• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The American Civil War was not caused by real and deep rooted divisions between North and South, but by the manipulation of the public by a small group of Southern fanatics' Do you agree? Explain your answer

Extracts from this document...


'The American Civil War was not caused by real and deep rooted divisions between North and South, but by the manipulation of the public by a small group of Southern fanatics' Do you agree? Explain your answer fully The American Civil War can be blamed on many reasons, one of which could be the strategy of the Southern extremist group, the 'fire eaters' they claimed that the Southern way of life was in danger of an abolitionist attack and was going to happen imminently. There were some very influential politicians from the South in this radical group, such as William Yancey and Louis Wigfall. Yancey sat in the US congress and over the years his belief in the absolute state rights grew. He resisted the 1850 Compromise and was one of the first to propose a Southern Confederacy in 1858. He also was a major part in the break up of the Democratic Party and disliked the candidacy of Stephen Douglas for the presidential nomination, after those elections of 1860, once Lincoln was elected; he drew up Alabama's Secession Ordinance. Wigfall was a member of the US Senate and became a leader in the attempt to reassure southern slave-owner's freedom to live in the territories with their slaves. ...read more.


Lots of short term events that ended up increasing intensity which resulted in the fire-eaters pushing for secession, this push for secession produced the problems with Fort Sumter, and then caused the first shots of the American Civil War to become. However, on the other hand can the American Civil War be blamed all on a group of Southern fanatics, there was a lot of real and deep rooted division between the Northern Republican Party and the Southern pro-slavery followers, such as economic and social factors, political factors, the fight over slavery and the Kansas-Nebraska Act. By the start of the American Civil War, the North and the South had developed into two very different expanses. Different social, economic and political views slowly pushed the two sections further and further apart. Even though compromises had kept the Union together for many years, in 1860 the situation was volatile, Abraham Lincoln was voted president and this was viewed by the South as a danger to slavery and this provoked the war. During the early 18th Century, economic differences between the regions also increased, by 1860, cotton was the widely-produced crop and represented 57% of US exports. The productivity of cotton concluded the South's reliance on the plantation system and its vital element, slavery. ...read more.


As the Southern states seceded they seized and occupied most of the federal forts within their borders or off their shores, only four remained in the hands of the union. Fort Sumter stood guard in the mouth of the harbour of Charleston, South Carolina. The troops within Fort Sumter were running out of supplies so when supplies were taken by an unarmed merchant vessel, the Confederacy fired at them, one of the first shots of the American Civil War. The American Civil War, I think, largely comes down to the sectional problems throughout the years, however, I do believe that the southern fanatics, the fire-eaters played a part in the fall down in communication between the North and South which could have possibly prevented the American Civil War. However, not all can be blamed on the South; the North did play a part in the problems, with extremists such as John Brown and his incidents. However, I think it was the combination of the long-term causes, such as the difference in opinion about slavery, and the problems from both the North and South problems caused the civil war. History Coursework Essay Camilla Parsons 12S ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. "The main cause of the American civil war was undeniably slavery". Assess the ...

    Alan farmer states, "It was the issue of slavery expansion, rather than its mere existence, that polarised the nation". This endorses the fact that at the time people were compromising over expansion and not its existence. The annexation of Texas was significant because of the dispute that it caused in Congress.

  2. Why did the South lose the American Civil War?

    As the numbers of men available to them were so much higher the North had a clear advantage. When it came to supplying their troops, again the North had an advantage over the South as they were more industrialised and had easier access to railroads, and better resources for repairing them whereas the South did not.

  1. What role did the Battle of Gettysburg play in the victory of the North ...

    Historian James Anderson comments, The South was reduced to a defensive war. Such a war it would wage for two more years. The Union defeat of the South at the Battle of Gettysburg lead to the withdrawal of any serious foreign intervention.

  2. While surfing the channels on TV you might hear a lot of news about ...

    Anti-Semitism is known all over the world. Let's just take Hungary which sent the biggest number of Jews to Lagers in the shortest period of time; where Jews were outlawed two decades ago and there are a lot who doesn't believe the happenings of Auschwitz, and there are some who still say that Jews are not humans.

  1. How substantial were the differences between the North and South on the eve of ...

    In the South, the cotton gin made the processing of cotton easy and by 1860, 60% of US exports consisted of cotton. Although this may seem good for the South, it still meant that shipping the cotton was impossible from the south, and therefore they had to look towards the North.

  2. The Outbreak of the American Civil War was the result of a concerted campaign ...

    At Fort Sumter, on April 12 1861, the first shot was fired by General Pierre Beauregard of South Carolina in attack at the Northern garrison situated in Confederate territory. The bombardment of Fort Sumter was the opening engagement of the American Civil War.

  1. Was the civil warinevitable?

    The election of Lincoln was the final straw with which the south believed the northern conspirators would gain the upper hand and bring about the destruction of the Southern institutions. "Most irresponsible, wanton, and disastrous of all was the decision of those southern leaders who in 1858-1860 turned to the

  2. The Nature of Southern Segregation

    Martin Luther King, Jr., was invited to the city to give a speech after more than five hundred demonstrators had been arrested. King joined the demonstration and was himself arrested. In January 1965, SCLC and SNCC set aside their differences over to launch a combined voter registration effort in the Selma, Alabama, area.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work