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Obstacles to German Unification

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Obstacles The process of the unification of Germany started during the 19th century due to several factors, mainly, nationalism. Though, this process was often hindered by a number of causes which proved to be obstacles of the unification. Firstly, not all the 39 states want to unify in fact. Although they were in the German Confederation, they were ruled by different powers before or even the set up of German Confederation. For example, people were mainly Protestant in the north while Roman Catholic in the south and conservatism and absolutism in government were supported in the north since in the south, people were supporting liberal ideas. Since they have such differences, there were difficult to find a way to standardize organization and administration. ...read more.


Besides, the opposition of the powers also made the unification of German impossible. Austria strongly opposed to the action of unifying Germany because it was afraid to lose its land to join to form a new Germany. At the same time, Prussia didn't want to see the unification movement as well because the king preferred to the absolutism than the constitutional government. The weakness of the Prussian Assemblies became an obstacle of the unification of German. In addition, there was no army to support the parliament as well. France also opposed the idea of unification. France was edger to spread her own influence to some Southern German states, which were jealous of the Austrian supremacy. ...read more.


And the Prussian leadership in the Zollverein also made the Germans to believe that Germany could be united without Austria but under Prussia. Secondly, the growth of nationalism pulled the Germans closer. The sense of common nationality kept on growing in German-speaking land with the more and more co-operation between Germans in each state. When the war scare broke out in 1840, all Germans became patriots and treat themselves as a whole. Patriotic songs, flags and poems appeared as a sign of the climax of nationalism. Thirdly, growing liberalism in some parts of Germany was significant to the greater unity too. In Southern Germany like in Bavaria, Baden and Wurttemburg, constitutions and representative assemblies were granted to Germans. As liberals demanded a united Germany with a constitutional government, therefore the growth of liberalism favoured the growth of a greater unity of Germany. ...read more.

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