• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Tribal Studies Sioux Indians

Extracts from this document...


THE SIOUX HISTORY AND INITIATIONS The Sioux are one of the most commonly known tribes of Native Americans in the world. Their image was often used for many movies and television shows, and their pictures and paintings were used to show people around the world, what Indians looked like. The Sioux could be considered as the prototype of Indians in North America. However, this tribe is more than just one clan; these peoples were divided into three main tribes who lived in the northern plains of North America; the Dakota to the east, the Yankton in the middle, and finally the Lakota to the west, and each of these divided into subunits correspondingly. They came from Asia about 3,000 years ago and their features resembled those of the Japanese or Chinese. The word Sioux was given to these people by the Frenchmen, who degraded the word "Natawesiwak" from the Chippewa (Ojibiwa) tribe. The word Sioux meant "enemy" or "snake", even though the Sioux called themselves Dakota, which meant "friendly" and "ally". The Sioux followed a nomadic lifestyle since they were often moving from place to place and did not have a stable area were they lived. ...read more.


Boys who reached puberty went into a "Hanblecheyapi" or "vision quest" to accomplish manhood, in which they had to make contact with the spirit world, but first they had to purify themselves by taking a sweat bath in a willow-stick lodge covered with bison skins (Encarta). In addition, a shaman prayed and invoked spirits to help the boys in their initiation. After the purification, the boys had to walk through a hilltop only wearing moccasins and a loincloth. Once there, they had to stay for 4 days without any kind of food or contact with any human being until they reached a state where they had apparitions of spirits who would take form of an animal or human and who would give the boys some guidance that they should follow for the rest of their lives. Even though this ceremony was mainly done during the initiation of the boys, it could also be repeated at any time during the life of a Sioux Indian for the purpose of spiritual assistance. In the case of girls, they could also take a vision quest, although it was not very common and not as necessary as in the case of boys. ...read more.


The Sioux also prophesized that one day all of the white people would disappear and all of their dead relatives would resurrect and their old Indian life would be restored. In an attempt to end with the ghost dance movement, the United States Army attacked the remains what was once a great tribe. This war was called the Wounded Knee Battle, where many Indians died. Since then, the Sioux have lived in reservations in South and North Dakota, Nebraska, and northwestern Montana. Many Indians were forced to move to big cities and find jobs since they were living in extreme poverty and had no other way of survival. Nowadays, most of the Sioux reservations are very poor, and have no electricity or running waters. They try to preserve their traditional ways of living, and are governed by a tribal council and a chief, all elected by the tribe members. The initiation in young boys and girls is still performed throughout reservations, although it is only required for those jobs of chiefs or medicine men since the jobs of warriors are not being performed by Sioux Indians anymore. Even though the Sioux Indians have had so many difficulties during the last few centuries, they are still struggling for a life full of peace and harmony (Gibbon). ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level William Golding section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level William Golding essays

  1. The Indian Mutiny

    - The established a more personal relationship with British rule - 'littered Indian cities with her statues.' - Secretary of State for India to be appointed by PM. - Creation of the Minister's India Council. - Indian administration could now come under daily Parliamentary scrutiny (look closely).

  2. The First English Civil War

    At this moment, the military situation was as follows: the Marquess of Hertford in South Wales, Hopton in Cornwall, and the young Earl of Derby in Lancashire, and small parties in almost every county of the west and the midlands, were in arms for the King.

  1. Growth of Democracy

    It also helped parliament see the value of the men willing to die for their country. Soldiers as young as the age eighteen had been conscripted. It was simply not acceptable not to allow them to vote. Consequently the voting age was lowered to eighteen.

  2. War and Peace in the Middle East

    There may have been abundant natural resources, or there may have been large reserves of oil in that area. 4. Britain made promises to the Jews, the Arabs and the French in the war. Which of these peoples would feel most betrayed after the war?

  1. Research Paper; The Important Scientific Discoveries of the Renaissance: Medicine

    This meant that when he was sick, he would have to let out a lot of blood to get rid of the disease, or so he thought. When he did get sick, he tried many methods such as taking hyssop, cumin, licorice, and figs, but they did no good.

  2. The mystery of Stonehenge- theories about its construction and usage.

    Egyptian and Mycenaean travelers who were thought to have came to Europe in the Bronze Age. But with the development of modern techniques of research this theory was also abandoned as the megalithic monuments of Britain and Europe were shown to predate those of the eastern Mediterranean, Egyptian, Mycenaean, and Greek cultures.

  1. The Spanish Civil War

    as well as liberal politicians. The internal contradictions in the government, which had a liberal Prime Minister but a Cedista plurality in parliament, led to a limited ability to take action or make decisions. The policies of the CEDA led a number of centrists to break from the main liberal

  2. Winnebago Tribe Of NebraskaAt the time of first contact with Europeans in 1634, the ...

    The Winnebago speak a Siouan dialect called Chiwere (Sultzman). With the exception of the Dakota Sioux who were originally located at the western edge of Lake Superior, the Winnebago were the only Siouan speaking tribe of the Great Lakes. Their language is nearly identical to that of the Iowa, Oto, and Missouri.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work