• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Of all the factors that contributed to the unification of the German people in the 19th Century, the economic one was the most important: discuss the validity of this statement.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Of all the factors that contributed to the unification of the German people in the 19th Century, the economic one was the most important: discuss the validity of this statement. Without doubt, the Prussian economic situation was a very important factor in the creation a unified Germany, but there were other factors to be considered. These are the Prussian military capability, the international affairs at the time, Nationalism, the Zollverien, and arguably, the most important factor, was Otto Von Bismarck. Without the introduction of this man there would have been no increase in the Prussian military, Austria would have been in the Zollverien and therefore gained economically as did Prussia. Italy would not of attacked Austria, helping the Prussian army to win the battle, Napoleon would not of stayed neutral if it was not for Bismarck. There would not of been a great nationalistic feeling without his intervention in the Danish war and the defeat of the French, and finally there would have been no Germany including the southern states without his brilliance. Heinrich Von Sybel in 1894 described Bismarck as an '...incommensurable political genius...who was a politician of great stock who sacrificed everything to the interests of the state.' 1 The Prussian military was already considered to be of great strength in comparison to other German states, but it was still an immature and weak army and not yet capable of defeating Austria. ...read more.

Middle

Eventually France feel for the bait and declared war with Prussia on July 15, 1870. Prussia gained the advantage and surprised France by attacking first, the French were quickly defeated and by 28th of January 1871, the Prussian army had control of Paris. Then Bismarck had his crowning moment by signing a peace treaty and more importantly, crowning William the first, as the Emperor of Germany. Bismarck would not of been able to achieve all he did without his ability to recognise and manipulate international affairs, he used and abused his neighbours hate for each other to gain an advantage for an ever growing Prussia. He did not just declare war on Austria, as he knew the capabilities of his forces and knew there would be repercussions from France and Russia. Bismarck knew he had that he could count on the neutrality of the Russians because of his support for them during the Polish revolution. In addition, the Austrians did not support Russia when it was asked for during the Crimean War. Therefore, Russia owed them no favours. France was a little more complicated, although France and Austria were enemies, he could not be sure that they would stay neutral. Bismarck coincidentally visited Biarritz the same time as Napoleon, and met with the emperor. ...read more.

Conclusion

The problem with this analogy is it allows no credit for the skill, guile and genius of a man who created the unification of Germany in such a short space of time. Yes, he had a lot of luck, but he was also extremely dedicated, once he set out to achieve something, he stopped at nothing until it had been accomplished. Bismarck knew himself that he had limitations, he expressed this by pointing out 'I am not so arrogant as to assume that the likes of us are able to make history. My task is to keep an eye on the currents of the latter and steer my ship in them as best I can.4' It is true that he would not of been able to achieve all he did without the backing of the Prussian economy, but money does not always equal success and power. It takes a great and strong man to control were the money is spent. In 1862 at the great expedition Disraeli asked Bismarck what would he do if he came to power Bismarck replied. '...he would reorganise the army, with or without the support of parliament; secondly, he would destroy Austrian domination of the German confederation; thirdly, he would unify Germany under Prussian leadership.5' Later in that year, he was appointed Prime minister of Prussia. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Political and Economic Factors behind German Unification

    In the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, Bismarck isolated Austria by assuring that Russia and France remained neutral. Upon Austrian defeat, Bismarck refused to create an enemy of Austria and demanded little reparations of Austria; this was politically done so so that Austria would not be revengeful and Prussia would not be looked upon as the "bad guy."

  2. Why did Prussia rather than Austria lead the unification of Germany?

    This was accompanied with rapid population growth and urbanisation. Such powerful surges were not seen in Austria, mainly due to a policy that was mainly defensive in character due to the structural weakness of her economy. Such weakness was exacerbated after 1859 and the defeat by Piedmont and France.

  1. 'In the context of the period 1715-1815 to what extent were economic factors the ...

    Traditional Marxists would argue that these events demonstrated the working classes growing in strength and potency. Colin Jones also argues that, under the reign of Louis XV, 'the intendancy system was streamlined, and intendants now launched a wide range of social and economic improvements'7.

  2. To what extent do the economic factors account for the unification of Germany between ...

    striking embodiment of the idea of the modern world and the instrument of national integration"4. After the new wave of expansion in the 1850's the historian Johann Gustav Droysen wrote in an essay 'On the Present situation' about how the railways encourage unification, "Transport and the railway and education are

  1. To what extent was German Unification driven by primarily economic forces?

    that policy until the 1850's when she applied to join, Prussia blocked this entry and so Austria remained isolated in the economic decisions of the German states because she was not in the Zollverein. In regard to the Zollverein, this shows that Prussia is beginning to dominate the Bund in

  2. In the process of consolidating his position, Napoleons reforms, had by 1808, destroyed the ...

    of the Revolution which revelled in the individuality of its citizens as that is what led to the usage of meritocracy. Napoleon had often declared his belief in equal opportunities for all according to ability and irrespective of birth of wealth, what he called "careers open to talents", however; he

  1. Who gained the most from the Lichfield House Compact

    Many went bankrupt to this poor rate, and others didn't want to follow suite, evicting all their tenants that didn't pay. This had a disastrous effect as imagined on the people, and the landlords!

  2. "The Leadership of Daniel O'Connell was the main reason for the successful development of ...

    This was used in the 1828 County Clare election where O'Connell won the seat with 2/3 of the vote. This posed a problem for the government as O'Connell would not have been able to take a seat in the commons without a change of law.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work