• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Reign of Louis XIV - major events and politics revision notes.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Reign of Louis XIV Religious Wars & pwr struggle -1572-st. Bartholomew's Day Massacre-6 week nationwide slaughter of Huguenots in Paris Henry of Navarre -1589- Catherine & her last son died, Prince Henry inherited throne -Henry IV- 1st king of Bourbon dynasty in France -gave up Protestantism & became Catholic -1598-declared Huguenots could live in peace in France & set up own houses of worship in some cities- Edict of Nantes -devoted his reign to rebuilding France & its prosperity -restored French monarchy to a strong position -1610-fanatic jumped into the royal carriage & stabbed Henry to death Louis XIII & Cardinal Richelieu -son of Henry -1642- appointed a strong minister who made up 4 his weaknesses -Cardinal Richelieu-ruler of France, pursued ambitions in pol. Arena -2 steps -1. Moved against Huguenots-forbade protestant cities 2 have walls -2. Weakened nobles pwr-ordered them 2 take down their fortified castles- incr. ...read more.

Middle

Leaders distrusted 1 another more than Mazarin -2. Gov used violent repression -3. Peasants & townsppl grew weary of disorder & fighting Louis Weakens the Nobles' Authority -Mazarin died in 1662, 22 yr old Louis took control of gov -excluded nobles from his councils -incr pwr of gov agents- intendants- collected taxes & administered justice Economic Growth -devoted himself 2 helping France attain economic, political, & cultural brilliance -minister of finance- Jean Baptiste Colbert -theory of mercantilism -tried 2 make France self-sufficient 2 prevent $ from leaving country -manufacture everything instead of relying on imports -gave gov funds & tax benefits 2 French companies -placed high tariff on goods from other countries -colonies provided raw materials & market 4 manufactured goods -colbert died, Louis made a policy that slowed France's eco progress -1685-cancelled the Edict of Nantes-thousands of Huguenot artisans & business ppl fled the country-took France's many skilled workers The Sun King's Grand Slam -surrounded himself in luxury Louis Controls the Nobility -nobles wanted 2 be noticed by Louis -nobles @ palace incr royal authority in 2 ways -1. ...read more.

Conclusion

-dragged on until 1724-Treaty of Utrecht was signed that yr -Louis's grandson could remain King of Spain as long as thrones of France & Spain were not united -Great Britain won -took Gibraltar & Spain granted a British company an asiento (permission 2 enslaved Africans to Spain's American colonies-incr Britain's involvement in trading enslaved Africans -France gave Britain N Amer territories of Nova Scotia & Newfoundland & claims 2 the Hudson Bay region Louis's Death & Legacy -died in bed in 1715-prompted rejoicing throughout France -France was a pwr 2 be reckoned w/ in Europe, ranked above all other European nations in art, literature & statesmanship, F= military leader, allowed F 2 develop strong empire of colonies, recources & goods -constant warfare & construction of Versailles=F in debt -resentment over the tax burden imposed on the poor & Louis's abuse of pwr would plague his heirs & eventually lead 2 revolution ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Historical Periods section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Historical Periods essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    To what extent was warfare between Britain and France the main contributory factor in ...

    3 star(s)

    reason the Grand Alliance didn't declare war officially until 1702, this was also due to William III's death in 1702. The war lasted over a decade with the majority of the fighting taking place in Europe, in Spain, Italy and the low lands.

  2. Assess the Reign of Amenhotep III

    In his identification and claims to be an incarnation of Amun, a main deity, who he no longer fell subject to the Amun priesthood's religious will, but rather was in a more dominant position over them, further reasserting his authority as Pharaoh-god.

  1. To what extent was the Dutch Revolt in 1572 primarily caused by Religion?

    1573 yet the revolt still continued, supporting instead Peter Limm's idea that it was Philip to blame, as his underlying social tensions lasted throughout his reign from paranoia of the amount of Calvinists - suggested by Geoffrey Parker. However it is important to see that Alva's presence was a significant

  2. The First English Civil War

    of Sir John Hotham, the governor, and his son, the commander of the Lincolnshire Parliamentarians. The latter had been placed under arrest at the instance of Cromwell and of Colonel John Hutchinson, the governor of Nottingham Castle; he escaped to Hull, but both father and son were seized by the citizens and afterwards executed.

  1. chartism revision

    * July Poor Law Amendment Act passed * August GNCTU dissolved 1835 * September Municipal Corporations Act passed 1836 * March Newspaper Act passed, reducing stamp duty on newspapers to 1d per issue * June Formation of London Working Men's Association [LWMU] * August Formation of National Radical Association of Scotland Long Term Issues 1)

  2. Why was Charles V unable to prevent the spread of protestantism?

    It could be argued that if church had agreed to a general council at the diet of spires and resolved the abuses of the church many princes would have continued to support Charles and enforce the Edict. This would have condemned Luther an outlaw far earlier and decrease his chance of survival.

  1. Assess the view that Philip II as king of Spain was Absolute in Theory ...

    For example, although the Council of state, the council of war and Finance were all centralised under Philip, his Secretary of state, Perez, was the main conductor of it all. This is also backed up by a statement said by Philip in parkers interpretation; "I don't know if people think I'm made of Iron or stone.

  2. The events in India in 1856/7 were caused by the issue of the new ...

    The main indicator of this was of course they issue of the cartridges being greased with either cow or pig fat which insulted both Hinduism and Islam. ?It confirmed the Sepoys old suspicion about a conspiracy to destroy their religion and convert them to Christianity? Bandyopadhyay; From Plassey to partition.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work