• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Teotihuacan is especially famous for its large pyramids dedicated to the Sun and the Moon. The Pyramid of the Sun is the largest building in Teotihuacan and one of the largest in Mesoamerica.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Mesoamerica is a region in the Americas, extending from central Mexico out to Honduras and Nicaragua. The cultural history of Mesoamerica is divided in three distinct periods: The Preclasic, the Classic, and the Postclasic, which stretch from the 2000 BC., to the Spanish conquest. Over the course of these periods, Mesoamerica witnessed the birth and fall of many civilizations. Of these, perhaps the greatest indigenous civilization is Teotihuacan. Founded around 200 BC, this huge metropolis dominated Mexican life for nearly half a millennium. Reaching it's height in the 5th and 6th centuries, its influence towered over both the Maya and Zapotec alike. Teotihuacan is most remembered today for the legacy it left Mexico, not just Mexico's, but some of man's greatest achievements to this day, the Pyramids of the Sun and Moon. ...read more.

Middle

Its slight northwest orientation from the horizon allows the view of many important astrological events that were believed to affect agriculture and belief systems of the ancient society. The Pyramid of the Sun was constructed in two stages: the first construction stage, around 100 C.E, brought the pyramid to nearly the size it remains today. The second stage resulted in its completed size of 738 feet across and 246 feet high, making it the third largest pyramid in the area. It also consisted of the construction of an altar on top of the pyramid, which has not survived to present day. Only a few surviving artifacts have been found in and around the pyramid. ...read more.

Conclusion

The most recent discovery is a tomb made to dedicate the fifth phase of construction. Containing four human skeletons, animal bones, jewelry, obsidian blades, and a wide variety of other offerings, archeologists estimate that the burial occurred sometime between 100 and 200 A.D. As archaeologists dig beneath the Pyramids of the Sun and Moon, they find various clues to the history of this mysterious culture. Since so little is known about the Teotihuacan civilization, the artifacts left behind provide archaeologists with links to their origins and way of life. In addition, the pyramids are tremendous feats of architecture for their time. One of the largest structures ever built in the ancient Americas, its aspect today is the result of reconstruction and consolidation carried out in the early part of the twentieth century. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Historical Periods section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Historical Periods essays

  1. What was the impact of the Norman Conquest

    Corporal punishments were pretty much the same as before. People's oaths were taken into account and allegations would be dealt through the local church, or if serious, undergo trial. This involved three kinds of ordeals (hot iron, hot water, cold water) but the Normans proposed 'Trial by Battle', where both the accuser and accused would duel.

  2. Strategy in Cortes' conquest of Mexico

    Cort�s' battles with the Tlaxcallans were his first preview of Mesoamerican warfare, and also served as a preview as to what might be in store for him when he finally confronted Montezuma. In his letter to the Spanish emperor, Cort�s suggests that he was able to end fighting with the

  1. Consider David Starkey(TM)s and Francis Pryor(TM)s respective versions of the nature and extent of ...

    All this continues to demonstrate the pressures and at least the reality of the threat of invasion by Anglo Saxon. Zosimus writes that in 410 there was a major Barbarian invasion of Gaul and says "The Barbarians from beyond the Rhine, ravaging everything at pleasure, compelled both the inhabitants of

  2. Roman Architecture

    The great sanitary conditions of the bath house were major factors that helped to make the Roman Empire the cleanest until the 19th century. The grand and magnificent public structures that the Romans left behind are the greatest monument to there once great empire.

  1. The mystery of Stonehenge- theories about its construction and usage.

    In the early 18th century, Aubrey's views became known to William Stukeley who declared Stonehenge and Avebury to be a temple of the Druids. Although the idea became very popular and many people still believe that Druids were responsible for building Stonehenge historians as well as archeologists claim that druids

  2. Notes on Cleopatra and her links with Rome

    Cleopatra VII fled to Syria when she was expelled from Alexandria and raised an army of supporters. Overview of Ptolemaic Egypt's political and social structures In 332, the Macedonian king, Alexander the Great conquered Egypt and gave a new capital to the old Kingdom along the Nile, Alexandria.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work