• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Blitz was the word used to refer to the intensive bombing of British towns and cities from September 1940 until May 1941 - German Luftwaffe

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

A/. The Blitz was the word used to refer to the intensive bombing of British towns and cities from September 1940 until May 1941. After the German Luftwaffe was defeated by the RAF in the Battle of Britain the Germans began and intensive bombing campaign of British towns and cities. Coventry is an example of a British town that was bombed intensively during the Second World War. It is now twinned with Dresden in Germany which was also bombed. B/. Britain in the 1930's had seemed to be a country of Two Nations. Rich and poor classes did not mix and divisions of class and social attitudes existed. What we have to ask ourselves is , was there a social revolution and a breakdown of the social barriers during the war and after the war ? Many people refer to the Second World War as a Peoples war. W e shall see if this is a true statement or not ! Angus Calder comments that the "social revolution is an exaggeration and that, at most the war hastened British society in it's progress along the old grooves ". Helen Pelling comments that "society emerged from the war basically unchanged ". These two statements although written in 1969 and 1970 respectively, give us the picture of the social revolution being a short term measure to win the war, but afterwards old class barriers remained and Britain was still a country of Two Nations. ...read more.

Middle

This report gave people something to fight for after the war. People were looking for a light at the end of the tunnel so to speak. This report would give them this. People did not want to return to the 1930's where depression and the failure of appeasement was at the fore front of peoples minds. Greater government control existed during the war. The Emergency powers act of May 1940 gave the authorities the power to o whatever is needed to win the war. An example of this is rationing, where meat, butter and cheese were rationed. An acceptance of this policy called for it to be extended after the war. This was again linked to the popularity of the Beveridge plan. Evacuation was the policy of transferring city children to rural homes because of the bombing of British town and cities. Some middle and upper class families in the countryside were shocked by the deprivation of evacuee children. Many children were barely clothed and did arouse the feelings of upper class families who thought that the children and their families deserved a better standard of living after the war. The Beveridge plan was again a key point in increasing the poor's standard of living. Americanisation broke down moral codes which had existed in Britain before the war. ...read more.

Conclusion

Parents were still of the old fashioned viewpoint that affairs were wrong and that if you were unmarried then it was immoral and unjust. The divorce rate increased, as did the birth rate. Prostitution was also seen as a way of making money and getting more rations. Single families increased also after the war. This was partly due to the death rates during the war and because of the American servicemen returning home to their wives and children. Women however gained self-confidence and this carried over after the war. Women during the war worked on the land (Land army). Agricultural production had to be maintained. The WAAF (Women's air force), WRNS (Navy) and ATS (army) were also set up for women aged between 18 and 31. Although these services were involved with the war effort, no fighting was partaken by the women's auxiliary services. They were mostly used for communications and backroom duties. I would say that there was a long-term sexual change with women gaining confidence. There was also a short-term social change with women moving into work during the war. It is also true to say that without women being involved on the Home front the war may not have been won. There was not however a long terms social change. Women were compelled to return home after the war. Women however learned that they were capable of going out into the workplace and providing for themselves. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    Marada and the Assassination of Tony Franjieh Tension was building between members of the Lebanese Front in May 1978 due to what many felt was Sulayman Franjieh's pro Syrian stance, and his intention to break away from the Front. At the start of the war Franjieh had been obliged to

  2. An Investigation Into the Way in Which Sir Winston Churchill Used Rhetoric During the ...

    "The Price of Greatness is Responsibility" The skilful rhetoric and manipulation of language that Churchill used in his essays, speeches and books later won him a 1953 Nobel Prize in Literature. This skill was born out of a lifetime spent writing.

  1. The Blitz

    About 10,500 V1's were launched at Britain and at least the British fleets and army bases had destroyed 4,000 of these. Once again conscription was introduced and as there was so few men left in the industries the role was placed upon the shoulders of women.

  2. Reasons for the increasing support given to NSDAP by the German people in the ...

    Their urban counterparts on the other hand preferred to vote for the KPD. However during the depression many from the working-class became dissatisfied with SPD (with whom they had previously held their allegiance) and a large minority preferred national socialism to communism.

  1. Why did hitler bomb british cities?

    Many parents didn't like the thought of their children going to stay with strangers, and in many cases, quite rightly so. Some children received regular beatings from their 'new families' and some were even sexually abused. And so, when the parents began to get letters from their children, or in

  2. The Battle of Britain as a turning point in the Second World War.In the ...

    On 3 September Field Marshal Keitel delayed Sea lion until 21 September, and then again until 27 September and that was the last time that the tides would be right for that year. The day after this the final major mission to destroy RAF Fighter Command took place during the day.

  1. Many peoples have contributed to the development of the United States of America, a ...

    To the shocked and angered North, it seemed that the sufferings endured in the war had been in vain: politics as before the war--only now with a powerful southern Democratic bloc in Congress--would resume. The Republican majority in Congress refused to admit southern legislators to their seats until a congressional committee reexamined the entire question of Reconstruction.

  2. "The impression that the British faced the blitz with courage and unity is a ...

    People also listened to the radio a lot, played cards and read. Churchill's speeches often served as morale boosters too. He was showed as a determined and tough leader who called upon the British public to keep their spirits up - As Churchill said 'let's go forward together'.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work