• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

THE BATTLE OF CHATTANOOGA

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

THE BATTLE OF CHATTANOOGA The North (union) won three of the most crucial battles of the American Civil War in 1863. Two of these Union victories took place in Gettysburg, Pensylvannia2 (July 1-3) followed by a long siege, in Vicksburg, Mississippi2 (May 18 - July 4). Later that year, the third important engagement was positioned in the area around Chattanooga, Tennessee. As Rosecrans was unable to hold Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge, on September 21st 1863, he withdrew his forces to Chattanooga which led to Braggs Confederates occupy Lookout Mountain1 and Missionary Ridge1. "Reeling from defeat at Chickamauga on September 19-20, 1863, Army of the Cumberland forces under the command of William S. Rosecrans retreated to Chattanooga to regroup. Braxton Bragg's men drove to the summit of Lookout Mountain and retook the peak without a fight." - Unknown source "The Confederates were holding Lookout Mountain to guard against an enemy approach from Trenton. Sherman had, in fact, sent Ewing's division toward that place as a diversion; it rejoined his main body for the attack on Missionary Ridge." - From "The Civil War Dictionary" by Mark M. Boatner III Shortly after, between September 25th and October 4th, Federal Army Corps of the Potomac were transferred from Culpeper to Chattanooga (approximately 1230 miles) to aid Rosecrans. On the 23rd of October and Grant arrived in Chattanooga and was given overall command in the west. ...read more.

Middle

Grant rose to command all the Federal armies in the Civil War and lead them to victory. So great was his popularity that the people twice elected him to the presidency. He attended West Point university and not long after graduating served in the Mexican War and married Julia Dent. He left the army after their first son was born, but later returned when the civil war began. He originally never had any intentions of being a politician, but he ended up serving two terms as president. He died on July 23 1885, a week after finishing his personal memoirs, from throat cancer. General William Starke Rosecrans4 William S. Rosecrans was born in Delaware County, Ohio, on September 6, 1819. He graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1842. He left the Army in 1854 but returned to it at the start of the American Civil War. Rosecrans later became the commanding general of the Department of Ohio. After losing the battle of Chickamauga he lost his command and Gen. Ulysses S. Grant was made commander of all the western armies. Regardless of the loss, he was considered the best strategist of the Union forces. After the war he was minister to Mexico from 1868 to 1869, and he represented California in Congress from 1881 to 1885. He eventually retired to Redondo, California, where he died on March 11, 1898. ...read more.

Conclusion

These numbers were extremely similar to the Battle of Fredricksburg. At Chattanooga for every 1000 effectives in the Union Army 97 where shot. At Fredricksburg for every 1000 Union effectives engaged 103 were shot. Similarly at Chattanooga for every 1000 Union effectives they shot 44 Confederates. At Fredricksburg for every 1000 Union effectives they also shot the exact same 44 Confederates. The South was deeply affected by the great loss at Chattanooga which actually led to the dismissal of Bragg and Rosecrans. In turn, it was a great victory for the North and Grant was greatly respected after the wise decisions he made during this time. "Now it was Rosecran's turn to be discredited. Remarking that the general was "stunned and confused, like a duck hit on the head," Lincoln relieved him of command and placed the perilous situation in the hands of the North's most trusted leader, Ulysses S. Grant. Losing no time, Grant launched assaults that cleared the Confederates for m their positions on the heights of Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge. The South would never recover from the loss of Chattanooga, which brought Bragg's dismissal and opened the gateway to the Confederate heartland." - From "Echoes of Glory, Civil War Battle Atlas" published by Time Life Books. 1 See map of Chattanooga, Fig. 1 2 See map of Tennessee and surrounding states, Fig. 2 1 See map - Fig. 4 2 See photo - Fig. 6 3 See photo - Fig. 7 4 See photo - Fig. 8 1 See table, fig. 5 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Armed forces.

    bacteria; First electric street light in New York; Charles Lavern proves that Malaria is caused by a parasite in the blood. 1881 Mahdi war in Sudan (1881-98) Irish land and coercion acts Jewish pogroms in East Europe; Alexander II assassinated Nietzche's Aurora Electricity exhibition in Paris 1882 Occupation of Egypt

  2. To what extend did the battles of Gettysburg and Vicksburg (1863) mark the turning ...

    Lee was shown not to have a strong enough army and did not have the correct tactics to win the overall battle. Because the union was lead by Meade, who was a strong leader. Because the last day was fought on cemetery ridge, which was a hill Lee found it

  1. Bletchley park

    Hut 3 had an ordered system of how to deal with the important messages. Such a system reflects the importance of their work again hinting the impact B.P. had on WW2. Again the date of the source is not given.

  2. History of the United States

    Three of the world's nuclear powers (Great Britain, the United States, and the USSR--the fourth, France, did not sign) agreed to end the detonation of atomic explosions in the atmosphere. In this new environment of security, American culture, long restrained by the sense of team spirit and conformity that the

  1. A study of Bobby Fischer, Boris Spassky, the 1972 FIDE Chess Title Match, and ...

    They shouldn't have any women in there. They don't know how to teach. And they shouldn't make anyone go to school. You don't want to go, you don't go, that's all. It's ridiculous. I don't remember one thing I learned in school. I don't listen to weakies [Bobby's term for non-chess players or for chess players who are weaker than himself].

  2. Bletchley Park

    that the Italians were going to invade Yugoslavia and later the Germans would be sent to back up the Italians. With this information in hand, Bletchley park tipped off the admiral Cunningham, the commander of the Mediterranean Fleet, and he was able to sink three heavy cruisers and two destroyers

  1. The Battle of Atlanta.

    All of Hood's attacks failed and withdrew his troops from Atlanta's outer lines to the inner line, within the city's fortifications. By this time Hood had already lost more than 13,000 men. Several weeks followed with Sherman unsuccessfully attempting to siege the city.

  2. Battle Analysis - Dong Ap Bia (Hamburger Hill).

    The Americans however needed to flush out all NVA of this region for operation APACHE SNOW. The commanders were told to take the hill at any cost. This decision would later come back to question whether the hill was important enough to take with as many Americans who died taking the hill.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work