• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Russia, 1905 - 1917, The Causes of Revolutionary Change. Using your knowledge of the events of 1917 (March - November) explain how the Bolsheviks were able to take over the government in November.

Extracts from this document...


GCSE History Coursework Russia, 1905 - 1917, The Causes of Revolutionary Change Q3. Using your knowledge of the events of 1917 (March - November) explain how the Bolsheviks were able to take over the government in November. The Bolsheviks were able to take over the Government in November 1917 by exploiting the mistakes made by the Provisional Government, their unique ideology, Lenin's policies and propaganda, and an element of luck. These were the main factors for their seizure of power, but other factors combined together to allow the Bolsheviks to complete their objective. The Bolsheviks seized power, because they had a unique ideology. Their ideology was that a revolution had to be created, instead of just waiting for it to happen. They thought that they had to lead from the front. The Social Revolutionaries were unable to lead a revolution as they were too sparsely spread out across Russia, which is a vast country. The Mensheviks thought that a revolution would spontaneously occur as a larger proportion of the population urbanised. The truth is that this would never happen in the near future, because currently only about nine or ten percent of the population inhabited the cities. ...read more.


On the 27th of August Kornilov marches his troops from the front towards Petrograd. When Kornilov's troops reach Petrograd, army discipline collapses and they abandon Kornilov to join the Red Guard. Now the Red Guard has the weapons of Petrograd, and an extended army due to the mutineers. The Provisional Government had made a huge mistake. They had given not only some, but all the weapons of Petrograd to the Red Guard leaving themselves defenceless. After Lenin had control of weapons, which were supplied to him by the Provisional Government, and an army that had rapidly gained support from the public and mutineers. He now had all the correct tools, which he needed for a job that he had masterminded: to take control of Russia legitimately. Now, he had time on his side, so he waited for the correct time to take control. The day he took control finally fell on the 6th November 1917, because that was the day before the All Russian Congress of Soviets was to meet. Due to his impeccable timing, he was able to take control before this meeting, which was to decide the fate of the Russian political system; therefore he was able to claim legitimacy. ...read more.


The Bolsheviks' unique ideology was that they should end the war, while the rest of the newly formed political parties wanted to carry on with the war effort for the same reasons as the Provisional Government did, and that was because they didn't want to be seen as cowards. The Bolsheviks knew what the people wanted, and stimulated them accordingly with the use of some crowd-pleasing policies and propaganda. The Bolsheviks' leader Lenin's astute timing of the day to seize power, the day prior to the meeting of the All Russian Congress of Soviets. Luck did have a part to play in this seizure of power, and without it, the All Russian Congress of Soviets would probably have become the legitimate controlling body of Russia, but circumstances played into the hands of the Bolsheviks. The aggressive political tactics of the Bolsheviks: the idea that you had to go out and create a revolution did eventually pay off, as if they had done what the Mensheviks had done, then the revolution would never have taken place, and Russia would be ruled by another body. The prime reason for success was the masterminding and swaying of public thought, courtesy of the Bolshevik leader, Lenin. Pratik Vats 10T ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Russia 1905-1941 'Explain how the unpopularity of the Provisional Government contributed to the Bolshevik ...

    If the Provisional Government was to gain the support for the war from the Petrograd Soviet it would weaken their position furthermore as it would involve giving more power to the Petrograd Soviet. However there were two major reasons for the Provisional Government's decision to carry on with the war.

  2. Stalins Russia, 1924-53 revision guide

    By 1938 it was producing 5,000 tons of steel a day. There were many other examples like this. * The fact that Russia was able to resist German invasion in 1941 - just - and then go on and capture Berlin is ample evidence of the success of the Five Year Plans.

  1. The 1917 Revolution.

    With the end of the "July Days" Kerensky became Prime Minister but his appointment on July 21 did not please those army officers, landowners and businessmen who wanted the Soviet brought firmly under control. Such people felt that Kerensky was the wrong man for this job because of his close

  2. Why did Tsarism survive the revolution of 1905 but not that of March 1917

    On top of this, strikes to mark the anniversary of Bloody Sunday had broken out, along with protests about food shortages and poor working conditions. The country underwent a major food shortage because of the effort in the war; the soldiers needed supplies and resources, and nothing was done about

  1. Why did the Bolshevik Revolution of November 1917 succeed

    The strength and size of the Red Guards allowed the Bolsheviks to intimidate and exert their influence on less powerful political groups and the provisional government itself, as well as being a symbol of the Bolsheviks, which their supporters could rally around.

  2. How important was Lenin in bringing about the Bolshevik revolution of November 1917?

    The film is again inaccurate about the leaders of the revolution. Trotsky, a vital man in the revolution was nearly completely cut from the film so he wouldn't win a leadership battle with Stalin after Lenin had died. Trotsky was indeed a main part in the drama of the revolution.

  1. "The leadership of Lenin was the main reason why the Bolsheviks were able to ...

    Source E also agrees with the statement as it states that Lenin was 'a genius as a leader' and that he 'acted wisely and with great courage'. It say that the Bolsheviks were 'highly organised and well disciplined', showing that Lenin's leadership influenced the Bolsheviks.

  2. The Bolsheviks were able to seize power in October 1917 mainly because of the ...

    Kerensky and the Provisional government were now heading towards a final collapse and led to the start of the revolution. By October 1917, The Bolsheviks were in a position to succeed in seizing power from the Provisional Government, although

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work