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Propaganda was an essential weapon in the war against Germany

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Introduction

"Propaganda was an essential weapon in the war against Germany" To what extent do you agree with this opinion on the role of Propaganda as used by the British Government during World War One? Propaganda according to the Oxford English Dictionary is "Dissemination of ideas and information for the purpose of inducing or intensifying specific attitudes and actions" which basically means using items to persuade people to a certain way of thinking or to get them to support their cause. The First World War was the first "total war" which meant that the whole world would be affected by this war in some shape or form. This meant that Propaganda would play a very important role in the First World War. There are many types of propaganda that were used in the First World War. They were: * Film * Newspapers * Leaflets * Speeches * Radio * The Tank * Posters * Paintings and Pictures I would say that Propaganda played a very important in the defeat of Germany as things such as Recruitment Posters and Leaflets persuaded many people to join the fight or to support the cause. The aims of Propaganda are: * To create hatred or suspicion of the enemy * To create support or to get people onto the persons ...read more.

Middle

But this poster is trying to reassure them that it is ok for them to go, in fact the women want them to go! This is very manipulative and also a very powerful image. The way in which the word "GO!" is in capital letters and the biggest word in the poster, shows that it is meant to be eye-catching and distinctive to the person viewing it as "GO!" means go to war it is a very important word. This table shows how volunteers for the army fell in just a few months. This was because Christmas had been and went (everyone had expected the war to be over by then), everyone had heard stories of the heavy losses of British troops. For example, in March 1915 the British army lost 11,000 men at Neuve Chapelle; then, in September 1915, 60,000 British soldiers were killed at Loos. The fall in the number of recruits meant that the Government could no longer rely on volunteers, so in May 1916 conscription was introduced. All men aged between 18 and 41 now had to join the army unless they were working in essential industries. So at this time there was a drop in the use of Propaganda for recruitment posters because everyone had to fight anyway This poster is of some British soldiers reading a German newspaper. ...read more.

Conclusion

It helped to create an image of Britain being superior and better while at the same time; it made Germany out to be evil and weak. When, in reality, both countries were as evil! I think that Propaganda did play a huge role in Britain's defeat of Germany. If Propaganda weren't used, would so many people have volunteered for the army? Would the people have been so supportive or confident? Would they have hated the enemy so much? Conclusion I agree very far with the statement that Propaganda was an essential weapon in the war against Germany as it meant that it encouraged a lot more people to sign up for the army, encouraged women to be involved as well even giving information on how to make do during a war. It may not have turned out that way had Propaganda not been used. However, if both sides wouldn't have used Propaganda I don't think it would have had an effect on the outcome of the war as at the end of the day it takes people and machinery and their resolve to win a war, not posters and newspaper articles. Also, if propaganda had not been used, it would probably not have made that much of a difference to the outcome of the war but without sufficient evidence of it not being used, I can not make a further judgement ...read more.

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