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Oliver Cromwell.

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Oliver Cromwell was born in the quiet country town of Huntingdon on 25th April 1599. 4 years later, it was the death of Queen Elizabeth. Cromwell went to a local grammar school in Huntingdon, where his Headteacher was an obdurate and stern puritan. Funnily enough he seemed to enjoy nearly all forms of sport including tennis, wrestling, swimming and many other sports. In 1616, at the age of 17 Cromwell was sent to Cambridge University. Here he was distinguished as a keen player of 'football, cudgels or any other boisterous game or sport. Unfortunately, after 1 year Cromwell had to return home to look after the estate that he had inherited. His father had left his mother comfortably off and Cromwell was later able to go to a place called Lincoln's Inn in London, and there he premeditated law. As he was studying in London, he fell in love with an attractive woman called Elizabeth Bourchier. Elizabeth's father was a wealthy merchant, but was not against her daughter marrying a country lawyer. They got married on 22nd August 1620. They were fully devoted to each other all their lives and the lived in Huntingdon. Huntingdon was the birthplace of 6 of their 8 children. Cromwell mainly lived the life a country gentleman and was a sensible young gentleman. He managed the family lands and estates and took good care of it. ...read more.


The king then asked for money to pay for the Bishop's Wars (Wars with Scotland). In return parliament demanded no more leadership under a king, and for arrest of two of the King's closest advisors, which were Archbishop Laud and the Earl of Strafford. Shortly, Charles tried to arrest some MP's but the commons refused to 'hand then over' and this was blatantly open defiance, so what would you now expect, CIVIL WAR!!! As Civil War broke out, the Royalists (King's side) had a bit of an upper hand with better cavalry, but the Parliamentarians managed to hang on and made the first few battles a draw. The first major battle (at Edgehill in October 1642) saw a draw and the battle was indecisive, but historians argue about what happened. The second battle (at Newbury in July 1643) proved also to be vacillating and nobody was claimed as the official winner. The third battle (at Marston Moor in July 1644) was won by the parliamentarians and the Scots, who were also on their side. After the third battle, the Ironsides were created (troops organised by Cromwell in East Anglia) and they too proved to be sturdy. But, during the winter on 1644, the Parliamentarians went ahead and created a well-advanced army which were known as 'The New Model Army'. ...read more.


Some good points about Cromwell: Prisons were improved They took better care of the mentally ill All births and deaths were registered The country became more organised Jews were allowed to live in England after a 200 year ban SOME people were allowed to worship as they wanted He improved the spiritual aspects of the English folk Cock-fights and bear-baiting were banned Cromwell thought that education was essential so he set new standards for teachers and children got a better education, even girls were tutored at home. Some bad points about Cromwell: Pies and Puddings were proscribed Dancing was banned All work on Sundays was forbidden Theatres were closed down Decorations were not allowed He never smiled Christmas was banned He banned nearly all forms of entertainment Cromwell, (as any other father would be) was heart-broken when his beloved daughter died in July 1658. He had not been in very good shape after he had returned from Ireland and his health was deteriorating. And he was now suffering from malaria and it was now fatal he was taken to London, where he died on 3rd September 1658. Prior to Charles II being King, Cromwell's son, Richard was lord protector but he was not up to it and wasn't to keen on the job, so the new parliament sent a letter to France addressing Charles II, and that he was invited to be king. So in 1660, another monarch arose... Chetak Barot 8A Arjan Singh 8A ...read more.

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