• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The affects of the cold war on Russian economy

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

F.A.Korentsvit The affects of the cold war on Russian economy As we know now the cold war and the race of super- powers certainly had an influence on the Russian economy. Different historians argue a different time period for the cold war. Some of them say that the cold war has its roots in the causes of the first world war. Nevertheless for this essay it will be assumed the most common dates, with the start of the cold war in 1945. There were several reason and parties that caused the cold war to start. For example you could name the west's general fear of communism, and the soviet union's constant fear of being attacked. Now the question occurs, was the Cold War the ultimate reason that made the Russian economy develop the way it did, and furthermore cause severe poverty ? From my point of view the Cold War was the dominating fact in terms of development and investments, which as already mentioned were directly followed poverty through out the whole country. In the year 1945 Russian economy had recovered from the low point in 1942, though it was still seriously damaged from the war. At that time most of western Russia was wrecked. The state Committee of defence had remained in full power until the regular governmental organs restored on September 1945. ...read more.

Middle

8 In fact this more than optimistic plan of outputs for the year 1950 was reached and furthermore greater outputs than the plan had stated were achieved. While heavy industry and rearmament were more than recovering and promoted by the last five-year plan, only very insignificant improvements were planned for the light industry, such as food. And even those expectations were not archived in a single sector, 9 that affected Russia's population in terms of living standards most. This first totally peaceful year 1946 proved to be a very difficult one. Severe droughts caused the slight improvements in outputs of agricultural products to shrink again. Many people and especially peasants in Ukraine were starving to death 10 as very few investments were made into the light industry sector which were immediate results of the relation between investments into heavy industry and into light industry was more and more getting out of balance. The first peaceful time in years had not brought confidence and the will of rebuilding the country itself but it had caused much more the feeling of danger in Stalin his fellowship and later in Khrushchev. Since the war had ended all Russian economy was focused on rearmament. Huge projects of development of new weapons of mass destruction were launched. ...read more.

Conclusion

It was much more the ideological ideas of Soviet leaders. It was Russian communist history and the Soviet Union's leaders love towards the nation rather than towards their people that decided Russian economic development. These ideological ideas of the great Soviet Union existed before the war remain now and will very like be there for the next fifty years as well. Footnotes: 1) An economic History of the USSR, Alec Nove, , London ,1969, p. 295 2) An economic History of the USSR, Alec Nove, London ,1969, p.296 3) An economic History of the USSR, Alec Nove, London ,1969, p.298 4) Stalin " Autobiography" , Richard Luri, , Moscow, 1999, p. 127 5) An economic History of the USSR, Alec Nove, London ,1969, p.297 6) Memories of an unreal ambassador, Alexander Bovin, Moscow, 2000 , p. 196 7) An economic History of the USSR, Alec Nove, London ,1969, p.297 8) An economic History of the USSR, Alec Nove, London ,1969, p.298 9) An economic History of the USSR, Alec Nove, London ,1969, p.298 10) Letters of relatives , years from 1938 -1950 11) " Sawerscheno Secretno", Henrich Borovik, Moscow, 2003 Nr. 12 12) Memories of an unreal ambassador, Alexander Bovin, Moscow, 2000 , p. 234 13) Historical Documents, , Moscow, " Kitchen Debate ", Moscow, July 24, 1959, http://edition.cnn.com/SPECIALS/cold.war/episodes/14/documents/debate/ 14) Historical Documents, , Moscow, " Kitchen Debate ", Moscow, July 24, 1959, http://edition.cnn.com/SPECIALS/cold.war/episodes/14/documents/debate/ ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    "Please get out the list and please, with my full authority, use a heavy hand," he told one assistant. "Act as a burr under the saddle and get things moving!" But even Roosevelt's personal involvement could not end the problems that kept developing around the lend-lease program.

  2. UNIT 6: PAPER 6b: THE SOVIET UNION AFTER LENIN

    Millions died, especially in the countryside. * A key debate amongst historians is whether the advances could have been achieved in a more humane way, or was Stalin right that the only way to modernise the Soviet Union was by force and terror?

  1. The Cold War was a big rivalry that developed after World War II.

    The Capitalists believed that being free of control is much more important than everyone being equal and alike. Another factor of this was the Yalta Conference, a meeting about how Europe was to be organized after WW2. Held in February 1945, Roosevelt, Stalin, and Churchill met at Yalta.

  2. How True is it to say that the period 1953-1962 saw a relaxation of ...

    The USSR was also satisfied, as union with Germany was once again forbidden, and the Austrians pledged to remain neutral in any conflicts between East and West. This meant that they could not join with NATO, nor be included in the Warsaw Pact which was set up shortly afterwards.

  1. When and Why Did the Cold War Start? Was any Individual or Power the ...

    is holding to a course of the defeat of the USSR in order then to make an agreement with Germany...at our country's expense'. . [Leffler, M. 'Origins of the Cold War 2nd ed' 2005] In Churchill's defense it was noted in Lord Alanbrooke's diaries that the Second Front should have

  2. While surfing the channels on TV you might hear a lot of news about ...

    We never know when will we be threatened. And we see that everything is connected, every tiny happening has its own link to some past happenings. If we focus on these tiny connections, we will probably be able to find the roots of the big bum (9/11).

  1. Civil War and Reconstruction 1861-77

    Frontal charges became inevitable in order for battle to take place at all. Given that much of the South was heavily forested, opportunities often rose for an enemy by sneaking up on its opponents as the Confederates did at Shiloh in 1862 and Chancellorsville in 1863.

  2. How is the development of the Cold War best explained in the period 1945-50?

    The imposition of communist governments on to eastern European states made the American fear for the freedom and security of Western Europe. The containment policy was established by the United States aiming to halt the spread of communism throughout the world.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work