• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Sir Walter Scott once stated, "Oh, what a tangled web we weave, when first we practice to deceive." His statement affirms that conspiracies have always been a reoccurring matter.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Sir Walter Scott once stated, "Oh, what a tangled web we weave, when first we practice to deceive." His statement affirms that conspiracies have always been a reoccurring matter. The event of December 7, 1941 has become one of the most controversial debates in American history. On this day, Japan launched a surprise attack on the United States' Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor. Not only did the attack devastate the nation's public, but the deception and betrayal of high government officials contributed to a national controversy. Due to the superiority of American naval intelligence, forewarnings of the bombings at Pearl Harbor were revealed to the president 15 months ahead of time. Contrary to the belief that government conspiracies cannot possibly happen, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's foreknowledge of the Pearl Harbor attack remained a secret in order to provoke the United States into a second world war. Many people believe that if a conspiracy concerning the issue of Pearl Harbor did exist, the United States was the only nation that knew about the forewarnings. ...read more.

Middle

Roosevelt's popular war quote was, "I won't send your boys to war unless we are attacked". Hypocritically, Roosevelt provoked Japan to commit an overt act of war and indirectly stimulated United States involvement. The radio intercept stations had worked efficiently for years. Japan was kept under tight surveillance. This nation's actions were always made apparent to Washington. An intercepted transmission from the Japanese fleet to its headquarters in Tokyo was decoded to indicate the exact date of a Japanese attack. Technologically advanced naval trackers even discovered the position of this Japanese fleet. Roosevelt was presented all of this information. Lieutenant Commander Arthur McCollum also partook in an attempt to provoke the Japanese to initiate a war atrocity on the United States. McCollum advantageously devised an eight-part plan to instigate an attack on the United States. In addition, Naval Intelligence discovered a Japanese spy reporting to the Japanese government the whereabouts of the Pacific Fleet. Instead of arresting this suspect, Roosevelt permitted him to continue his covert operation. ...read more.

Conclusion

Intelligence officers in Washington were deliberately prohibited from transmitting specific information to Short and Kimmel. In this case, the White House opposed a prepared Pacific Fleet. The attack was blamed on the naval incompetence of Short and Kimmel. Even though Kimmel was relieved of his position, he believed that the navy department had used him as a scapegoat to avoid acknowledging public responsibility for its own errors. The government manipulated, and in turn did use some Americans in order to prevent their hindrance of a Japanese provocation. Pearl Harbor is a prime example of government treating human beings like guinea pigs. Franklin Delano Roosevelt once said, "Sooner or later the Japanese will commit an overt act against the United States and the nation will be willing to enter the war." His intentions seemed to hold much clairvoyance. Radio-intercepted messages, cracking of Japanese codes, McCollum's eight action plan, and the tracking of Japanese ships all indicate the certainty that Roosevelt knew of the attack on Pearl Harbor. Since there was a strong isolation movement after World War I, admittance into a second world war was strongly opposed. Roosevelt's only option was to provoke an attack. 1 Critelli ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. To what extent did the United States force Japan to attack Pearl Harbor and ...

    Their assets were taken way. In 1934, there was an Emigration Act that biased against the Japanese which later followed by Canada, Brazil, Cuba, and Mexico. Thus, under such a circumstance, every act done by military men were regard as saving the mother country, and to eradicate their big evil.

  2. Dr. W.E.B. Dubois

    As delegates, Nkrumah and Kenyatta joined with W.E.B. Dubois and other African Nationalists at the Fifth Pan-African Congress. This congress was the most significant ever held due to the strong presence of a solid African delegation. It was in this congress that the first real demands were made calling for revolutionary change in Africa.

  1. Free essay

    To what extent are Walter Scott(TM)s novels a product of the Scottish Enlightenment? Discuss ...

    From such a theory Hutcheson founded the principles of moral utilitarianism whereby the highest virtue ought to come from providing the 'greatest good for the greatest number' Galvin, 2002: p.206).

  2. History of the United States

    It drew up declarations of rights and grievances and called for nonimportation of British goods. Colonial militia began drilling in the Massachusetts countryside. New Englanders were convinced that they were soon to have their churches placed under the jurisdiction of Anglican bishops.

  1. 'The Pearl Harbor Conspiracy' Who was at fault? Was it a surprise or was ...

    Bleeding, mangled, charred, the wounded cried out in agony. Corpses floated in the harbor and came to rest nose down in the sand. When the last Japanese plane soared off, eighteen U.S. naval vessels including eight battleships had been sunk or heavily damaged. More than 180 aircrafts were destroyed, and another 120 crippled.

  2. The Illuminati Conspiracy Manifesto.

    Privately owned firearms or weapons of any kind will be prohibited." The sheer magnitude and complex web of deceit surrounding the individuals and organizations involved in this conspiracy is mind boggling, even for the most astute among us. Most people react with disbelief and skepticism towards the topic, unaware that they have been conditioned (brainwashed)

  1. War strategies of Sir Arthur Currie.

    Sir Arthur Currie's responsibility was to command the 1st Canadian Division (Hyatt, 1987). He pushed his troops to undergo rigorous training and to prepare themselves by using a life-size course, with every trench marked by tape and a flag (Dancocks, 1985).

  2. Asian Pacific Americans; Accomplishments and Tribulations

    The white community would never hire Asians into certain white work areas. Whites were more than happy to hire the Chinese for work they did not wish to do themselves, or where they could provide a beneficial service. For instance, the Chinese laundries, the farmers who supplied fresh vegetables, and

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work