• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Propaganda in WW1

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Propaganda was seen by many as another form of warfare, just as important to the end result as the actual fighting. It was used to encourage unity within a nation and justify countries' involvement in the war. Propaganda was rife in many forms in both the allied and central countries throughout World War 1. This was done to reach a greater audience than could be done with just newspaper articles. The effect that propaganda had was immediate and it also had a lasting effect which went beyond the war period. Propaganda was highly organised and regulated, and was used to promote patriotism and nationalism within a country. There were many techniques that were used to create this propaganda, so that it was believable and effective. To be effective, propaganda needs to be closely aligned with the deepest feelings within the country. It taps into these feelings and builds them. Therefore the propaganda in each country has subtle differences. For example the pro-war posters from England commonly romanticised the war, portraying the soldiers as heroic and larger than life. Any corpses that were shown were usually unfocused and distant. Another common aspect of these posters was that they contained patriotic images, such as the country's flag. ...read more.

Middle

By promoting ideas and, often, inviting the listener to sing along in groups as a shared experience, music helps achieve the goals of the propagandist. Besides the instantaneous generation of emotions, the most effective propaganda songs have qualities that make them memorable while relaying their messages in a fashion that is not too emotionally extreme to be accepted. An example of World War 1 propaganda in the form of music is an American song called Over There2. When this song was written America had just entered the war and had not yet experienced any of its horrors and was eager to march to war. However, anti-war sentiment was still strong among the American citizen. Over There capitalises on this excitement and encourages a sense of patriotism with listeners. George M. Cohan composed Over There, a march containing lyrics that stressed patriotism and a sense of national identity. It was one of the most successful American pro-war propaganda songs, enthusiastically inspiring the American spirit of confidence about the ability of their troops to end the war and return home safely. Since it was a march, it was easily sung and enjoyed, and proved to be an effective propaganda tool at the onset of the war for recruiting and homeland support. ...read more.

Conclusion

The impact of propaganda produced during the war lasted many years after and can still even be seen today. The hate between countries that was shaped during the war still resounds in some countries. Professor Vernon Kellogg asked "will it be any wonder if, after the war, the people of the world, when they recognise any human as a German, will shrink aside so that they may not touch him as he passes, or stoop for stones to drive him from their path?"5 This shows to what extent propaganda reached every corner of these countries. Propaganda was used as another form of warfare, by both allied and central countries. It was used to sway public opinion and generate patriotism and support for the war effort. Many different mediums were used to spread these messages, so that a larger audience could be reached. Propaganda was a very effective tool in creating momentum and support for the war, but it also induced a feeling of hate between countries. Whether for good or evil propaganda was an effective part of warfare that was used by all. 1 The New York Times, Bleeding Belgium, October 29, 1914, Copyright The New York Times. 2 George M. Cohan, Over There 3 http://www.diggerhistory.info/pages-posters/0-cat-index-posters.htm 4 L'Entente Cordiale 1915. 5 Vernon Kellogg ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Hitler's use of propaganda.

    Catherine's College, among others), it is also possible that this book was written with didactical aims. Nevertheless, he has attempted to be objective by using a variety of sources to complement his own view. This allows the reader the reader to draw his own conclusions.

  2. Leni Riefenstahl The Propagandist or Artist? A Historiographical Debate.

    few weeks before the faithful gathered in Nuremberg for the Congress that threatened to spoil it. * Encouraged by the German establishment, especially the army, and pressured by the French, Hitler, with Goebbels and members of the SS and the Gestapo murdered Rohm and his entire command at Bad Wiessee

  1. What are the Main Different Types of Messages Conveyed by Bolshevik Propaganda During the ...

    It also shows him that Bolshevik propaganda relied mainly on imagery and very little on written word. Aside from that, it can be seen that the Russians were religious people that followed the Church, since Trotsky is depicted as St.

  2. Causes of WWI and the roles of Women before WW1

    Due to the Industrial Revolution, you have companies capable of mass production. Governments believed that if they were able to take-over companies / restrict their production so as to focus on military advancement, they would be able to overwhelm the enemy.

  1. Evaluate the significance of the use of tanks had in the outcome of WW1

    The tank had finally been approved as battle ready and was shipped out to the frontline where they were first used at Flers - Courclette on September 1916. This was due to the horrendous conditions caused by trench warfare in the Battle of the Somme.

  2. In the years before WW1, Germany was progressing towards an effective parliamentary democracy. Do ...

    Historians, such as Geoff Eley have recognised the importance of these popular movements. It is argued that the elites lacked any real union of purpose and that the Kaiserreich was a state of many regions with very different political and cultural traditions.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work