• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Political issues far outweigh religious issues in explaining the outbreak of revolt in the Netherlands by 1572?

Extracts from this document...


Political issues far outweigh religious issues in explaining the outbreak of revolt in the Netherlands by 1572? In explaining the causes for the outbreak of revolt in the Netherlands by 1572 both the political and religious issues are inextricably linked. However, it can be argued that without the continuous political issues arising, stemming from the alienation of the grandees through the introduction of the bishopric scheme, the consulta and effectively the removal of Granvelle, the religious issues were indeed no different to those of previous decades which concerned Charles V and were thus the basis to what the new political issues were founded upon. One of the long term causes of the Dutch Revolt can be seen through the constant discontent of the grandees due to the alienation of their power, due to the fact that they were under foreign rule and thus there was little national feeling amongst the people of the Netherlands, in each province, and great resentment against Philip II and Spain. This dislike was further fuelled by the fact that Philip made no attempt to learn to speak Dutch or French, like the former ruler his father Charles V, and had little respect for the Dutch customs, privileges and traditional rights. ...read more.


The growth of heresy initiated many of the new religious reforms which in turn had many political consequences. The religious issues however were particularly fundamental. With the introduction of the Bishoprics Scheme in 1561, the increased new amount of fourteen bishoprics and 3 new archbishops also brought along a new wave of inquisitors to stamp out heresy, which therefore led to further political implications not only those of religion. Heresy had been growing in the Netherlands since Charles V reign when it had first started to spread from Germany. This new increase of heresy can be seen as to why the bishopric scheme and the inquisition where introduced as Philip had been well known for being uncompromising on matters of religion. One cause of the Dutch Revolt was indeed primarily concerned with religion, the Bishoprics Scheme, however had large political implications, as for the grandees it was the political implications that they were more against, rather than the introduction of the new diocese and appointment of bishops. One example as to why the grandees were angered was because of the fact that with the Bishoprics Scheme, anticlericalism was combated, and thus abuses such as nepotism and simony were brought to an end. This ending, of in particular nepotism, therefore hindered the bishops as they now found it difficult to find a place for their illegitimate children to reside. ...read more.


It can be seen that religious factors were indeed important in terms of motivating the revolt yet only up to the year of 1572. After the 'Petition of Compromise' and thus Margaret's relaxation of heresy laws meant that hedge preaching of was able to thrive in an environment where it would not be suppressed and thus heresy grew from the ideas spreading from Germany. This hedge preaching can be seen as the trigger cause of the Iconoclastic Riots in 1566, a religious cause, and therefore religion was seen as the main driving force by the peasants. With the Sea Beggars attack on Brielle in 1572, the religious differences between Spain and the Netherlands concerning Catholicism had come to the forefront of the reasons for the Revolt. However the religious policies of Philip II had not differed greatly to those of Charles V, and thus it can be seen that during Charles' reign; the involvement of the grandees was much more integrated, however Philip managed to alienate the grandees (e.g. with the introduction of the Consulta and the Segovia letters which consequently brought Alva). Therefore it can be seen that the causation of the Revolt was purely religious, Orange sided with whichever political body could further his own cause at the time. ?? ?? ?? ?? Alex Reeves European History A2 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Historical Periods section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Historical Periods essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    To what extent was warfare between Britain and France the main contributory factor in ...

    3 star(s)

    The participants were Britain, Prussia and Hanover against France, Austria, Sweden, Saxony, Russia and eventually Spain. The alliances had shifted since the Tar of Austrian Succession quite considerably, this was a result of the Diplomatic Revolution in 1756. With the alliance of Austria and Britain on the rocks, both nations

  2. How successful was Philip II in implementing his religious policies?

    However there continued to be a power struggle between Philip and the papacy throughout his reign, and the jurisdiction over heretics was continually fought over. If Philip was to have formed better relations with the Papacy, he would perhaps have been more successful in raising clerical standards with the help of the Pope.

  1. To what extent was the Dutch Revolt in 1572 primarily caused by Religion?

    The Calvinists were harmless enough, but through Alva's forceful introduction of the Tenth Penny the rulers of towns were too scared of the prospect of starvation to prevent the sea beggars' iconoclastic destruction. The Protestants actions were hardly threatening; they attended open air services with preachers who made up in zeal what they lacked in education.

  2. Assess the political, social and cultural significance of Versailles in the reign of Louis ...

    France's dominance in Europe can also be witnessed through its cultural influence in Europe. Many monarchs, especially the German princes, built their own versions of Versailles. Emperor Leopold built Sch´┐Żnbrunn in 1695 as a Viennese Versailles. Versailles represented French power and grandeur, an idea which was admired and duplicated by many other princes at the time.

  1. Assess the view that Philip II as king of Spain was Absolute in Theory ...

    that Philip was still influenced by some of his advisors to make decisions; therefore was limited in practice in terms of his decision making. Lastly Philip II's foreign policy was to affect much of Europe. In many senses Philip II had too many responsibilities and not enough financials to respond to his foreign problems.

  2. To what extent was Philip II personally responsible for the problems he faced in ...

    Furthermore had Philip visited he may have been able to understand the complicated provinciality of the Netherlands and in doing so made better decision relating to each province. On the other hand there are some factors that Philip wasn't personally responsible for which caused problems for him in the 1560's in the Netherlands.

  1. 'Enlightened and tolerant of religious difference.' How far does this statement accurately describe Sicily ...

    Roger also adopts much from the Byzantines, not just their art. He uses their purple parchment for his royal bills and was even buried in a Byzantine styled sarcophagus. Roger the II also had a great thirst for knowledge, showing a great interest in learning about cultural differences.

  2. In the context of India in the 1840s to 1947, how far can independence ...

    The Congress victory in the 1937 elections meant they now had a clear majority, but the Muslim League only secured 109 of the 402 seats which were allotted to them. This proved that whilst the majority of Hindus supported the Congress, only a small proportion of the Muslims supported the Muslim League.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work