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Reign of Louis XIV - major events and politics revision notes.

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Introduction

The Reign of Louis XIV Religious Wars & pwr struggle -1572-st. Bartholomew's Day Massacre-6 week nationwide slaughter of Huguenots in Paris Henry of Navarre -1589- Catherine & her last son died, Prince Henry inherited throne -Henry IV- 1st king of Bourbon dynasty in France -gave up Protestantism & became Catholic -1598-declared Huguenots could live in peace in France & set up own houses of worship in some cities- Edict of Nantes -devoted his reign to rebuilding France & its prosperity -restored French monarchy to a strong position -1610-fanatic jumped into the royal carriage & stabbed Henry to death Louis XIII & Cardinal Richelieu -son of Henry -1642- appointed a strong minister who made up 4 his weaknesses -Cardinal Richelieu-ruler of France, pursued ambitions in pol. Arena -2 steps -1. Moved against Huguenots-forbade protestant cities 2 have walls -2. Weakened nobles pwr-ordered them 2 take down their fortified castles- incr. ...read more.

Middle

Leaders distrusted 1 another more than Mazarin -2. Gov used violent repression -3. Peasants & townsppl grew weary of disorder & fighting Louis Weakens the Nobles' Authority -Mazarin died in 1662, 22 yr old Louis took control of gov -excluded nobles from his councils -incr pwr of gov agents- intendants- collected taxes & administered justice Economic Growth -devoted himself 2 helping France attain economic, political, & cultural brilliance -minister of finance- Jean Baptiste Colbert -theory of mercantilism -tried 2 make France self-sufficient 2 prevent $ from leaving country -manufacture everything instead of relying on imports -gave gov funds & tax benefits 2 French companies -placed high tariff on goods from other countries -colonies provided raw materials & market 4 manufactured goods -colbert died, Louis made a policy that slowed France's eco progress -1685-cancelled the Edict of Nantes-thousands of Huguenot artisans & business ppl fled the country-took France's many skilled workers The Sun King's Grand Slam -surrounded himself in luxury Louis Controls the Nobility -nobles wanted 2 be noticed by Louis -nobles @ palace incr royal authority in 2 ways -1. ...read more.

Conclusion

-dragged on until 1724-Treaty of Utrecht was signed that yr -Louis's grandson could remain King of Spain as long as thrones of France & Spain were not united -Great Britain won -took Gibraltar & Spain granted a British company an asiento (permission 2 enslaved Africans to Spain's American colonies-incr Britain's involvement in trading enslaved Africans -France gave Britain N Amer territories of Nova Scotia & Newfoundland & claims 2 the Hudson Bay region Louis's Death & Legacy -died in bed in 1715-prompted rejoicing throughout France -France was a pwr 2 be reckoned w/ in Europe, ranked above all other European nations in art, literature & statesmanship, F= military leader, allowed F 2 develop strong empire of colonies, recources & goods -constant warfare & construction of Versailles=F in debt -resentment over the tax burden imposed on the poor & Louis's abuse of pwr would plague his heirs & eventually lead 2 revolution ...read more.

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