• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Stalin's Foreign Policy

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Stalin's Foreign Policy "We do not want a single foot of foreign territory but we will not surrender a single inch of our territory either" Stalin. With the advent of the Russian Communist revolution in 1917, a new political and economic system came into being. As the sole communist state in the world, the USSR has no natural allies and was regarded with great hostility by the West. These feelings were reciprocated by the Russians, who were deeply suspicious of the capitalist West. Who were remembered with essentially negative feelings given their interference in the Russian civil war. So it was that when Stalin came to power that he adopted a conservative foreign policy. He took a mainly defensive position as he sought to deep the Western powers at bay while consolidating communism and building up Russia under his policy of 'socialism in one country'. In order to do this Stalin needed peace, which led to a fear of war which was of 'incredible intensity' To achieve peace, Stalin continued to make use of the 1922 Treaty of Rapallo with Germany. ...read more.

Middle

It approved of Communist co-operation with Liberals and Socialists which became known as the popular front. This new period of European pan-socialism gave rise to Popular Front governments in countries such as France and Spain in the 1930's. It was in this administration however, in Spain that gave rise to the Spanish Civil War of 1936. A conflict which Stalin saw fit to involve himself. During the war Stalin sent sufficient aid to prolong rather than win the war. There was never more than 2,000 Russian personnel in Spain, along with a small amount of tanks and planes at any one time. The rise of Hitler in Germany, circa 1933, led to an end of the period of German-Russian co-operation. In September 1934, Russian entered the League of Nations even though Stalin had earlier condemned it as a 'capitalist club'. This was part of his policy of collective security. Stalin sought to exploit every diplomatic tool at his disposal to avoid being caught alone in a war with Nazi Germany. ...read more.

Conclusion

In an effort to gain valuable preparation for a was he now saw as inevitable he signed the Nazi-Soviet non-aggression pact in August 1939. This allowed for 10 years when neither would attack the other and a secret clause allowed for the partition of Poland if either power invaded. In September 1939 WWII broke out with the German invasion of Poland. Stalin moved quickly to secure the lands promised to him by the Nazi-Soviet Pact. An atmosphere of co-operation continued between Germany and Russia with Russia providing Germany with oil, grain and war materials and allowing German ships use of Russian naval bases. Disagreements arose over proposed areas of German occupation in the Baltic states which saw a dip in Nazi-Soviet relations. This led to Hitler giving the order for Operation Barbarossa in June 1941. This took Stalin by surprise as he had not expected the attack while Germany was still engaged in the Battle of Britain. The Russian army was not ready which allowed for the speed and success of Hitler's first moves. Yet eventually Stalin and the whole of Russia fought back against the invaders and 'tore the guts out of the German army'. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. "The most important aim of foreign policy 1933-1936 was to overthrow the terms of ...

    It was soon after the takeover that they also took over Bohemia and Moravia, which were close by. Neville Chamberlain was declared a national British hero for avoiding war even though 3 days after he got back to Britain Germany took over the rest of Czechoslovakia in October 1939.

  2. "Hitler's foreign policy successes between 1936 and 1939 rested on his remarkable tactical skills ...

    the Rhineland, and it would be fair to assume that he had expected Schuschnigg to simply give in to his demands.

  1. 'PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS OUTWEIGHED IDEOLOGY IN FOREIGN POLICY' IN RELATION TO GERMANY IN THE YEARS ...

    to ensure that Germany does not end up having to battle the West to achieve it's outcomes. During the period 1939-41 historians such as Carr believed Hitler had 'lost his bearings'. Hitler had always intended to destroy the polish state, his ideology was to recover West Prussia and thus smash

  2. Causes of show trials + purges of 1930s.

    After he won he expelled Trotsky from the party. Trotsky was later assassinated by one of Stalin's agents. Stalin main aim was to transform Russia into a completely industrial country that could compete with the rest of Europe. When Stalin took over Russia, Lenin had completed a few of his

  1. Hitlers Germany

    The significance of the religious factor can best be seen in Bavaria: the northern part, which was heavily Protestant, tended to vote Nazi while Catholic southern Bavaria gave the Nazis their lowest vote in any section of Germany. This was, of course, where the party had started and where its leadership was still based.

  2. Apeasement Did the policy of appeasement go to any great lengths toward stopping the ...

    was dominant within British society and Chamberlains policy was to appease Hitler´┐Ż(tm)s actions stating that "Germany has the right to station their troops anywhere within its own country." Continuing with this view lord Lothian sated they are "only going into there own back garden."

  1. Did the policy of appeasement go to any great lengths toward stopping the outbreak ...

    Under the treaty of Versailles the Rhineland was declared a demilitarised zone, this can be looked upon as an act of aggression as it breaks the terms of the treaty of Versailles, and also the Locarno agreement. Hitler's decision to remilitarise the Rhineland at this stage of events was triggered

  2. Explain the role of Czechoslovakia in the appeasement story.

    In November 1937 Chamberlain sent his foreign secretary Lord Halifax to find out what the German grievances were and what they were after. Halifax met Goering at a hunting meeting and conveyed the British view that if Germany was looking for territorial changes Britain was willing to go along with Germany's demand provided they conducted it in a peaceful way.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work