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Sir Winston Churchill

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Introduction

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill was a British politician. He is best known for his leadership skills throughout World War II and being Britain's greatest Prime Minister. He served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945, and again from 1951 to 1955. He was also noted as a great orator. Churchill also served in the British Army as an officer. In his spare time, he enjoyed painting and writing about history. Winston Churchill was born on November 30, 1874 in Blenheim Palace, located in Blenheim, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom. He was the oldest son of Lord Randolph Churchill and Lady Jennifer Jerome. Churchill also had a brother, John Strange Spencer-Churchill. At the age of twelve, Winston was sent to the Harrow School. While at school, he struggled with receiving passable marks in his courses. However, he received high marks in English and in History. He was also involved in many activities at school such as fencing and the Harrow Rifle Corps. In 1893, at age sixteen, Churchill left the Harrow School to purse a military career. He applied to the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst. It took him several attempts before he pass the admittance examination. Ironically, Winston graduated eighth out of a class of one hundred and fifty. After his graduation, he was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the 4th Queen's Own Hussars in 1895. During this time, he also began to write as a correspondent in Cuba for the London Daily Graphic. ...read more.

Middle

Churchill spent most of his time perfecting his talents. He began painting and writing under the pseudonym of Charles Marin. He finished his six-volume Marlborough: His Life and Times, which was a biography about his ancestor John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough. He also was touring throughout the United States giving lectures. During a session of Parliament, Churchill spoke out and cried, "Britain's hour of weakness is Europe's hour of danger." He frantically collected as much information as possible on the German rearmament to awaken Britain. However, his attempt did not work. In 1938, Neville Chamberlain, the Prime Minister, sacrificed Czechoslovakia to appease Hitler. Churchill was a critic of this, and during a speech to the House of Commons, Churchill said indirectly to Chamberlain, "You were given the choice between war and dishonor. You chose dishonor, and you will have war." After the outbreak of World War II, Winston Churchill was appointed First Lord of the Admiralty, and a member of the War Cabinet. However, something better would be coming along for Winston Churchill. A truly life changing experience was awaiting him. Eight moths later, Winston Churchill succeed Chamberlain as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, as Chamberlain was forced to resign. Once Churchill took power, armed forces of Germany were sweeping throughout Europe like wild fire. He told the British people, "I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears, and sweat." ...read more.

Conclusion

His free time was occupied with painting and writing. On January 15, 1965, Winston Churchill suffered a severe stroke that left him deathly ill. Nine days later, he died at his home, on the morning of Sunday, January 24, 1965. He was 90 years old. Ironically, he died exact 70 years after his father. Queen Elizabeth II requested that Churchill's body would lie in state for three days and would have a state funeral. His funeral was held at St. Paul's Cathedral. This was the largest state funeral not for a member of the Royal Family. Today, he is buried in the family plot at St. Martin's Church, Bladon. Sir Winston Churchill left his mark on history. He was a great wartime leader. He was also a man with many talents. He was a biographer and historian, a painter, an orator, and a soldier. Because of multi talents, he was able to become "The Greatest Briton," as determined by a poll held by the BBC in 2003. There are many memorial attributed to his name. Some of these memorials include the following: The Churchill College at Cambridge, Blenheim Palace, Westminster College: Churchill Memorial and Library, and Sir Winston Churchill Secondary School. Some people say that Churchill was larger than Britain itself. He was so full of life. He persevered throughout his life for what he felt was the best for his people and the world. Winston Church is remembered today as a man who was "easily satisfied with the very best." ...read more.

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