenditure went on war-related pensions to invalids, widows and orphans; in all 2.5 million people. A further major advance in welfare provision was made in 1927 when the social insurance scheme was extended to protect over 17 million workers in event of unemployment.

  1. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    Loyalty to the party and the state was promoted above the ideals of romantic love or loyalty to a husband or family. Women in the party: By 1928, only about 65,000 out of 1 million party members were women. Female membership of the Komsomol never rose above 20% in towns and 5% in the countryside.

  2. The Weimar Republic was doomed from the start! How far does the evidence ...

    One such party was the DNVP, a coalition of nationalist and conservative parties founded by landowners and industrialists. In the 1920 Election, they polled 15% of the vote, showing that despite being a minority, they were making gains at the expense of democratic parties such as the SPD who had lost 63 seats.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work