• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Prohibition - The Importance of January 16th 1920 to the US.

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐AP Unites States History II Micaela Tracey January 16th, 1920 Despite repeal and feuding opinions, January 16th of 1920 is greatly important to American history. The enactment of prohibition startled the public with the expedience of its approval, but the moral of temperance is greatly influential in the history of prohibition. Reactions to the 18th amendment and Volstead Act caused social rift between ?wets and drys?, political scandal and pay offs, and economic decline. The influence of the 18th amendment was immediate within the 1920?s, the longest successful prohibition of alcohol, and forthcoming in future court rulings and interpretations of similar crisis?. Consequently this date in history proves to be a crucial event in American history. Prohibition was not a new solution to the communities of the United States. Temperance was used as a solution to problems of social immorality such as in 1733, James Oglethrope, a British general, attempted to outlaw alcohol in the Georgia but was unsuccessful because of outlaws within the Carolinas and caused colonist to ignore the law (Nishi 12). This attempt at a non-alcoholic community failed and proved to be a foreshadowing of what would occur almost two centuries later. Other events that brought about the ultimate events of January 16th, 1920, would be the numerous governmental legislation of minor restraints on alcohol previous to the 18th amendment. The first would be in 1846 when the Supreme Court gave the right to regulate the sale of alcohol to the states. ...read more.


Carroll was later seen driving down a regulary patrolled highway and Carroll was then pursued and pulled over. His car was then searched where offcials found illegal liquor in the back seat (Engdahl 195). Due to the Natoinal Prohibition Act, police officers were given the right to search private property with a warrent if they assumed reasoning to believe that was illgally trafficed subtances. The court rulled that search without a warrent was valid, however noted that this use of warrentless searching must be accopminied by probable belife that the vehical was in fact transporting illegal substances and that the vehicle could be moved a warrant could obtained. Results of this controversy were retrospect into the validity of using this search on cars but invalidity of using this type of search on homes (National Archives). Politically, many believed, in agreement with Robert Armstrong, that prohibition would bring about massive political reform. Tammany Hall was a large political machine that had a stranglehold on most of New York state. The Tammany Society used it?s headquarters of the saloon and a large tribute to the organized crime of bootlegging and the underground alcohol industry. Tammany Hall used it?s pull with the gangsters within the business of distributing alcohol to take over towns and gain support and create a political empire over New York City. This continued to become widespread and soon most major political figures would be gaining revenue from owning saloons and taking in information from various mobsters (SUNY). ...read more.


Milton Friedman, a Noble Prize winning economist, warns against the measures of drug control that will cause immense danger in the drug and innocent bystanders like those within the 1920?s did (Engdahl 176). Another problem formed from prohibition is shrinking dry counties seen today in the United States. Dry counties are cities or areas within the United States that forbid the sale of intoxicating liquors and are more commonly found in the southern region of the country. Due to the right determine alcohol laws given to states in the 21st amendment, some states do not make illegal the sale of alcohol, which could hinder revenue from liquor taxes, but make availability of alcohol fairly limited. However, studies have shown the restricting the access to alcohol causes consumer to drive farther to get wet counties. This then causes a more larger likelihood of alcohol related collisions and a higher rating of vehicle crashes and fines in dry counties. In conclusion, the importance of January 16th of 1920 is found throughout the history of the United States. Prohibition was the result of many previous attempts at temperance and was thought to be to solution to multiple troubles of the time. The legislation of the 18th amendment and Volstead Act caused immense influence with social and political morality and the cause of the Great Depression. Prohibition also lead to the inevitable repeal in the 21st amendment and even later acts of temperance and ?dry countries today. The 18th amendment and Volstead Act are pivotal to America?s movement of rights and development of crisis aversion within its past times. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 essays

  1. Free essay

    How successful was Prohibition?

    4 star(s)

    drinking establishments with which previously they had been able to keep record thanks to local ordinances , taxes and licensing laws and regulations. Prohibition not only eliminated these political tools but wiped a whole industry over night forcing it underground and out of the control of authorities.

  2. Causes and Consequences Watergate

    By July 1974 time was running out for Nixon. Tape-recordings existed of every conversation held within the Oval Office but Nixon had resisted their release by claiming executive privilege. In a unanimous decision, the Supreme Court demanded that they be handed over.

  1. To what extent was the failure of prohibition due to the involvement of organized ...

    As a result of prohibition the number of arrests for drunken drivers, thefts, burglaries and assaults increased but also the federal prison population rose by 31%. Gangs became organized and were able to control the political makeup of the government through their supplies as well as voting support.

  2. Roosevelt(TM)s aims of relief, recovery and reform 1933-1945

    Despite of all this the PWA's successes were limited, one problem was that it was only set up to create jobs for the skilled workers which still left the problem of the millions of unskilled workers. The PWA offered relief and recovery to Americans because it lowered unemployment and got industry going again; created more jobs for further skilled workers.

  1. Civil Rights Revision Cards 1945-68

    Economic status ? legislation paved way for a richer black middle class. Black unemployment decreased (by 34%) as did percentage of blacks below the poverty line (by 25%). However, 1. Plans to further help blacks hit by Watts riots and Vietnam war (cost of war and Johnson angered by King?s anti-war stance)

  2. How successful was Prohibition in the 1920 to 1930s?

    Making alcohol banned naturally lead to increase of prices on it and difficulty of its supplying. Therefore, while in towns to find alcohol supplier wasn't such a big problem, they were hard to find where people were agreed with Prohibition.

  1. Assess the view that the introduction of National Prohibition in the USA was inspired ...

    many felt they were ?taking control? in their mission to ?shut down saloons?. Jeanette Rankin was the first woman to sit in the House of Representatives and the only member of congress to vote against the USA?s entry into both of the World Wars.

  2. The Great Depression, causes and effects.

    With no produce to sell and pay loans the financial institutes were forced to take over the land and close down the farms leaving farmers unemployed and in many cases homeless. It was said that around 300,000 to 400,000 farmers migrated from Oklahoma and surrounding states, west to California.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work