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The acquisition of Granada in 1492 was the most important factor in securing Isabella and Ferdinands authority in Spain in the early years of their reign. To what extent do you agree with this view?

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The acquisition of Granada in 1492 was the most important factor in securing Isabella and Ferdinand?s authority in Spain in the early years of their reign. To what extent do you agree with this view? The Communeros were groups of rebels composed mostly of townspeople, but also including some clergy and nobles. The revolts erupted in the northern town of Castile sparked by Charles demands for funds from the Cortes to support his bid for the crown of the Holy Roman Empire. The Communeros revolt overlapped with that of the Germania, albeit in different states of Spain, making it a more dangerous revolt than it might otherwise have been. It was also more serious because a number of revolts broke out in different places at similar times. There were a range of factors and events that led to the outbreak of the Communeros revolt beginning in May of 1520, only to end with defeat at the battle of Vilalar in 1521. One of these was that Charles I was basically a foreigner to the Spaniards and remained so for most of his reign. ...read more.


Loyalties to Castile or Aragon were important. Juan De Padilla, a member of the Riberas faction, made written demands that a meeting of town representatives should be held to discuss the fact that Charles had slighted Castile by spending too long in Aragon. Some of this opposition was also spurred on by Padilla?s wife, who felt that her husband had not been justly rewarded for his loyalty to the crown. Castilians were angry that senior government posts were given top Burundians? rather than Castilians. Religion was also a factor. A group of friars made it clear to their local Cortes in Santiago that they would not support any agreement by the Cortes to grant money to the king. Jews were also scapegoated. In 1521, the Constable of Castile suggested that the converses were the root of the cause of the revolt despite the lack of evidence. A further grievance was that of the much respected cardinal Cisneros was replaced by a 17 year old as archbishop of Toledo. ...read more.


To say that the Communeros revolt lacked in cohesion and a sense of purpose is unfair. The purpose of the revolt was itself unity therefore there is no way in which the Communeros revolt could have lacked cohesion. Nevertheless, the lack of cohesion can be identified in the demands of the rebels, there were concerns regarding the lack of unity, this included the missed opportunity to join the Germania revolt, and also the rivalry between towns in Castile particularly prevented a co ordinate movement. The impact of the Communeros revolt, Elliot supports the view that Spain was now more open to change, therefore it can be argued that the purposre of the war was to be able to gain freedom for the kingdom, after the war, with regard to domestic change such as ?Castilian Liberty? was ?crushed and defenceless in the face of restored royal power?. It can be said that the Communeros revolt was a confused affair as there was not just one single aim. There were many purposes to the war, religious, political, social and economic, therefore it can be said that the Communeros revolt was a confused affair lacking in cohesion and a sense of purpose. ...read more.

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