• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Questions on "The use of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki".

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Questions on "The use of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki" 1. What are (a) the similarities and (b) the differences (if any) in the justifications given by Byrnes (Source A) and Makins (Source B) for the use of the A-bomb? The similarities between Source A and B are that both authors believe that the United States was under pressure and correct in dropping the bomb. The authors of the sources were Americans that were involved in the decision making whether to drop the bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki Source A states that, "....Any weapon that could bring an end to the war and save millions of casualties among American boys was justified..." a similar statement appears in Source B stating "Americans were poised for the invasion of Japan and it was estimated that that operation might cost up to a million lives." Both these quotes show justification that that the dropping of the bomb on the two Japanese cities was necessary. The differences between the two sources are that in Source A the author focus's on bringing the war to an end by stating, "It was our duty to bring the war to an end at the earliest possible moment." ...read more.

Middle

The difference in these two sources is that they are written by two different authors who saw this in a complete different way. Leahy saw this from the point of view as the chief of staff to Roosevelt and Truman where as Hart, a historian, saw his perspective years later after he had collected evidence to come up with a conclusion. Leahy states in his source that Japan was ready to surrender due to a number of reasons such as; the sea blockade that the United States had placed in the east, the starvation that had overcome due to war, and also the bombing of regular weapons in the country but scientists wanted to test the Atomic bomb. Hart as a historian states, "But president Truman and most of his chief advisors were now as intent on using the bomb to accelerate Japan's collapse as Stalin was on entering the war against Japan before it ended, in order to gain advantageous position in the Far East." The United States wanted to make sure that Russia did not claim any "spoils" from the war that were to be gained in the Far East. ...read more.

Conclusion

Source G was later written by Hart who was a historian; he was in no way involved with the government and stated his perspective from viewing different sources that were used as evidence. Both Makins and Brynes mention in their articles that the bomb was dropped on Japan to save lives and to end the war in a more effective way. Sources A & B have a biased point of view because of the scenario that they are in, being that both authors were involved with the United States government at the time, and also understanding the issue at first hand. Makins and Brynes know the motivations that the United States government had in dropping the bomb such as keeping Russia away from Far East. Hart on the other hand looks back and states that a strategic reason would have been more important. Also he believes that there was no need to drop the bomb on Japan because they were ready to surrender. In his article he states, "This surrender was already sure..." making this not a personal statement. Hart has the advantage of looking at two biased views and coming up with an objective that suits the situation. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. was the dropping of the atomic bombs justified?

    The fact that the atomic bombs were already produced by the time President Harry Truman was President gave President Truman an obligation to use the atomic bombs. Scientists strongly suggested that they could have just given Japan a big warning by demonstrating the power atomic bomb.

  2. Truman had several reasons for dropping the atom bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

    this was mostly in the form of posters showing the atrocities of destroyed fleet. Many scientists and historians have questioned whether part of Truman's decision to drop the bombs was to test this new type of weapon. A previous nuclear test explosion was conducted in a desert in New Mexico

  1. WWII Atomic Weapons Were Justified

    The atomic bomb helped not only the United States but also Japan to lessen economic issues in the aftermath of the war. For the United States to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki was a large interest for its military.

  2. Was The Dropping Of The Atomic Bombs On Hiroshima And Nagasaki Justified?

    Japanese were willing to fight against America until the death. This was a concern for America as they knew that Japanese had about five million men and five thousand suicide aircrafts, America had to fight back with power and chose the atomic bombs to do so.

  1. Vietnam Coursework Sources Questions

    This would have sparked off other protests and led to a feeling of general bitterness felt towards the government about the war in Vietnam. Another reason for growing concerns was the Tet offensive in 1968. This made many people feel that America had truly lost the war as the Viet

  2. An evaluation of the United States decision to use atomic bombs against Hiroshima and ...

    If they had, one of the available alternatives to the use of the atomic bomb may have been employed. The alternatives existing were a land invasion of the Japanese mainland, or the use of diplomatic negotiations such as modifying the American demand for unconditional surrender or using Russian aid as a threat against Japan.

  1. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    East Beirut was also occasionally shelled. Amin Gemayel made plans to deploy the Lebanese army in the Shouf as a buffer between the LF and the PSP but Walid Jumblatt objected and accused the army of being agents of the Kataeb and so he prepared for warfare by aquiring war materials from the Syrians.

  2. World War One Sources Questions

    During these attacks, hundreds of thousands of men were tragically killed; his fact is well presented in this film. Also, details such as the use of chorine and mustard gas are shown in the film. This was another way in which men were slaughtered during the war Perhaps the greatest

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work