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Pearl Harbor & US troops landing in At Anzio

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Introduction

David Ballard May 16, 2005 US history take-home test/ Paper Pearl Harbor Pearl Harbor is a natural harbor on the island of Oahu, Hawaii. One of the largest and best natural harbors in the Eastern Pacific Ocean, The U.S. Military has set up many military installations. On Dec. 7, 1941, while negotiations were going on with the Japanese in Washington, Japanese carrier-based planes came in without warning over Oahu and attacked the U.S. Pacific fleet in Pearl Harbor. 19 Naval vessels, including eight battleships, were sunk or severely damaged; 188 U.S. aircrafts were destroyed. Casualties for the U.S. were 2,280 killed, 1,109 wounded, and 68 civilians also died. The next day, the United States declared war on Japan. On the morning of December 7, 1941, planes and submarines of the Japanese Navy surprise attacked the US. This order was given by Vice Admiral Chuichi Nagumo. This attack brought the United States into World War II. ...read more.

Middle

The Japanese knew that they could now sustain themselfs, they decided to hit the Americans where it would cripple their Pacific Naval fleet so that japan could obtain some natural resources for itself. Negotiations went on in Washington, but both sides seemed to have decided that evading war was impossible. On November 25, 1941, with the negotiations still going on, the Japanese sent aircraft carriers eastward toward Hawaii and began setting up troops on the Malayan border. American military leaders, gave only general warnings to U.S. forces in Pearl Harbor. The Officers at Pearl harbor took few precautions to defend the attacks by the Japanese. US Troops Land At Anzio American forces landed at Anzio, just south of Naples, in an attempt to out flank the Germans. German resistance was fierce, and there were fears that the beachead would not hold. Determined fighting by American forces let them secure the beachead. Allied forces landed in the Italian peninsula in September of 1942 and fought their way up Italy as winter approached. ...read more.

Conclusion

Supply problems at Anzio, originally one of the main concerns of Allied planners, never reached a really bad condition. Beginning on January 26, six Large Supply Transporters left Naples daily for Anzio, each carrying 1,500 tons of supplies in 50 trucks. After driving off the ships at Anzio, the trucks moved directly to the front line with ammunition, fuel, and rations. These trucks were replaced on the LSTs by the fifty empty trucks that had made the voyage the previous day. In addition to LSTs, fifteen smaller ships arrived each week, and every ten days four massive "Liberty" ships delivered heavier equipment. Between 22 January and 1 June over 531,511 tons of supplies were unloaded at Anzio, averaging 3,920 tons a day. In conclusion, Anzio was a very bloody battle fought by the Allies against mostly German forces. Because of this, the Allies were able to eventually able to liberate Rome. This gave the Allies a foothold in Italy. This caused Italy to eventually change sides and the Allies to win the war. ...read more.

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