• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Poland was the most important factor in the deteriorating US-Soviet relations"

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Do you agree with the statement, "Poland was the most important reason for deteriorating US-Soviet relations in 1944-1945? The breakdown relationship between Soviet Union and USA was inevitable; one country's policies were far too radical for the other. However, after the World War 2, Soviet Union and USA were leaning towards co-operation; Stalin agreed to give Poland free elections and 'democracy' at Yalta conference in February 1945. Concessions made showed that both countries realized that it was in the best interest to continue to co-operate. Yet, US-Soviet relations persist to deteriorate. Many argued that Poland was the major factor for the origins of Cold war, while some believed that the dispute over Poland was a trigger to an already doomed collaboration together with conflict over post-war economic reconstruction and threats of atomic weapon. Britain, USA and Russia or the 'anti Hitler coalition' attended the Yalta conference in February 1945 to discuss the aftermath of the war on Europe. It was easy to agree to bring Nazi war criminals to trial, admit Russia into the United Nations and divide Germany into four zones. But tension was raised over the kind of government to be set up in Poland. Many believed that the conflict over Poland was important such that it highlighted the incompability of USA and Russia policies. ...read more.

Middle

Differences in ideology caused the friction between both countries; the USA was a capitalist democracy and USSR was communist dictatorship. Both sides believed that they held the key to future happiness of the human race. Poland was just one of the series of clashes and misunderstandings which widened more and more into open hostility. Prior to Yalta, Soviet and USA liaison proved to be under strained already. The two sides argued the opening of a second front to relieve the burden of the Red Army against Germany. Roosevelt promised a second front to Stalin in 1942 yet this never happened therefore causing friction in the relation. The lack of trust between USA and Russia foreshadows the fate of this cooperation. Stalin did not trust his allies enough not to pursue Hitler and sign a separate peace sign with Nazi Germany. He feared his allies and the Nazis would turn against communist Russia. The depth of mistrust was profound that Stalin sent spies to live in the United States to provide him with information regarding the activities his wartime allies were involved in. Through this, he found out about the Manhattan project that was building an American atomic bomb which only intensified their relations. The suspicion was shared by America towards USSR. ...read more.

Conclusion

Adopting the isolation policy, the Soviets treated their zone as a self-contained economic entity which exist exclusively for their economic benefit. Punishment of defeated enemy and economic exploitation were the twin principles of Soviet occupation policy. Tension was heightened when American and British zones had send reparations from their zones but did not receive food and basic commodities from the Soviet's zone. It was very apparent at this point that Soviet Union and USA were incapable in establishing a harmonious cooperation. Poland was without a question an important reason to the deteriorating US-Soviet relations. It highlighted Stalin and Roosevelt's untrustworthiness and confirmed that differences in ideologies and interest created severe friction that post war cooperation did not seem achievable. However, the dispute over Poland did not start or unravel a problem that was not already there. The depth of mistrust and the massive scale of intelligence work towards their allies prior to Yalta conference showed that the relationship was doomed from the very beginning and it was only a matter of time before both sides openly display animosity towards one another. Poland was important in a way that it made up the chains of events that widen more and more to an open hostility, but it was no more important than post-war economic reconstruction, atomic weapon and occupation in Germany. These other factors warrant equal emphasize in bringing out the hostility harbored by both sides from the very beginning on to world arena. ?? ?? ?? ?? Khal H. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 essays

  1. Revision notes - the USA 1945 to 1980

    They found it hard to register to vote, usually by intimidation but sometimes by forcing them to pass a test in order to vote. They were terrorised by the local Ku Klux Klan, and could expect little protection from the police.

  2. Why the Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima was Justified.

    1.8 billion dollars foreign aid was given to Japan: more than half of which was American money (Peace Newspaper generated by Japanese Teenagers: Peace seeds: Q & A about Hiroshima/ the Atomic-bomb [Did Hiroshima Receive Aid from America in the Aftermath of the Bombing?]).

  1. Roosevelt(TM)s aims of relief, recovery and reform 1933-1945

    The programme was to be self-financing through the tax placed on companies that processed food. The AAA did reach their goal of increasing farmers' income because it rose from $4.5billion in 1932 to $6.9billion in 1935. The decision to slaughter 6 million piglets to boost pork prices promoted a public outcry.

  2. Why were the Liberals defeated in the general election of 1874?

    From these figures, it would seem Gladstone would have to tread carefully, especially over religious questions, and this, of course, involved allied matters such as education and general social discrimination, particularly as these non-Anglicans had a radical reputation when approaching matters of this kind."

  1. Eleanor Roosevelt.

    So she dropped the correspondence and began working behind the scenes to get immediate relief payments for the evicted farmers. It was apparent that Eleanor had become a major political asset to her husband. Eleanor's personality would not allow her to take a second off and now she had a

  2. Theodore Roosevelt

    to the White House, and sent Cabinet members to Congress to gather support and to exert his influence. Department heads attended caucus meetings and information was poured into Congress. And, although bills were not yet sent openly from the White House to the Capitol, party friends were provided with drafts

  1. Two legal codes that have influenced the U.S are The code of Hammurabi and ...

    About the middle of the 5c B.C.E. the Romans codified their laws and inscribed them on twelve bronze tables which were set up in the Roman Forum. These Twelve Tables were the basis of all later Roman law, and through it, of the legal system of much of the world

  2. Do you agree that the wartime alliance between the USA and the Soviet Union ...

    One of the key reasons for the prevention of the spread of communism for the west was the loss in trade. Communist countries do not trade with capitalist countries. Therefore as more countries become communist, the capitalist market for trade shrinks and with it the opportunity for exploitation.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work