• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Opposition was the main problem facing Alexander III. How far do you agree with the statement?

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Opposition was the main problem facing Alexander3. How far do you agree with the statement? Alexander3 inherited the Russian Empire in the moment when there was urge for changes. His legacy from his father was the inception of newly introduced liberal movements. Even though Alexander was reactionary, it was mainly because he did not want to follow his fathers footsteps who was assassinated by nihilist group ?Peoples Will?, he couldn?t stop spread of so called ?Westerners? and radicals. It was crucial for Alexander to preserve his power as an autocrat, which meant that there were no room for opposition that could jeopardise his reign. But at that point he could still hold his control over Russia and opposition was too weak and divided to challenge the Tsar, at that time Empire faced more economical and social problems that Tsar needed to solve. As a child Alexander had Pobedonoscev as his tutor who was Tsars chief minister and leading official of the State Church. He was remarkable by his conservative views, being part of Slavophiles movement. It was easy for him to influence Alexanders views far before he became Tsar and even after his influence kept pursuing the young Tsar. Because of Pobedonoscevs doctrines Alexander believed in order for Russia to modernise it needs to follow old traditions, so he will be safe from repeating his fathers fate. ...read more.


The other problem that faced Tsar was extremist ?Peoples will?, so the way that Alexander replied to that is creating with the government Stature of State Security. There were special government courts to deal with the political rivals. Their power gave them a possibility to arrest the political enemies without a trial and execute them or exile them to Siberia. Thousands were repressed and mainly they did maintain political stability and destroyed ?Peoples Will?. Even though the aim was achieved and the main threat facing the Tsar did not exist anymore, they stayed until the end of monarchy in 1917. Tsar felt that there was the rapid spread of radical and liberal movements and it created another problem for him in his view. So he took the control of the press, its freedom was restricted. Fourteen major newspapers were banned from 1882-9 for displaying liberal ideas. Okhrana the secret police that Tsar created to do the practical job in preserving the stability also censored all foreign material that Russia imported. They made sure that such political ideologies as democracy and parliamentary government did not reach citizens mind. Even though Alexander thought that he destroyed extremist ?Peoples Will? there was a strong underground movement existing still. ...read more.


The fact that they needed to pay incentives to the government, which were harsh and that majority of Russian land did not give harvest yearly proves the economical instability. Workers had grim conditions and industries were only developed in Urals and textiles in main city. The Tsar did not cope with those main problems because it was important and possible for Russia to maintain same results as Germany and Austro-Hungary. But Tsar was focused on repressions and he thought it was his main problem. He did achieve short-term success in destroying the opposition , but long term effects were more horrifying. The spread of ideas did not stop and the dissatisfaction of the people grew which made his son Nicholas to face it. Also for instance, his repression of Jewish people led to their escape from Russia and create Jewish organisation the Bund, which joined Bolsheviks and made them more powerful. Arresting Lenin and sending him to Siberia for fourteen months made Ulyanov find a lot of supporters and start to create a plot of how to destroy monarchy. Femines and land issue seemed like a bomb that soon would explode, people did tolerate Tsar but to certain extent when they can at least feed their family. Focusing on opposition made Tsar forgetting about other issues in Russia and even though he thought that it was the main problem facing Tsardom he was mistaken. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. "Mussolini was an all powerful dictator" - How accurate is this statement?

    leader, and were weak liberals hated communists and vice versa In December Legge Fascistissime , which meant opposition parties and trade unions were banned Had control over the press anti fascist propaganda was viewed as treason journalists had to be registered with government, critics were removed and hostile newspapers could

  2. How well does Alexander II deserve his reputation as The Tsar Liberator(TM)?

    Peasants also had to pay redemption payments to the state for their new land for 49years; which often lead to the newly freed serfs to being tied to the land still despite permission to leave. The most deceiving concept of the Emancipation edict was that the peasants became free; serfs

  1. Journalism: The People's Witness

    Wilfred Burchett died of cancer in 1983, but long after his death public opinion still remains divided over Burchett's controversial career. Despite some people's belief about Burchett's motives, his journalism had an extremely significant impact on the times in which he lived, and is still relevant today.

  2. To what extent was Alexander III reign reactionary?

    As the Tsars chief minister and head of the church Pobodonostsev held enormous power, he was the organiser of the Tsars manifesto; it declared that absolute political power was held by the Tsar. The immediate task of the Tsars new government was to destroy the terrorist group The Peoples Will;

  1. 'Alexander III was the most successful Tsar in the period 1855-1917'. How far do ...

    Additionally, only 22 per cent of peasants took control of their own land through the reforms . However on the other, the moving of 3.5 million peasants to Siberia, 27 per cent of peasants leaving communes, the double in sales of machinery, and an increase in yield of two thirds,

  2. Was Alexander II more successful than Alexander III in coping with the problems ...

    Russia now looked to be on the path to developing a modern army on the Prussian model. However the Russo-Turkish 1877-1888 war saw the limitations of the army with the diminishing Ottoman Empire not being overrun by the new Russian army.

  1. How far did Alexander III successfully solve the problems he faced in 1881, by ...

    A major part in this was played by Minister of Finance named Sergie Witte who encouraged foreign investment and placed the Russian robel (Russian currency) on the gold standard. Since there was a lot of pressure that he had to face from some of his advisers in order to reform

  2. Alexander III bequeathed Russia a revolution. How far do you agree with this statement?

    One way in which dominating, repressive control was brought in was through the establishment of The Statute of State Security. This was issued by the new Interior Minister in August 1881. This statute included the return of government controlled courts and the establishment of the Okhrana (the secret police).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work